LATEST ARTICLES

Neglected Children More Likely To Have Teen Pregnancy: Study

Researchers have found that children who experience neglect are seven times more likely than other abuse victims to have a teen pregnancy. The study, published in the journal Pediatrics, found that neglect was one of the most severe types of maltreatment when compared to emotional, sexual and physical abuse. The researchers found neglected children have the highest rates of teen pregnancy, and were at a three- to five-fold increased risk of failing school, anxiety, depression, psychosis and cannabis abuse problems. Follow NewsGram on Facebook for more updates.  “Although most children in our study experienced multiple types of maltreatment, child neglect and emotional abuse were specifically linked to the worst outcomes,” said study author Jake Najman from the University of Queensland in Australia. “Neglected children, in particular, experienced higher rates of promiscuity, cannabis abuse and visual hallucinations as a result of their maltreatment,” Najman added.
Teen Pregnancy
This could result from lack of information about sexual and reproductive health and rights. Unsplash
For the findings, the researchers looked at data from 8,000 women and children beginning in pregnancy and continuing into early adulthood. The study anonymously linked the data with state government reports of child abuse and neglect to examine how child maltreatment was associated with a broad range of outcomes over two decades, including cognitive, educational, psychological, sexual and physical health, and addiction. Child neglect was defined in the study as not providing the child with necessary physical requirements (food, clothing or a safe place to sleep) and emotional requirements (comfort and emotional support) a child should receive. The study found children who experienced emotional abuse were also worse off than sexually or physically abused children. Data showed that sexual and physical abuse led to fewer negative outcomes overall. Also Read: Sakharam Binder: Play That Explores Idea Of Censorship “These problems are extremely serious and difficult to treat in adulthood. We need to do all that we can to prevent them from happening in the first place,” Najman said. “Emotionally abused kids were particularly prone to experiencing harassment, psychosis and injecting drugs,” he noted. (IANS)

Sakharam Binder: Play That Explores Idea Of Censorship

Back in the early 1970s, Marathi playwright Vijay Tendulkar’s play ‘Sakharam Binder’ — which features the character of a bookbinder who ‘takes in’ women abandoned or dejected by other men and uses them as domestic help and sexual partners — struggled with the Stage Scrutiny Board (the censor board) and sections of society. In 2020, a play explores the idea of censorship in the arts through this story. Titled ‘Sex, Morality, and Censorship’, the play is based on Vijay Tendulkar’s theatre classic ‘Sakharam Binder’s struggle with censorship. Recapturing the essence of Maharashtra’s folk arts ‘Tamasha’ and the spirit of the 1970s, the play offers a mix of theatre, live music, dance, and video. Play director Sunil Shanbag and co-writer Irawati Karnik this week hosted a guided viewing of the performance of the play recorded at the iconic Prithvi Theatre in Mumbai. The viewing took place on Paytm Insider’s theatre initiative, Front & Centre in collaboration with Studio Tamaasha’s monthly series – TheatreNama. Follow NewsGram on Quora for more updates.  The play also looks at the parallel theme of the “sanitisation” the folk arts, namely Maharashtra’s Tamasha tradition, by conservative sections of society, director Sunil Shanbag told IANSlife.
censorship
Titled ‘Sex, Morality, and Censorship’, the play is based on Vijay Tendulkar’s theatre classic ‘Sakharam Binder’s struggle with censorship. IANS
Asked how censorship has impacted free expression of ‘taboo’ topics on stage, Shanbag shares: “Interestingly only two states in India still retain the equivalent of the outdated colonial law of 1876, the Dramatic Performances Act. These are Maharashtra and Gujarat. In Maharashtra there are several examples of both official censorship of theatre by the stage scrutiny board, and unofficial censorship by non-state players, and mobs. The latter, unofficial censorship, follows no rules or procedures, and is unpredictable, hence very dangerous to deal with. Of late we do worry that official censorship too seems inclined towards conservatism which can be quite oppressive for artists.” Also Read: Covid-19 Diagnosed On Same Emergency Scans Intended To Diagnose Stroke In the guided viewing, the makers took the audience on the journey of what began as an idea to do a play about censorship, slowly developed and evolved into a full-fledged theatre production. “This process took about a year of work, and involved many collaborators, which included the actors. We shared these rich experiences and memories with the audience and showed them extensive excerpts from a performance of the play to illustrate and illuminate what we were saying,” shared Shanbag. Varun Khare – Business Head, Live Entertainment (IPs & Partnerships) at Paytm Insider, said, “Censorship has long plagued the sharp-edged satire and other nuances that are characteristic of Tamasha. Sex, Morality and Censorship, brings forth a fresh perspective on decades-old folk arts, with popular folk artists presenting their views on the art form, the ruthless civil censorship, and insights into the play itself.” (IANS)

Patients With Covid-19 Likely To Diagnose With A Heart Stroke

Researchers have found that Covid-19 may be diagnosed on the same emergency scans intended to diagnose stroke. The findings published in the American Journal of Neuroradiology, have important implications in the management of patients presenting with suspected stroke through early identification of Covid-19. In the study, the research team from King’s College London in the UK, said the emergency scans captured images of the top of the lungs where a fluffiness known as ‘ground glass ‘pacification’ allowed Covid-19 to be diagnosed. Follow NewsGram on Twitter for more updates.  For the findings, 225 patients were examined from three London Hyper-Acute Stroke Units. The emergency stroke scan consisted of a computed tomography (CT) of the head and neck blood vessels.
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According to the researchers, these are useful results because the changes are simple for radiologists and other doctors to see. This is “free information” from a scan intended for another purpose yet extremely valuable. Unsplash
The researchers said the results show that when the team saw these changes in the top of the lungs during the emergency scan, they were able to reliably and accurately diagnose Covid-19 and the changes also predicted increased mortality. “This is particularly relevant given the limitations of currently available Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) testing as it takes time to complete the test and sometimes it is inaccurate,” said study author Tom Booth. “Additionally, our data have prognostic information given the increased mortality in those with lung changes shown in our cohort,” Booth added. Also Read:Hair Tips By Actress Kajol According to the researchers, these are useful results because the changes are simple for radiologists and other doctors to see. This is “free information” from a scan intended for another purpose yet extremely valuable. “Primarily, the findings allow earlier selection of the appropriate level of personal protective equipment (PPE) and attendant staff numbers, triage to appropriate inpatient ward settings, self-isolation and contact tracing,” the authors noted. (IANS)

Asian-Americans Experience Increased Racism Since Covid-19: Report

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A report released by a US civil rights group showed Asian-Americans have experienced increased racism since the Covid-19 pandemic hit the country more than 6 months ago. The report was issued on Thursday by the Stop AAPI Hate Reporting Center, which was formed in March by the Asian Pacific Policy and Planning Council, Chinese for Affirmative Action and San Francisco State University’s Asian American Studies department, reports Xinhua news agency. As of August 5, the report said, 2,583 incidents of anti-Asian discrimination nationwide had been self-reported, in which over 40 per cent, namely 1,116 reports, occurred in California. Follow NewsGram on Facebook for more updates. 
racism
Modern variants of racism are often based in social perceptions of biological differences between peoples. These views can take the form of social actions, practices or beliefs, or political systems in which different races are ranked as inherently superior or inferior to each other, based on presumed shared inheritable traits, abilities, or qualities. Unsplash
Reports submitted to the group were likely under-counted, the survey noted, citing that 5.4 per cent of Asian-Americans in California reported being “unfairly treated” due to race or ethnicity, compared to 2.1 per cent of all state residents during pandemic. The report underlined the impact of racism and xenophobia against Asian-American youth during the pandemic, while analyzing 341 incidents of anti-Asian discrimination involving youth reported to the Stop AAPI Hate Reporting Center from March 19 to July 22. “In over half (56 per cent) of these cases, perpetrators employed anti-Chinese hate speech, including blaming China and Chinese as the source of the virus and mocking Chinese dietary habits. “Even though adults were present in almost half of the incidents (48 per cent), bystanders intervened in only 10 per cent of the cases,” the report said. Tony Thurmond, California State Superintendent of Public Instruction, was quoted as saying that country is suffering two pandemics: Covid-19 and racism. “It breaks my heart that so many of our Asian-American and Pacific Islander youth and families have been subject to demeaning, discriminatory attacks,” he said. Also Read: Traditional Matchmaking Holds a Lot of Prejudiced, Preconceived Notions: Physician Rupam Kaur “All Asian Americans are being hit hard by the groundswell of anti-Asian rhetoric promoted by our president, but youth are particularly vulnerable,” warned Russell Jeung, professor of Asian-American studies at San Francisco State University. “The hate Asian-American youths are facing could cause irreparable damage to their self-identity and social relationships.” (IANS)

Hair Tips By Actress Kajol

Actress Kajol has often sported bouncy curls, and it is not too difficult to have hair like hers, she assures. Sharing a candid photo taken while she was perfecting the puff hairstyle, she wrote on Instagram: “Talk to the hair rollers….. Too glam to give a damn #PuffingItUp #HairStory.” Follow NewsGram on Facebook for more updates. 
Kajol Hair secret
Kajol Is “Too Glam To Give A Damn” About Her New Hairdo. IANS
Her sister Tanisha Mukerji commented: “U bet u are my shnukums, too glam.” Her fans also loved it, with some calling her a “cutie” and others “beautiful”. Also Read: 10 Facts on How Mosquitoes are One of the Deadliest Creatures in the World Kajol will soon make her digital debut with “Tribhanga”, directed by Renuka Shahane. It is a drama set in Mumbai and across three generations of the same family. (IANS)

Twitter Halts Transparency Web Series Promotion. Is Twitter Biased?

By NewsGram Desk Twitter, a well-known platform to share ideas, thoughts, spread awareness, advertise our new ideas and projects, is suddenly taking down advertisements and restraining common people to promote their commercial products and projects. Follow NewsGram on Facebook for more updates.  Something similar happened with the team of Transparency: Pardarshita web series. The team made use of their Twitter handle to promote their web series for the mass. Since, it is a commercial project, paid advertising is the method that the team adopted. The advertising process was halted by the Twitter team the same day.

No Liberty Left on People’s Platform Like Twitter?

The recently launched Transparency series highlighted many inside stories and the misconduct of the Aam Aadmi Party after India Against Corruption Movement (Popularly known as Anna Andolan).  In a recent promotional tweet by Transparency’s official handle, a user mentioned the twitter handle of AAP’s Social Media head Ankit Lal in a comment. It is alleged that after this encounter twitter halted the promotional post on its platform. See Tweet Here:  It raises some very serious questions regarding the liberty users are left with on social media. How long will these so-called stakeholders of power continue to dominate those who unveil their actualities and the truth in front of mass audiences? Twitter as a platform is popular because it raises some serious debates, discussions, and issues regarding many sensitive topics. Moreover, it has always promoted advertisement campaigns for various issues and political campaigns as well, but they never get halted. Another question that should strike our mind is that what compelled Twitter India to take this step only for Transparency’s post? By the time when Twitter India received the revenue, they kept the promotion running, but then when it came in the eyes of AAP’s IT cell, the promotion was forcefully stopped! Isn’t it Twitter’s biased side?

Twitter Allows Bully Clouts Like #TeamBaan but not the truthful “Transparency”?

In the past couple of days, a hashtag – #TeamBaan – has appeared frequently on Twitter. It is also mentioned in the bio of some users, most prominently among them are AAP’s Social Media Head Ankit Lal and anonymous parody account ROFL Gandhi. It is a bully clout that manipulates polls on Twitter and gives dislikes on YouTube videos. It is strange that even the platform has allowed this trend but has stopped the promotion of the commercial Transparency web series because of the interference and domination by the Aam Aadmi Party’s IT Cell.

How Long Will The Truth Remain Concealed? 

This encounter raises serious questions and the credibility of Twitter as a platform that claims itself to be people’s voice. Moreover, it also highlights the denomination by a political party that can go to any extent to conceal the bitter truths that exist against it.

The Transparency web series has been a bold documentary that has brought in light all the hidden truths of the Aam Aadmi Party which are itself shared by AAP’s ex-members. We all should now be asking a question to ourselves that are we bold enough to accept that these stakeholders in power will continue to dominate our voices if we are against them but till how long?

ALSO READ: Transparency Documentary Series Review: Unique and Talks About the Working of AAP What twitter did shall be considered as something desirable? or what the Aam Aadmi Party is trying to do in order to conceal the truths behind its existence is desirable? The truth shall not be suppressed, especially in a democracy like India and on a platform like Twitter that allows the free-flow of strong opinions.    

Traditional Matchmaking Holds a Lot of Prejudiced, Preconceived Notions: Physician Rupam Kaur

By Siddhi Jain For Rupam Kaur, an Indian-American physician, the pursuit of finding love a second time took more than the traditional formula of meeting with suitors via a matchmaker. Having found her partner on the dating app Bumble after a divorce, Kaur says that the “traditional concept of arranged matchmaking holds a lot of prejudiced and preconceived notions”. Kaur, who incidentally has featured on the popular Netflix show ‘Indian Matchmaking’, believes that sometimes one needs to “self-arrange” a match, taking both control of your own destiny and finding someone on your own terms. Follow NewsGram on Facebook to stay updated. In an interview with IANSlife, Kaur also shared that traditional matchmakers were limiting potential options for her, due to the relatively smaller database they bring to the table. Her story in itself is a testimony to Indian communities slowly seeing the new horizon of online dating, with apps playing matchmaker. According to Priti Joshi, the Vice President for Strategy for Bumble, a platform that enables women users to make the first move on the app, Rupam’s first move changed the course of her life.
“We were so happy to see how much Rupam’s story has resonated with Indian women around the world, and our team is overjoyed that Rupam found love on Bumble,”
Joshi told IANSlife.
Rupam Kaur: Traditional matchmaking fraught with prejudice
Kaur incidentally has featured on the popular Netflix show ‘Indian Matchmaking’. Pinterest

Excerpts from an IANSlife interview with Rupam Kaur:

As an Indian-American, the concept of marriage, specifically traditional matchmaking, must have been part of your childhood? Did it impact your worldview about marriage at all?
Kaur: As an Indian child albeit Indian-American, marriage was always stressed as a life goal and given utmost importance. We weren’t allowed to talk to boys and definitely not date! Yet somehow we were supposed to be married by a certain age. I bought into this belief when I was younger and got married at a relatively young age for American standards, but after going through a divorce and becoming a single mother, I realised that matchmakers with traditional beliefs were limiting my options of finding a partner. I decided to shed these beliefs. I had hope that there was someone for me who was progressive minded and wouldn’t judge my past life. I just had to navigate myself through it. For me, downloading and using Bumble was a great decision, it gave me a chance to take control of my destiny and find someone on my own terms.
Do you think Indian communities, through the process of arranged matchmaking leave out a lot of people – women with children, divorced people, people marrying in their 30s or 40s?
Kaur: Yes, unfortunately I’ve learned this is the case as the traditional concept of arranged matchmaking holds a lot of prejudiced and preconceived notions. For instance, in my case, when I was finally ready to start over again, I was constantly told by matchmakers that I had to ecompromise’ and settle in with the options I was provided with. The reason was simple, as a single mother, I would only have a chance at “being settled” if I checked all the esocially acceptable’ boxes. I am sure, there are many women out there who are not even provided with that one chance to take control of their own lives. I consider myself very lucky to be surrounded by supportive family and friends who have respected my decision of finding love in a non-traditional way.
What attitudes do you see across the Indian diaspora/communities about dating apps? Are they warming up to dating and dating apps?
Kaur: Indian communities, especially the younger generations- Gen Z and Millennials – are more open to the concept of dating apps and finding love in a non-traditional way, although the pressures to marry remain. Currently, with the global pandemic, virtual dating too has gained momentum as individuals are looking to build meaningful relationships while staying indoors. I found Nitin, my fiance using Bumble filters like Education and Religion as I was looking for a meaningful long-term relationship and was keen to find a like-minded partner. This narrowed down my search and directed me to the profiles with similar interests. Just like me, people have warmed up to finding love and long-standing relationships on dating apps. While the option of arranged marriage is something that is preferred by the families, healthy conversations around dating apps is slowly and steadily changing this opinion. I also believe dating apps allow you to “self-arrange” relationships. We can take our family values and incorporate them into finding a like-minded partner using a larger database than matchmakers have.
Rupam Kaur: Traditional matchmaking fraught with prejudice
“I found Nitin, my fiance using Bumble filters like Education and Religion as I was looking for a meaningful long-term relationship and was keen to find a like-minded partner,” said Kaur. Pinterest
In desi settings, women are often never given the sort of autonomy or authority to take control of their love lives and find suitors. Is it about time things changed?
Kaur: Yes! Desi women have taken authority in their lives in so many realms whether at school, workplace, or home. We should give up the expectation that it is only on the woman to compromise or adjust with what they have, whether in life or relationships. I strongly believe that the foundation of a meaningful relationship lies in kindness, respect, and equality. Therefore, I decided to do it my way e ignored the naysayers, and the aunties from Denver to Delhi, downloaded Bumble on my phone, took charge of my dating journey and created my own love story. If I could do it, anyone can. Also Read: 10 Facts on How Mosquitoes are One of the Deadliest Animals in the World
What was your family’s reaction to you finding a match on Bumble?
Kaur: I was introduced to Bumble by a friend two years ago when I was ready to give myself a chance to fall in love again. It took me quite some time and many first dates to find the right one, but this never demotivated me as I didn’t lose hope. When my family got to know that I found my “forever” on Bumble – my mom exclaimed, “divine happenings do happen on Bumble!” I think she’s right! My daughter’s reaction was pure excitement when she got to know about the proposal, and she started screaming, “Yes! Yes! Yes!” They and I couldn’t have been happier!
About your wedding and all that we didn’t see on screen..
Kaur: There was a lot which went on off-screen! I was travelling to New York when I matched with Nitin. My first date with my fiance was an amazing 24-hour date – we spent the whole day together starting with brunch and hiking and finishing up with dinner at a steakhouse. It was one of the best dates I’ve ever had. As I was dating him, it was always important to me that my partner respected my past, accepted me as a mother and shared the same life values as me. He is the most caring, loving, and kindest person I’ve met, and I knew I wanted to spend my life with him. We got engaged during the pandemic and were married in a small, socially-distanced ceremony with a tight group of family and friends. They say love will find a way – and trust me it does. Falling in love is such a wonderful feeling and there is no reason for it to turn into a contest. (IANS)

10 Facts on How Mosquitoes are One of the Deadliest Creatures in the World

A warmer climate, travel and trade are helping to spread mosquito-borne diseases as a deadly beast smaller than a paper clip poses a threat to more than half the world’s population. In 1897, British doctor Ronald Ross discovered that female mosquitoes transmit malaria between humans, but the World Health Organization (WHO) warns progress against malaria is stalling. Follow NewsGram on LinkedIn to know what’s happening around the world.
Below are 10 ways that the mosquito — Spanish for “little fly” — has affected humans and methods to mitigate the risks:
1. Many species of mosquito feed on the blood of various hosts and ingest pathogens, meaning their bites can transfer diseases directly into the blood of hosts. This has made mosquitoes one of the deadliest animals in the world. 2. Mosquito bites result in the deaths of more than one million people every year with the majority due to malaria, and the WHO warns nearly half of the world population is at risk. In 2017, malaria caused over 435,000 deaths. 3. About 90% of all malaria deaths occur in Africa. Currently in Burundi, more than half the population is infected with malaria. 4. Malaria cases continue to spread in countries including Uganda, where the Ministry of Health this week announced a 40% increase in instances of the disease this year to 1.4 million.
10 Facts on How Mosquitoes Pose a Threat to Half the World
Many species of mosquito feed on the blood of various hosts and ingest pathogens, meaning their bites can transfer diseases directly into the blood of hosts.  Pexels
5. Dengue fever is a viral disease widely spread in tropical regions that 2.5 billion people are at risk of contracting. Up to 100 million new infections are estimated to occur annually in more than 100 countries. 6. Most mosquitoes only fly an average of 400 meters. It is often humans, not mosquitoes, that carry a disease across communities and countries. The mosquito blamed for transmitting the Zika virus breeds in car tires, tin cans, dog bowls and cemetery flower vases. 7. After Zika spread to the United States in 2016, experts warned that more life-threatening diseases could be carried from the tropics. 8. Up to one billion additional people, including those in the United States and Europe, could be exposed to mosquito-carried viruses by 2080 if the climate continues to warm, according to U.S. research released earlier this year. Also Read: South Africa Doctors See Unexpected Boom in Plastic Surgery Demand 9. If you have ever wondered why mosquitoes are more attracted to certain people, research published in the PNAS scientific journal demonstrated that some people are able to emit masking odors that can naturally repel mosquitoes. 10. Hitting mosquitoes where it hurts — their eggs — is one way of controlling pesticide-resistant insects. North and Central American scientists in 2016 came up with a trap to trap eggs using two pieces of an old tire. (VOA)

South African Doctors See Unexpected Boom in Plastic Surgery Demand

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By Anita Powell
Doctors in South Africa, the continent’s coronavirus epicenter, expected to be busy as the virus ravaged its way across the Rainbow Nation. But one type of doctor is seeing an unexpected boom in demand: plastic surgeons, who say that the combination of lockdown-imposed isolation and South Africa’s world-class medical technology is causing a rush of people who are quietly changing their appearance. It’s the same trend that aesthetic surgeons are seeing in the U.S., Japan and elsewhere. Follow NewsGram on Twitter to stay updated about the World news. “There’s definitely been a flood of people coming through,” said South African physician Dr. Saadia Laher, “and again, that’s mostly because a lot of people are still at home. They also are very aware — I think when something like a pandemic hits you, you kind of realize that we are all here on limited time, and you want to make the most of everything. And if that means feeling better about yourself then, why not?” Want to read more in Hindi? Checkout: ट्रंप चुनाव के मद्देनजर ‘शांतिदूत’ की छवि पेश करने में जुटे At the Johannesburg hospital where Laher works, patients are monitored for any signs of coronavirus. They receive COVID-19 tests before their cosmetic procedure, and are kept in separate wards from ill patients.
South Africa Doctors See Boom in Plastic Surgery Demand Amid Pandemic
The same trend of plastic surgeries is seen by aesthetic surgeons in the U.S., Japan and elsewhere.   Unsplash
Patient Alishia de Lange said she thought long and hard before going under the knife for a breast enlargement. She says she’s happy with the results, and was comfortable with her doctor’s safety precautions. Her procedure was done at a fertility clinic, as her doctor felt it best to avoid hospitals.
“It’s something that I really wanted to do for a very long time,” de Lange said. “And when the time came, yeah, I just thought I’d go ahead and do this regardless of the time we’re living in. We don’t know how long it’s going to last. We don’t know when it’s going to end.” 
Her procedure cost about $2,600. In the U.S., the average cost of the surgery is just under $4,000, according to the American Society of Plastic Surgeons. Laher said her continent often gets attention for other health crises, but that South Africa’s medical offerings are varied and world-class. Also Read: Scientists Find Oldest Specimen of Fossilized Giant Sperm “We still very much keep in touch with the latest and greatest of technologies and techniques,” she said. “There’s a lot of expertise out here, there’s a lot to see and a lot to learn. And we’ve always been involved as a medical fraternity in all of that. So I think there’s a lot that we can provide and contribute to. And I’d love everybody to come out and experience that with us, as well.” And who knows what you’ll leave with, she said. Maybe a new and improved you. (VOA)

Scientists Find Oldest Specimen of Fossilized Giant Sperm

Scientists say they have found what may be the oldest specimen of fossilized sperm ever discovered, inside a tiny crustacean trapped in a piece of amber 100 million years ago. The researchers say the discovery in amber from Myanmar’s Kachin province, described in a paper published Wednesday in the science journal Proceedings of the Royal Society of Biological Sciences, provides an extremely rare opportunity to study the evolution of the reproductive process. Follow NewsGram on Facebook to stay updated. The scientists suspect the crustacean in which the sperm was found, a newly discovered species of ostracod about 1 millimeter long, was likely covered in amber shortly after mating. Want to read more in Hindi? Checkout: ट्रंप चुनाव के मद्देनजर ‘शांतिदूत’ की छवि पेश करने में जुटे They say the sperm cell found in the animal was significant, not only because of the age of the specimen but also because of its size — about one-fifth the size of the entire animal that produced it. The researchers say that while most animals produce huge numbers of tiny sperm, there are still animals that exist today that produce so-called “giant” sperm. Some modern ostracods and species of fruit flies produce sperm many times longer than their bodies.
Scientists Discover Ancient Fossilized Giant Sperm
The researchers say that while most animals produce huge numbers of tiny sperm, there are still animals that exist today that produce so-called “giant” sperm. Unsplash
One of the authors of the study, the University of Munich’s Renate Matzke-Karasz, says the most significant aspect of the discovery is that it shows this method of reproduction has been around a very long time. Also Read: Wildfire Smoke: A Growing Health Problem Worldwide The researchers say it is unclear what evolutionary advantage producing a small number of giant sperm, as opposed to a large number of tiny sperm, may have. While a large sperm might have a better chance of reaching an egg, the reproductive organs of the animal producing them must be large as well, which would require a lot of “biological energy.” Matzke-Karasz says that before this discovery, evolutionary scientists questioned whether animals that developed this type of reproductive system were doomed to extinction. Now, she says, they know they can exist for millions of years. (VOA)

Efforts By Ranveer Singh To Make Indian Sign Language An Official Language

India’s deaf community has lauded the efforts of actor Ranveer Singh to make Indian Sign Language an official language. Ranveer has been urging authorities to consider and declare Indian Sign Language (ISL) as the 23rd official language of India. He recently signed a petition aimed at furthering awareness for the cause. Follow NewsGram on Twitter for more updates.  His independent record label, IncInk, which he has formed with Navzar Eranee, also released sign language music videos. Twenty-five members from the deaf community in India appreciated him by putting out a thank-you video for him.
Indian Sign Language
Ranveer’s first job out of college was with the renowned advertising agency, as a copywriter. Wikimedia Commons
“We were very happy to hear the good news about Ranveer Singh, who is a famous Bollywood actor, to support ISL to be recognised as the 23rd official language of India. We are so glad that he supports this,” the members stated. “Indian sign language is a beautiful language. We want to thank Ranveer for showing support to the deaf community,” they added. An overwhelmed Ranveer said that his independent music label was created to encourage inclusivity. Also Read: Wear Eyeglasses to be at a Lower Risk of Contracting Covid-19 Ranveer said: “IncInk was created as a platform to encourage inclusivity through art and we are deeply committed towards making Indian Sign Language (ISL) become the 23rd official language of India.” He added: “This progressive step will create a ripple effect in providing equal access across all areas, from education to employment to entertainment to more than 10 million deaf people in India.” (IANS)

Wildfire Smoke: A Growing Health Problem Worldwide

By Steve Baragona
The world’s worst air this week is not in pollution hot spots like India or China. It’s in the western United States, where record-breaking wildfires are blanketing the region with smoke. Portland, Oregon, has topped the air pollution charts for major cities this week at monitoring company IQAir. com. The San Francisco Bay area on Thursday emerged from 30 consecutive days under an unhealthy-air alert. It’s the longest stretch on record. The previous record was 14 days, also during wildfires in 2018. Follow NewsGram on Quora Space to get answers to all your questions. From the United States to Brazil to Australia to the Arctic, climate change is helping drive an increase in wildfires and the pollution they generate. Scientists know air pollution can be deadly. One major study found exposure to fine particles in air pollution, known as PM2.5, is the fifth-leading risk factor for death worldwide. But studies have looked mostly at lifelong exposure to unhealthy air. Scientists know much less about what lasting impacts to expect from a few days or weeks of breathing wildfire smoke. It’s an area of active study, but big gaps remain, experts say. Want to read more in Hindi? Checkout: जब अजय और इमरान ने लिया था पे कट What’s increasingly concerning is that these huge wildfires are no longer isolated incidents.
Wildfire Smoke a Growing Health Problem
Flames and smoke from the Bobcat Fire are pictured after an evacuation was ordered for the residents of Arcadia, Calif., Sept. 13, 2020. VOA
“We are continuing to see the increase in the duration of these events, the severity of these events and the frequency,” said Keith Bein of the Air Quality Research Center at the University of California-Davis. “The bigger question becomes: [What are the impacts of] being exposed to this every summer for longer and longer periods and higher and higher concentrations?” he said. Those exposures likely add up.

Gases and particles

Smoke from wildfires is made up of gases and particles that can harm health in a number of ways. The ozone that fires generate irritates the eyes, nose and throat. It can trigger inflammatory responses leading to asthma attacks in sensitive people and impacts on other organs. But the more insidious effects come from tiny particles 1/30th the width of a human hair. They are known as PM2.5, shorthand for particulate matter that is 2.5 microns in diameter or smaller. “The reason [PM2.5 is] so damaging to our health is that it’s small enough that it can be inhaled, go all the way through to the base of the lungs and cross over into the bloodstream,” said Mary Prunicki, director of air pollution and health research at the Sean N. Parker Center for Allergy and Asthma Research at Stanford University. “And from there, we know that the particulate matter can cause damage to multiple organ systems.”
Wildfire Smoke a Growing Health Problem
The San Francisco Bay Bridge and city skyline are obscured in orange smoke and haze as seen from Treasure Island in San Francisco, Calif., Sep. 9, 2020. VOA
Air pollution accounts for one-quarter of all fatal heart attacks and strokes worldwide, 29% of all lung cancer deaths, more than two-fifths of deaths from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and one in six fatal lower respiratory infections, according to the World Health Organization. More recently, scientists have been finding links with neurological diseases, including accelerated dementia and Alzheimer’s disease. “I don’t think that there’s an organ in the body that the air pollution is not affecting at this point,” Bein said.

Short term

While these studies have looked at prolonged exposures over years, others have found serious health problems can happen much sooner. In one study, emergency room visits for heart disease, respiratory problems and strokes, and related conditions went up 15% to 20% on smoky days among adults 65 and older. Another study found increases within an hour of exposure.
Wildfire Smoke a Growing Health Problem
Firefighters walk in line during a wildfire in Yucaipa, Calif., Sept. 5, 2020. Three wildfires sent people fleeing, with one trapping campers in the Sierra National Forest, as a heat wave pushed temperatures into triple digits. VOA
The most at risk are the elderly, children, pregnant women and people already dealing with medical problems. But not everyone is affected. Researchers are following groups of survivors of major California fires, studying how their symptoms from smoke exposure progress months later. Also Read: Smoking May Cause Bleeding in the Brain: Study “We have seen that these health symptoms are persisting in some populations far after” the fires, Bein said. “In other populations, they’re not.” Studies are under way that aim to answer some of the key questions about how wildfire smoke affects the body and who is most at risk. “We’ll learn a lot about the health effects, unfortunately, from what’s going on right now,” Stanford’s Prunicki said. (VOA)

Smoking May Cause Bleeding in the Brain: Study

Smoking most likely has a significant share in all cases of subarachnoid haemorrhage, the most fatal type of cerebrovascular disturbances in the brain, warn researchers. The study, published in the journal Stroke, reaffirmed a link between smoking and subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH), a type of bleeding stroke that occurs under the membrane that covers the brain and is frequently fatal. Follow NewsGram on Twitter to stay updated about the World news.
“Our study provides evidence about the link between smoking and bleeding in the brain,”
said study researcher Ilari Rautalin from the University of Helsinki in Finland. This study utilized health care data from the Finnish Twin Cohort, a national database of 32,564 individuals (16,282 same-sex, twin pairs in Finland) who were born before 1958 and alive in 1974, and followed for over 42 years between 1976 and 2018. The researchers sought to clarify the factors involved when only one twin suffered from fatal bleeding in the brain and hypothesised that smoking – the most important environmental risk factor – could play a significant role. Researchers identified 120 fatal bleeding stroke events among the twins, and the strongest link for a fatal brain bleed was found among smokers.
Smoking linked to bleeding in the brain: Study
Heavy and moderate smokers had three times the risk of fatal bleeding in the brain. Unsplash
Data collected from surveys included smoking; high blood pressure (diagnosis or use of antihypertensive medications), physical activity, body mass index, education, and alcohol use. Participants were separated into two groups: smokers (occasional or current) or non-smokers (never and former). Current smokers were classified according to the number of cigarettes smoked per day: light, less than 10; moderate, 10-19; heavy, 20 or more. The analysis of the 120 fatal bleeding events found four fatalities occurred among both twins in two pairs. In the remaining 116 fatalities, one twin died of bleeding in the brain, while the other died of another cause, migrated during the follow-up or was still alive at the end of the study follow-up. Heavy and moderate smokers had three times the risk of fatal bleeding in the brain, while light smokers had slightly less at 2.8 times the risk. Also Read: Wear Eyeglasses to be at a Lower Risk of Contracting Covid-19 According to the study, the median age at the fatal brain bleed was 61.4 years. Risk factors such as high blood pressure, lower physical activity rates and being female were not found to be significant influences in this investigation, unlike prior studies.
“Smoking was associated with fatal bleeding in the brain consistently in both men and women and with bleeding stroke deaths within twin pairs where only one of the twins died from a SAH,”
the study authors wrote. (IANS)

Wear Eyeglasses to be at a Lower Risk of Contracting Covid-19

A small yet significant study from China has found that people who wear eyeglasses may be at a lower risk of contracting Covid-19 as the virus may enter the body via eyes.

The study involving 276 patients hospitalised with Covid-19 in Suizhou, China, found that the proportion of daily wearers of eyeglasses was lower than that of the local population (5.8 per cent vs 31.5 per cent). Follow NewsGram on Facebook to stay updated. “We hypothesized that eyeglasses prevent or discourage wearers from touching their eyes, thus avoiding transferring the virus from the hands to the eyes,” the researchers wrote in a paper published in the journal JAMA Ophthalmology. Studies have shown that normal people will involuntarily touch their eyes about 10 times per hour. Eyes usually lack protection, and an abundance of the SARS-CoV-2 receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 has been found on the ocular surface, through which SARS-CoV-2 can enter the human body.
Wearing eyeglasses may lower the risk of Covid-19: Study
Studies have shown that normal people will involuntarily touch their eyes about 10 times per hour. Unsplash
“SARS-CoV-2 may also be transported to the nasal and nasopharyngeal mucosa through continuous tear irrigation of the lacrimal duct, causing respiratory infection. According to available statistics, nearly 1 per cent to 12 per cent of patients with Covid-19 have ocular manifestations,”
the researchers argued. The novel coronavirus was detected in tears or the conjunctival sacs of patients with Covid-19 and some ophthalmologists were reported to be infected during routine treatment. “Therefore, the eyes are considered an important channel for SARS-CoV-2 to enter the human body. For daily wearers of eyeglasses, who usually wear eyeglasses on social occasions, wearing eyeglasses may become a protective factor, reducing the risk of virus transfer to the eyes and leading to long-term daily wearers of eyeglasses being rarely infected with Covid-19,” said researchers. Presently, many Covid-19 guidelines state the need to pay attention to preventing infections through the eyes, but most people only focus on wearing masks and home isolation, ignoring recommendations such as washing hands frequently and avoiding touching the eyes with the hands. Want to read more in Hindi? Checkout: कश्मीरी पंडितों को जल्द न्याय मिलना चाहिए- जीकेपीडी   The results of this study can be used as evidence of the importance of these two recommendations. The new study “is provocative and raises the possibility that use of eye protection by the general public might offer some degree of protection from COVID-19,” Dr Lisa Maragakis, an associate professor of medicine and epidemiology at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, who was not involved in the study, wrote in an editorial accompanying the study. Maragakis, however, cautioned that the study found only an association and cannot prove a “cause-effect” relationship between wearing glasses and being protected from Covid-19.
Wearing eyeglasses may lower the risk of Covid-19: Study
The proportion of inpatients with Covid-19 who wear eyeglasses for extended daily periods was lower than that of the general population. Unsplash
Also Read: Indians Should be Thankful to Their Genes for Low Mortality Rate: Scientists The numbers of patients who wear eyeglasses and long-term wearers were also limited, which limits the extension of the results to a larger population. Still, the study found that the proportion of inpatients with Covid-19 who wear eyeglasses for extended daily periods was lower than that of the general population, suggesting that daily wear of eyeglasses is associated with less susceptibility to the coronavirus infection. “These findings suggest that the eye may be an important infection route for Covid-19, and more attention should be paid to preventive measures such as frequent hand washing and avoiding touching the eyes.” (IANS)

Another Level Of Security By WhatsApp

WhatsApp is reportedly working on to adding another layer of security via biometric scanning support that will help users secure new sessions on the platform on the Web. According to WABetainfo, a website that tracks WhatsApp in Beta, the mobile messaging platform has dedicated a team to work on making the entire browser service more secure. “One would have to open WhatsApp on their smartphones and scan their fingerprint to initiate the web session of their PC,” the report said on Thursday. Follow NewsGram on Facebook for more updates. 
WhatsApp
WhatsApp processes over 340 million minutes on video calls per day. Unsplash
The new way of logging into WhatsApp’s web and desktop apps has some important advantages — it’s much more secure and a lot faster. It’s not clear though if Face Unlock support will also be added in the future for devices that support 3D Face Unlocks. Also Read: Efficacy of Yoga on Astronauts’ Health Needs to be Explored Further: ISRO Officials The current method of authentication involves using your phone’s camera to scan an on-screen QR code to gain access to your account. In addition, WhatsApp is reportedly bringing a fix for a bug that caused the removal of recently used emojis after the app is updated. The feature has been spotted in WhatsApp 2.20.200.10 beta for Android updates. (IANS)

Men, Women May Experience Similar Rates of Anxiety Due to Job Insecurity

Contrary to the common belief, researchers have found that men and women might experience similar rates of anxiety due to job insecurity. As more people work temporary gigs with little protection or fear layoffs in an unstable economy, job insecurity is on the rise. These stresses understandably contribute to poor mental health and feelings of anxiety. But given gender disparities in the workforce – women are more likely to work temporary jobs and receive lower pay – researchers were curious whether job insecurity affected men and women differently. Follow NewsGram on Twitter to stay updated about the World news. “Public health consequences of job insecurity need to be seriously considered, given that recent changes due to Covid-19 crisis, are likely to result in a higher prevalence of workers, both males and females, feeling threatened by involuntary job loss,” said study researchers from the University of Milano-Bicocca in Italy.
Anxiety rates due to job insecurity similar among men, women
Women are more likely to work temporary jobs and receive lower pay. Unsplash
The study, published in the journal Frontiers in Sociology, analysed data from the European Working Conditions Survey, looking at results from 2005, 2010 and 2015. The survey asked people to what extent they thought they might lose their job in the next six months and whether they had experienced anxiety over the last 12 months. The study found that, in Europe, men and women actually reacted to job insecurity fairly similarly. Female workers reported similar rates of anxiety due to an insecure job to their male counterparts. Want to read more in Hindi? Checkout: कश्मीरी पंडितों को जल्द न्याय मिलना चाहिए- जीकेपीडी   This may be due to trends towards gender egalitarianism in Europe. But while women and men might be affected at similar rates, the researchers said that job insecurity is very much still a real concern. In order to analyse whether the threat of job insecurity was more pronounced in certain European countries due to socioeconomic, cultural, or political variables, the team used multilevel modelling analyses.
Anxiety rates due to job insecurity similar among men, women
While women and men might be affected at similar rates, the researchers said that job insecurity is very much still a real concern. Unsplash
They found few cross-national differences in their results, meaning the relationship between job insecurity and anxiety did not vary between countries. Also Read: Indians Should be Thankful to Their Genes for Low Mortality Rate: Scientists
“The study was limited by the fact that all data were self-reported and taken at a single time point, so cause-and-effect cannot be determined,”
the researchers wrote. The findings have practical implications for both policymakers and employers and suggest that generous and more effective active labour market programmes are needed in order to address perceived job insecurity and its associated mental health challenges. (IANS)

Kids Who Take Steroids to Treat Asthma at Increased Risk for Diabetes: Study

Children who take oral steroids to treat asthma or autoimmune diseases have an increased risk of developing diabetes, high blood pressure, and blood clots, warn researchers.

The study, published in the American Journal of Epidemiology, examined the records of more than 933,000 US children from ages 1 to 18 with or without autoimmune diseases, such as inflammatory bowel disease, juvenile arthritis or psoriasis. Follow NewsGram on Facebook to stay updated. Among those without an autoimmune disease, about two in three children who received prescriptions for steroids had evidence of asthma.
“The rates of diabetes, high blood pressure and blood clots from oral steroids have been studied in large populations of adults,”
said study author Daniel Horton from the Rutgers University in the US. “However, there are reasons to think these findings might be different in children, who not only tend to take steroids differently than adults but also have much lower baseline risks of developing these same cardiovascular and metabolic conditions,” Horton added.
Kids who take steroids at increased risk for diabetes: Study
Among the complications studied, high blood pressure occurred most commonly with steroid treatment.  Unsplash
This study allowed researchers to put numbers on the association between oral steroids and rare, but potentially serious, complications in children. The researchers found that children who were receiving high steroid doses experienced these complications at much higher rates than children taking low doses or who had taken steroids previously. Among the complications studied, high blood pressure occurred most commonly with steroid treatment. All of these complications were more common among children with autoimmune diseases, independent of the steroid effect. Also Read: Indians Should be Thankful to Their Genes for Low Mortality Rate: Scientists “While children receiving high-dose steroiids were at substantially higher risk for developing diabetes, high blood pressure or blood clots relative to children not taking these medicines, the absolute risks of these complications were still small,” Horton said. The vast majority of children taking brief courses of steroids for conditions such as asthma, for instance, will not experience these complications,” the study author noted. (IANS)

Indians Should be Thankful to Their Genes for Low Mortality Rate: Scientists

A study conducted by top genetic experts has revealed that Indians should be thankful to their genes for tiding over the Covid pandemic with a relatively lesser mortality rate as compared to the US and European nations. A team comprising distinguished genetic experts from six institutions, led by Prof Gyaneshwer Chaubey of the Banaras Hindu University, analysed complete DNA data of the Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) gene of X chromosome from various continental populations and found that it is the Indian genes that have protected the population and helped battle the deadly virus.

Follow NewsGram on LinkedIn to know what’s happening around the world. This explains why the mortality rate of Covid-19 has been much higher in European countries and in the US, as compared to India and Southeast Asian countries.
It's in our genes: What is aiding India's low mortality rate
The scientists have provided a possible molecular genetic explanation for why Iranians, Europeans and Americans of European ancestry are at more mortality risk to the novel Coronavirus. Unsplash
The results of the team’s analysis have been published in the internationally renowned journal PLOS ONE, released on Thursday. The scientists have provided a possible molecular genetic explanation for why Iranians, Europeans and Americans of European ancestry are at more mortality risk to the novel Coronavirus than people in India and East Asia, as reflected in the current global distribution of reported Covid-19 cases per 1,00,000 inhabitants. The international team analysed complete DNA data of the ACE2 gene from various continental populations and found that certain mutations in this gene are helping South Asian and East Asian populations in successfully battling the virus and reducing mortality rate in comparison to the US and Europe.
“The ACE2 gene is the gateway point of the Coronavirus and certain genetic mutations of this gene are related to the disease severity,”
said Chaubey. There have been a few initial studies on the ACE2 gene by other research groups, but all of them looked for the presence or absence of various mutations, whereas, this team used more powerful haplotype-based analysis (the method in which experts break the whole length of DNA into several pieces and make comparisons).
“The genetic ancestry of most South Asians can be traced to West Eurasian populations rather than with East Eurasians, whereas for this gene, the result is other way round,”
said Prof. George van Driem of University of Bern, Switzerland, one of the experts on the team in the paper.
It's in our genes: What is aiding India's low mortality rate
An important finding is about two major mutations which are responsible for strengthening the entry point of the Coronavirus among South Asians. Pinterest
In this type of analysis, several DNA fragments are compared rather than few mutations as populations that share more DNA chunks are considered to be closer, said Chaubey. Also Read: Hansal Mehta Feels the Need For More Films on LGBTQ Community “The match of DNA fragments of South Asians with East Asians suggests that the entry gate of Corona virus among South Asians will be more similar to that of East Asians rather than that of Europeans or Americans. This also explains the low mortality rate in South Asia,” he explained. The second important finding is about two major mutations which are responsible for strengthening the entry point of the Coronavirus among South Asians. “Thus, this paper adds important potential implications to understanding the transmission patterns of Coronavirus in various populations across the world,” said Anshika Srivastava, one of the authors of the paper. Rudra Pandey and Prajwal Singh from BHU, Avinash Rasalkar, Pankaj Srivastava from Sagar Central University, Rakesh Tamang from Calcutta University and Pramod Kumar from National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) were also involved in this research. (IANS)

Hansal Mehta Feels the Need For More Films on LGBTQ Community

Filmmaker Hansal Mehta feels we need more films to be made on the LGBTQ community. “There has been an absolute change in our society as well as our cinema regarding LGBTQ people. But I really think that we need to make more films about them, and need to normalise the subject as much as possible,” Mehta told IANS. Follow NewsGram on Twitter to stay updated about the World news. Mehta made the widely applauded “Aligarh” in 2015, which is inspired by the real-life story of a professor who was suspended from his job because of his sexual orientation.
Hansal Mehta: Need more films about LGBTQ community
Filmaker Hansal Mehta made the widely applauded “Aligarh” in 2015. Pinterest
Also Read: Efficacy of Yoga on Astronauts’ Health Needs to be Explored Further: ISRO Officials “From ‘Dostana’ to ‘Kapoor & Sons’, ‘Aligarh’ and ‘Shubh Mangal Zyada Saavdhan’, a lot of films have been made about LGBTQ people. The stories have evolved with time, for sure. Speaking of myself, I always try to tell our stories of our times, of our world. It’s great if we depict society’s reality through films,” Hansal Mehta said. Hansal Mehta is currently directing Rajkummar Rao and Nushrrat Bharuccha in his upcoming film, “Chhalaang”. (IANS)

Smart Drug May Help in Treatment of Neurological Disorders

Scientists have created a smart drug delivery system that reduces inflammation in damaged nervous tissues and may help treat spinal cord injuries and other neurological disorders. The system, which uses extremely thin biomaterials implanted in the body, also protects nerve fibres (axons) that connect nerve cells in injured neural tissues, according to a study in the journal Advanced Materials. Inflammation typically is a major factor during recovery from central nervous system diseases and injuries. Follow NewsGram on Twitter to stay updated about the World news. Some regenerative medicine approaches have shown great potential for treating spinal cord injuries, traumatic brain injuries, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, stroke and other neurological disorders. But suppressing the immune system during treatment can lead to side effects and boost the risk of infection. Want to read more in Hindi? Checkout: जानिए फेसबुक हानिकारक कंटेंट का कैसे पता लगाता है  “A major goal is to suppress neuroinflammation and restore a healthy micro-environment at sites of neurological disorders,” said senior author Ki Bum Lee, Professor at Rutgers University-New Brunswick in the US.
Smart drug system may help in neurological disorders treatment
Some regenerative medicine approaches have shown great potential for treating spinal cord injuries, traumatic brain injuries, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, stroke and other neurological disorders. Unsplash
“Our system took four years to develop and has shown enormous potential for smart drug delivery for better treatment of neurological disorders,” Lee added. The team’s unique drug delivery system consists of ultrathin nanomaterials, sugar polymers and neural proteins. Also Read: Efficacy of Yoga on Astronauts’ Health Needs to be Explored Further: ISRO Officials The system, which releases an anti-inflammatory molecule (methylprednisolone), can create a favourable micro-environment to promote tissue repair and recovery after neurological injury. By developing innovative, multifunctional and reliable drug delivery systems that use nano-bio materials, Lee’s research group aims to improve the treatment of neurological disorders. The team believes the new system may pave the way for treating not only central nervous system injuries but also other diseases, since inflammation is generally associated with a variety of problems such as cardiovascular disease, osteoarthritis, diabetes and cancer. (IANS)

Efficacy of Yoga on Astronauts’ Health Needs to be Explored Further: ISRO Officials

India’s human space flight programme will be a sustained activity and will not end just with Gaganyaan mission – the country’s first human space mission, said senior officials of the Indian Space Research Organisation. The officials also said apart from innovative engineering and technological solutions for a sustained human space programme, the efficacy of yoga on astronauts’ health and the protective capabilities of wonder spices ginger and turmeric will have to be explored further. Follow NewsGram on LinkedIn to know what’s happening around the world. Looking beyond Gaganyaan, the Indian space agency is looking at setting up crew training facilities, inflatable space habitat, rendezvous and docking, space station building, long duration manned space travel, telerobotics, artificial intelligence and spin-offs to the society, S. Unnikrishnan Nair, Director, Human Space Flight Centre, part of ISRO said on Thursday.
'Efficacy of yoga, ginger, turmeric for astronauts needs to be studied'
Under the Gaganyaan mission, India plans to send three astronauts into space in 2022. Unsplash
He was speaking at the space sector conference ‘Ushering the new era in Indian Space Sector’ organised by Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) in association with Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), Antrix Corporation Limited and supported by NewSpace India Limited (NSIL). Unnikrishnan said the space agency is working seriously on the inflatable habitat that can be used in space as well as at high altitudes – for defence personnel – and also for use during natural disasters. Under the Gaganyaan mission, India plans to send three astronauts into space in 2022. They will orbit in space at about 400 kms above the earth for five to seven days and then return back. Want to read more in Hindi? Checkout: जानिए फेसबुक हानिकारक कंटेंट का कैसे पता लगाता है  Prior to that, there will be two unmanned space missions to test the rocket and the crew module systems. According to Unnikrishnan, presently the astronaut life support systems; orbital module development; recovery and rehabilitation of the astronaut; coordination with academia and industry and other collaborations are being undertaken. He said four Indian Air Force pilots are undergoing basic astronaut training in Russia and they will be back by March next year and undergo Gaganyaan-specific training in India. Unnikrishnan said the Indian industry will be contributing in a rich way in realising various simulators for the training. He said parachutes, crew escape systems and other tests will be done before the first unmanned flight. According to V.R. Lalithambika, Director, Human Space Flight Programme, several research and development (R&D) activities have to be undertaken now to have a sustained manned mission programme. She said the R&D should be done in multiple domains like engineering, human-centric and life sciences. Lalithambika said apart from advanced materials, polymers, optics, robotics and others have immense potential for industries.
'Efficacy of yoga, ginger, turmeric for astronauts needs to be studied'
According to V.R. Lalithambika, Director, Human Space Flight Programme, several research and development (R&D) activities have to be undertaken now to have a sustained manned mission programme. Pinterest
She also said being confined in an isolated environment with limited communication with the outside world may lead to psychological issues for astronauts. Also Read: Astronomers Find First Possible Intact Planet Orbiting White Dwarf Star The efficacy of yoga and the Indian system of traditional medicine to mitigate some of these effects and the potential protective capabilities of some of our wonder spices like turmeric and ginger in the space environment would also need to be explored further. Lalithambika also said it could lead to large scale commercial benefits on earth. According to her, the sustained human space flight programme will offer space travel opportunities for experts in other fields like academic, industrial research specialists and others. (IANS)

Astronomers Find First Possible Intact Planet Orbiting White Dwarf Star

Using data from NASA missions, an international team of astronomers has found what may be the first intact planet orbiting a white dwarf, the dense leftover of a Sun-like star, only 40 per cent larger than Earth.

The Jupiter-size object, called WD 1856 b, is about seven times larger than the white dwarf, named WD 1856+534. It circles this stellar cinder every 34 hours, more than 60 times faster than Mercury orbits our Sun. “WD 1856 b somehow got very close to its white dwarf and managed to stay in one piece,” said lead researcher Andrew Vanderburg, Assistant Professor of Astronomy at the University of Wisconsin-Madison in the US. Follow NewsGram on Twitter to stay updated about the World news.
“The white dwarf creation process destroys nearby planets, and anything that later gets too close is usually torn apart by the star’s immense gravity. We still have many questions about how WD 1856 b arrived at its current location without meeting one of those fates.”
For the study that appeared in the journal Nature, the researchers used NASA’s Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) and retired Spitzer Space Telescope. TESS monitors large swathes of the sky, called sectors, for nearly a month at a time. Want to read more in Hindi? Checkout: प्रयागराज कुम्भ का फार्मूला उत्तराखंड कुम्भ में भी इस्तेमाल किया जाएगा This long gaze allows the satellite to find exoplanets, or worlds beyond our solar system, by capturing changes in stellar brightness caused when a planet crosses in front of, or transits, its star.
First possible 'survivor' planet found orbiting white dwarf star
It orbits a cool, quiet white dwarf that is roughly 18,000 kilometres across, may be up to 10 billion years old. Pinterest
The satellite spotted WD 1856 b about 80 light-years away in the northern constellation Draco.  It orbits a cool, quiet white dwarf that is roughly 18,000 kilometres across, may be up to 10 billion years old, and is a distant member of a triple star system. Also Read: Food for Paws: An Initiative to Provide Sustenance to Strays Across India When a Sun-like star runs out of fuel, it swells up to hundreds to thousands of times its original size, forming a cooler red giant star. Eventually, it ejects its outer layers of gas, losing up to 80 per cent of its mass. The remaining hot core becomes a white dwarf. Any nearby objects are typically engulfed and incinerated during this process, which in this system would have included WD 1856 b in its current orbit. The researchers estimate the possible planet must have originated at least 50 times farther away from its present location. The team observed the system in the infrared using Spitzer, just a few months before the telescope was decommissioned. (IANS)

Depression Needs to be Treated Like Any Other Illness: Gulshan Devaiah

Actor Gulshan Devaiah says the problem with accepting depression as a disease is that a lot of people consider it to be a state of mind. “There is a problem with accepting depression as a disease because most people think depression is a state of mind, or it is an emotion. Like, if I proposed to a girl and she turned me down and I say ‘I am depressed’, and (treat) depression as a state of mind,” Gulshan told IANS. Follow NewsGram on Quora Space to get answers to all your questions.
“Depression is used as an expression to express something. But when you are diagnosed with depression, by a mental health practitioner or by a certified doctor, then that is an illness. It needs to be treated like any other illness like cancer or tuberculosis,”
he added. Gulshan feels depression has to be treated, “some without medication and some with medication”. “There are many people who take heavy medication for depression or are undergoing treatment,” he said.
Gulshan Devaiah: Depression is used as an expression
Gulshan feels depression has to be treated, “some without medication and some with medication”. Unsplash
Also Read: Food for Paws: An Initiative to Provide Sustenance to Strays Across India The actor continued: “First and foremost, you have to accept that it’s an illness, then your attitude will change. I’m telling you (because) I tried to pep talk about a friend of mine who was institutionalised depressed, and he was put in a mental institution, no amount of philosophy made any difference to him because it’s an illness.” “Everybody thinks it is a state of mind and a little bit of philosophy (might) work. It does work, but you have to accept it as an illness. First, we need to get that acceptance, the causes can vary,” said the actor, who has appeared in films like “Shaitan”, “Goliyon Ki Raasleela Ram-Leela”, “Hunterrr”, “A Death In The Gunj” and “Mard Ko Dard Nahi Hota”. (IANS)

Pollution May Increase Stroke Risk in AFib Patients: Study

People with one of the most common heart disorders or atrial fibrillation (AFib) who are exposed to greater levels of pollution have a 1.2-fold higher risk of stroke than their peers who live with less pollution, say researchers. For the study, published in the journal JAMA Network Open, the research team followed more than 31,000 people living in Allegheny County since 2007 with atrial fibrillation. “We measured pollution exposure at people’s doorsteps by using geocoding and then determined their annual exposure to particulate matter. This approach and the sample size make our study particularly powerful,” said study author Jared W Magnani, from the University of Pittsburgh in the US.
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“We can use this information to guide our patients by advising them to limit exposure to pollution. For example, we can notify those with atrial fibrillation to avoid being outside on days with unhealthy air quality, which may reduce their risk of stroke,”
Magnani added. Using suitcase-sized air pollution monitors mounted on telephone poles, the team was able to measure the exact levels of fine particulate pollution. The researchers found that stroke risk steadily increased with higher daily exposure to air pollution. People with AFib are already at five times the risk of stroke, so the additional risk posed by fine particulate pollution is particularly concerning, the study noted.
Pollution exposure may up stroke risk in people with AFib
The researchers found that stroke risk steadily increased with higher daily exposure to air pollution. Unsplash
“Our results advance the understanding of how air pollution impacts public health and strengthens the argument for continued advocacy to curb pollution,” Magnani said.
“Fine particulate pollution is very small — it is able to get into our bodies through our lungs and into our bloodstream where it can trigger heart events,”
he added. The team went on to examine the impact of pollution on different demographic and socioeconomic groups. They found that fine particulate exposure is 1.5-fold higher in blacks compared to whites, and 1.3-fold higher in those living below poverty line versus above. Also Read: Food for Paws: An Initiative to Provide Sustenance to Strays Across India “Our study indicates the importance of modifying pollution as a risk factor for adverse health outcomes,” the study authors wrote. The researchers noted that future research will explore how individual factors — such as physical activity, diet, health care access and medication — might interact with pollution levels to modify stroke risk for people with AFib. (IANS)

Training, Equipping Children With Appropriate First-Aid Knowledge

By Puja Gupta It seems like one cannot get through a day without receiving messages, or watching the news reports of an untoward situation evolving a medical emergency. For parents, their childs health and safety is the number one priority and they are often worried about emergencies their child could face. A little training and understanding of emergency situations will help minimise the impact of an emergency on the entire family, whether at home or outdoors. Training and equipping children with appropriate first aid knowledge certainly comes in handy, so they are prepared irrespective of the presence of an adult. Follow NewsGram on Twitter to stay updated about the World news. The first step is to prepare a family communication plan for any sort of emergency that parents and kids can tackle together and separately. Second is to prep your kids, and yourself to be prepared for an emergency in a way that it is easy to tackle the crisis when it occurs. Dr Gurudutt Bhat, Consultant Paediatrician, Fortis Hospital, Kalyan lists down what your emergency preparedness plan should look like:

BEING ALERT:

It is common to be easily distracted, one could walk right into a hazardous situation. First and foremost, it is important to limit the time we spend on our phones and be cognizant of our surroundings. Teach your kids to be alert of the people and situations around them; if they hear or see any unfamiliar sounds or occurrences to make note and inform a family member.
Prepping children to help during a medical emergency
Teach your children to handle the First-Aid Kit items and use them in a demonstration.
Unsplash

KNOWLEDGE OF FIRST AID KIT:

Although some children may not be old enough to know how to use a First-Aid Kit, they can still be taught essential skills for when emergencies do happen. Show them where the First-Aid Kit is kept in your home. Give details of each item and purpose; have your children handle the items and use them in a demonstration, creating made-up scenarios that might warrant the used of the supplies stored in the kit

CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION (CPR) TRAINING:

It is never too late to learn lifesaving techniques such as CPR, and training your young ones could help save a loved one. Speak to them about how CPR can help someone and when to use it. You can use different props such as a balloon to make the training fun. Acting out potential emergency scenarios and challenging kids to problem-solve their way through them will make sure they can carry out the training when the time comes. Most of the studies suggests that children above 14 yrs can be taught effective CPR and generate enough force to do cardiac massage on an adult in an emergency situation. Also Read: Food for Paws: An Initiative to Provide Sustenance to Strays Across India

EMERGENCY CONTACT NUMBERS:

While you hope your child never has to deal with an emergency medical situation, it’s important they know what to do in case they ever find themselves facing one. Talk to them about it and define what a medical emergency is. Explain to them that these are not things that happen on a daily basis and that they rarely happen at all, but that they need to know what to do in case something like one of the scenarios happens. Make them memorise a few emergency numbers/ write it down for them and teach them how to dial a phone. These are some measures which will go a long way to keep kids and adults safe in today’s chaotic world. Try not to over-prepare your child and always teach them to be hyper-vigilant. This way they will learn what they need to do if a real emergency arises and navigate it themselves, with little or no support from the adults. (IANS)

Benedict Kujur: A Teacher who Trained Jharkhand Tribals in Hockey

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By Nityanand Shukla A government-aided minority school teacher in Jharkhand epitomises the saying ‘where there is a will, there is a way’. Benedict Kujur has trained a number of girls and boys who went on to represent India in the national hockey team. Kujur never led the odds pitted against him daunt him. He was posted as teacher and went on to become the principal at a minority-run primary school in Karangaguri village of Jharkhand’s Simdega district. Follow NewsGram on Twitter to stay updated about the World news. The village is located in a remote area where common people are deprived of even basic amenities. The school was initially till fifth class and later it was extended to class eight.
A teacher who led a hockey revolution among tribals in Jharkhand
Many players trained at this school in Jharkhand have played at the district and state levels. 
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“In 2003, when I was posted to Karangaguri village, I decided to organise sports. Initially, the students were not interested and even the parents were indifferent. I called a meeting of parents and tried to create awareness about sports,” Kujur told IANS. He said, “After many attempts, the parents agreed to let their wards participate in sports. I made the sports class mandatory for everyone. Hockey was the only option. We started hockey training for students. Skill development among students was my agenda. While imparting them the skills, we faced an enormous resource crunch,” he says. But he found ways to transcend all difficulties. The hockey sticks were made of bamboo. Even a hockey ball wasn’t available. A ‘Sharifa’ fruit came in handy as a ball. Later a ball made of bamboo was used in the training sessions. Want to read more in Hindi? Checkout: प्रयागराज कुम्भ का फार्मूला उत्तराखंड कुम्भ में भी इस्तेमाल किया जाएगा The biggest problem was skill development. “We used to hold two sessions besides mandatory classes in the school. The first session for training was in the morning and second in the evening. While getting involved in skill development, we focused on exercises. Students were asked to run on river sand beds and even climb hills. As the area is really backward, proper diet was not available,” said Kujur. In a short period, the school became a nursery for hockey talent. Many players trained at this school have played at the district and state levels. Most of those who played in the national team were women. Now the school is getting assistance from many NGOS and other benefactors. Now hockey sticks and hockey balls are available for students.
A teacher who led a hockey revolution among tribals in Jharkhand
Beauty Dundung, who played for India in 2019 appreciates the contribution of Benedict Kujur in her career. (Representational Image). Unsplash
The girls who went on to play at the national and international level include Beauty Dundung, Sushma Kumari, Alka Dundung, Deepika Soreng and Pink Ekka. Kujur was transferred to Jaldega in 2016. Till then the school had become a hockey powerhouse. Also Read: Food for Paws: An Initiative to Provide Sustenance to Strays Across India Beauty Dundung, who played for India in 2019 appreciates the contribution of Benedict Kujur in her career. “It was mandatory for us to bring hockey sticks. When we failed to go with hockey sticks then we were scolded by Principal sir. We used to play with bamboo sticks in school. I have played many matches against many countries, including Australia. The skills imparted by Sir help us in international hockey as well,” Dundung told IANS. Appreciating his work, Manoj Kumar, Secretary of Simdega hockey Association, said “70 per cent of Jharkhand’s hockey players come from the school which was trained by the Benedict Kujur. Six players have played at the international level. The school provides basic skill training to students for hockey who later find it easy to play anywhere.” Jharkhand has a rich history of producing hockey champions. Even iconic player Jaipal Singh Munda belonged to Jharkhand. (IANS)

This Antibody Therapy Can Cut Covid-19 Hospitalisation Risk

Raising hope of Covid-19 treatment at an early stage, an antibody therapy has been found to quickly reduce SARS-CoV-2 viral load in newly infected patients and cut hospitalisation risk, US-based pharmaceutical company Eli Lilly said, while revealing interim results of a clinical trial. The Phase 2 study of the BLAZE-1 clinical trial evaluated LY-CoV555, a SARS-CoV-2 neutralising antibody, for the treatment of symptomatic Covid-19 in the outpatient setting, the company said on Wednesday. The trial enrolled mild-to-moderate recently diagnosed Covid-19 patients across four groups –placebo, 700 mg, 2800 mg, and 7000 mg.
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Analyses of viral data demonstrated that LY-CoV555 improved viral clearance at an earlier time point — day 3 — and reduced the proportion of patients with persistently high viral load at later time points. Most study hospitalisations occurred in patients with underlying risk factors — age or body mass index (BMI) — suggesting a more pronounced treatment effect for patients in these higher-risk groups. Ongoing studies will seek to confirm this finding, the drugmaker said.
Antibody treatment found to cut Covid hospitalisation risk
Most study hospitalisations occurred in patients with underlying risk factors like age or body mass index (BMI). Unsplash
Across all treatment groups, including placebo, no patients progressed to mechanical ventilation or died, the results showed. Exploratory analyses indicated a more rapid improvement in symptoms for patients treated with LY-CoV555 versus placebo, supporting the hospitalisation effect. The treatment was well-tolerated, with no drug-related serious adverse events reported.
“These interim data from the BLAZE-1 trial suggest that LY-CoV555, an antibody specifically directed against SARS-CoV-2, has a direct antiviral effect and may reduce Covid-related hospitalisations,”
Daniel Skovronsky, Lilly’s chief scientific officer and president of Lilly Research Laboratories, said in a statement.
“The results reinforce our conviction that neutralising antibodies can help in the fight against Covid-19.”
The company said it intends to quickly publish the results of this interim analysis in a peer-reviewed journal and discuss appropriate next steps with global regulators.
Antibody treatment found to cut Covid hospitalisation risk
The treatment was well-tolerated, with no drug-related serious adverse events reported. (Representational Image). Unsplash
If proved to be effective in further analyses, this could be the first potential treament for Covid-19 patients with mild and moderate level of severity. Also Read: Food for Paws: An Initiative to Provide Sustenance to Strays Across India This is because the drug remdesivir and the steroid dexamethasone have been found to be helpful in treatment of patients with serious illness. The BLAZE-1 clinical trial remains ongoing, testing LY-CoV555 in combination with a second Lilly antibody, LY-CoV016, which binds a different epitope in the SARS-CoV-2 spike region.A The trial is currently enrolling a larger, confirmatory cohort of higher risk patients, testing the ability of the antibody combination to reduce the number of patients with persistently high viral load and reduce Covid-related hospitalisations. (IANS)

Food for Paws: An Initiative to Provide Sustenance to Strays Across India

Zomato Feeding India, the India chapter of Zomato Feeding Foundation, has launched Food for Paws – an initiative to provide sustenance to strays across the country. As a part of its ‘Food for Paws’ initiative, it will create kits containing rice, water, dry food, eggs, and turmeric required for a stray for an entire month. These components have been designed in consultation with a veterinarian. Each kit costs Rs 150 and can support one animal with one meal each day for a month. Follow NewsGram on Twitter to stay updated about the World news. Speaking about the campaign, Chaitanya Mathur, Head- Zomato Feeding India said:”Zomato Feeding India has always been at the forefront solving for hunger. Our purpose of �food for all’ allows us to widen our purview and find more avenues of bringing an incremental change in society. India alone has over 30-35 million stray animals that do not have the right sources to food. With Food for Paws, our aim is to prioritise their health and create a better structure for animal welfare across the country. Every contribution made for our cause would ensure care, sustenance and medical support towards these homeless strays.” Want to read more in Hindi? Checkout: क्या बिकरू में विकास दुबे के भूत का साया है?  It will use 100 percent proceeds in procuring and distributing kits. It has partnered with several NGOs on ground who will ensure their safe distribution and brands like Pet Sutra, Just Dogs, Kennel Kitchen, FreshWoof – Urban Tails Pvt Ltd, and Poochles India among others to procure quality ingredients for the kit.
Food for Paws
Ashish Anthony, Founder and Director, Just Dogs shared: “Stray dogs being scavengers depend on leftover food found on the streets to survive which does not prove to be balanced enough for their nutritional requirements.” Pexels
“We have been taking care of homeless animals for seven years. We have limited resources, and often have to choose between feeding all of them or investing in their medical care. This partnership with Zomato Feeding India for ‘Food for Paws’ will solve this dilemma for us. We look forward to working with a partner that can help us maximise our impact,” added Dr Aditi Badam, Founder-Posh foundation. Also Read: All You Need to Know About Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome Ashish Anthony, Founder and Director, Just Dogs shared: “Stray dogs being scavengers depend on leftover food found on the streets to survive which does not prove to be balanced enough for their nutritional requirements. Generally, most people end up feeding them biscuits or boiled rice and roti which can lead to health issues at times. So, we at Just Dogs Foundation have been feeding strays near our vicinity either a portion of balanced dog food or a mix that contains dog food which comparatively helps strays have a healthy life as they too have a right to lead a good and healthy life. Just Dogs supports the Food for Paws movement as we would also like to do our bit to contribute to giving strays a good and healthy life that they deserve.” Food for Paws will begin with Delhi NCR, Bangalore, Chennai, Kolkata, Mumbai and Pune in the first phase. (IANS)

All You Need to Know About Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

By Siddhi Jain According to experts, one in five women can suffer from Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome or PCOS, which means, there may be several women around you at the risk of problems ranging from menstrual irregularities to complications in pregnancy. Gynaecologists stress on the importance of a healthy diet, exercise, and maintaining optimum weight to battle the condition. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is a hormonal disorder in reproductive-age women. It is a common in women with infertility problems. Follow NewsGram on Quora Space to get answers to all your questions. “Women suffer from PCOS due to excessive androgen production which is a male like hormone and inefficiency of insulin hormone to process sugars. This gets triggered by stress, sedentary lifestyle and excessive carbohydrate and trans fats based diets, and indiscriminate use of hormones. It can be heredity and is more prevalent in Asian ethnicity. The ovaries produce abnormally high levels of androgen, causing hirsutism and acne. Women having PCOS may suffer from diabetes, heart, and blood vessel problems. Irregular menses and having polycystic ovaries can be the signs of it” highlights Dr Girija Wagh, Obstetrician and Gynaecologist, Apollo Spectra Hospital, Pune.
“Add fiber to your diet to lower the insulin levels and enhance the health of your gut. Eat seeds, berries, legumes, flax seeds, and whole grains. Opt for grilled chicken, salmon, fish, beans, tofu, shrimp, and tuna. Try avocado, quinoa, brown rice, kale, and spinach. Women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome are at a higher risk of type-2 diabetes. A low-GI diet can help in weight loss and improve insulin sensitivity. Eat nuts, seeds, fruits, vegetables, and low-carbohydrate foods. Avoid sweets, processed foods, saturated and trans fats. Your doctor may prescribe medication to reduce acne or hair growth and help you with PCOS,” said Dr Wagh.
All You Need to Know About Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
Older women suffering from Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome may take a long time to get pregnant compare to other women. Unsplash
“Of all women in the reproductive age 18 to 35 years, 15-20 percent suffer from polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). While younger women age 15 years to 25 years, 25 percent may suffer from irregular periods, experience hirsutism (unwanted male-pattern hair growth) and obesity, in the slightly older age group, it may lead to infertility, risk of miscarriages, and pregnancy complications. Conceiving a baby and maintaining a pregnancy can be difficult with PCOS. Around every third woman who comes to seek help from a fertility expert, has a PCOS problem. It is also common in women suffering from obesity. An ideal Body Mass Index (BMI) is 25 but when one is obese, the BMI goes over 27-28 and this becomes worrisome. PCOS is a lifelong health condition but one can manage it with healthy eating habits, physical activity, and weight loss,” explained Dr Bharati Dhorepatil, Fertility Consultant, Nova IVF Fertility, Pune. Also Read: How is PM Modi’s Birthday Related to National Unemployment Day? All You Need To Know Dr Dhorepatil added,”Older women suffering from Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome may take a long time to get pregnant compare to other women. Being overweight reduces fertility and can contribute to women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome taking longer to conceive. Fertility treatment can be helpful for women who want to embrace motherhood. In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF) is one of the types of assisted reproductive technology (ART) that is given using a combination of medicines and surgical procedures in order to get pregnant.” Women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome should consult an IVF expert and choose the right treatment accordingly. (IANS)

How is PM Modi’s Birthday Related to National Unemployment Day? All You Need To Know

Seva Saptah, week-long celebrations given PM Narendra Modi’s birthday were launched by BJP from Sept 14-20. Prime Minister Narendra Modi turned 70 on September 17, Thursday. A large number of people praised PM Modi for his efforts in curbing the Novel Coronavirus across India and for handling the India-China situation along with all other responsibilities. WHO, not long ago, had also lauded PM Modi’s hard and timely decisions in wake of the Covid-19 pandemic crisis and had said that India is in a better position compared to other advanced nations. Follow NewsGram on Twitter to stay updated about the World news. But, contrastingly, a section of Twitter users has marked September 17 as National Unemployment Day and the trend has been going viral since then.

And this is how National Unemployment Day (Rashtriya Berojgar Diwas) is related to PM Modi’s birthday:

The hashtag Rashtriya Berojgar Diwas or National Unemployment Day marks as a protest against the high unemployment rates in the country and to highlight the government’s failure to create jobs and provide employment as per an article on DNA.
How is PM Modi's Birthday Related to National Unemployment Day? All You Need To Know
Netizens on Twitter, using hashtags, slammed the Indian government on the growing high unemployment rate.
(Representational Image). Pexels
According to the National Statistical Office (NSO) report, India’s April-June quarter GDP contracted by 23.9%. This is the first contraction in more than 40 years.The number of unemployed people is likely to increase because of mainly two reasons:
  1. Indian people are failing to find jobs.
  2. Already employed people are likely to lose their jobs because of the lockdown imposed in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Also Read: Indian Temples and Jhandis in the Caribbean: Interview with HC of India to Trinidad and Tobago Congress leader Rahul Gandhi tweeted, hitting out at the Centre over the issue of the growing rate of unemployment in India amid the economic crisis. To add on to this, netizens on Twitter, using hashtags, slammed the Indian government on the growing high unemployment rate. They are also asking the government to increase employment opportunities for people.