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Hopes of Rolling Personal Robots into Homes Still not Coming True

The latest casualty was San Francisco startup Anki, maker of the playful toy robot Cozmo, which upon its release in 2016 seemed like the start of a new wave of sociable machines

personal robots
FILE- Anki's Cozmo coding robot is on display at CES International in Las Vegas, Jan. 10, 2018. Cozmo, which debuted in 2016, could be linked with an app called Code Lab that allowed users to drag and drop blocks of code that controlled its movements. VOA

Hopes that the tech industry was on the cusp of rolling personal robots into homes are dimming now that several once-promising consumer robotics companies have shut down.

The latest casualty was San Francisco startup Anki, maker of the playful toy robot Cozmo, which upon its release in 2016 seemed like the start of a new wave of sociable machines.

That dream ended this week when Anki CEO and co-founder Boris Sofman gathered many of the company’s nearly 200 employees to deliver the news that all of them would be laid off Wednesday. The bad news soon spread to fans and owners of Cozmo and its newer cousin Vector, unveiled last year in an effort to appeal to grown-ups.

personal robots
FILE – Anki Inc. CEO Boris Sofman holds Vector, the company’s newest home robot, in New York, July 30, 2018. VOA

“Cozmo was the first robot that felt almost alive,” said David Schaefer, a programmer and robot enthusiast in Portland, Oregon, who was so enamored with the feisty machine that he created a “Life with Cozmo” channel on YouTube that’s attracted millions of viewers. One of the most popular videos, called “Unrequited Love,” documents Cozmo’s awkward interactions with a guinea pig.

Anki’s demise was part of a string of failed efforts to launch life-like robots into the market. Boston-based Jibo, founded by one of the pioneers of social robotics, went out of business less than a year after its curvy talking speaker made the cover of Time Magazine’s “best inventions” edition.

personal robots, robotics
FILE – Massachusetts Institute of Technology robotics researcher Cynthia Breazeal, left, stands next to social robot Jibo, right, at the company’s headquarters in Boston, Nov. 21, 2017. VOA

Another startup, California-based Mayfield Robotics, last year stopped manufacturing Kuri, a camera-equipped machine marketed as a watchful roving nanny.

None of them have been able to compete with immobile smart speakers made by Amazon, Apple and Google, which cost less than their more physically complex robotic counterparts but are powered by ever-improving artificial-intelligence systems that serve most users’ needs.

“AI without a body has caught on really well,” said Yan Fossat, head of the research lab at Toronto-based Klick Health, which is exploring social robotics in the medical field. “Physical robots, with a body to do something, are not really catching up.” They cost too much for the marginal service they offer, he said.

personal robots, robotics
FILE – Mayfield Robotics’ Kuri home robot is surrounded by attendees during CES Unveiled at CES International in Las Vegas, Jan. 7, 2018. VOA

Still, Anki got farther than most of its robotics hardware peers in appealing to the masses with an emotionally intelligent machine that cost hundreds of dollars less than Jibo, Kuri or Sony’s robotic dog Aibo.

“You cannot sell a robot for $800 or $1,000 that has capabilities of less than an Alexa,” Sofman told The Associated Press last year. He and other company leaders declined comment Tuesday, but a spokesman said the company was “exploring all options to keep our products functioning and cloud services running.”

The company reported about $100 million in annual revenue in 2017, and as of last year had sold more than 1.5 million products, including its robots and the car-racing game Overdrive.

personal robots, robotics
FILE – The Aibo robot dog is on display at the Sony booth after a news conference at CES International in Las Vegas, Jan. 8, 2018. VOA

“It does feel a little devastating,” said Schaefer, who this week started the Twitter hashtag #SaveAnki in hopes that a bigger tech company or toy maker might acquire it. “Anki took steps toward robotics that other companies haven’t tried yet.”

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Tech industry analyst Carolina Milanesi was also saddened by Anki’s demise, but a premonition of the company’s fate was the Cozmo sitting idly on her daughter’s nightstand for the past six months. The toy market is unforgiving, and Anki may have been unable to extend its reach beyond it, she said.

“There’s hype at the beginning, you have very engaged kids, and then they move onto something else,” Milanesi said. “Kids grow up. She’s now 11 and ‘Fortnite’ is everything that matters to her in life.” (VOA)

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Robot Assisted Surgery is Linked to The Cost of The Equipment

Robotic assisted surgery has much better postoperative outcomes, but its widespread adoption depends a lot on the reduction in the cost of the equipment

robotics, surgery, cost-effective, equipment
William Beaumont Army Medical Center performs the first robotic surgery in the Department of Defense using the latest robotic state-of-the-art robotic surgical system, a minimally-invasive robotic surgery system, at WBAMC, May 2. The surgeon-manipulated system allows for surgeons to operate with articulating instruments which bend and rotate far greater than the human wrist through an incision smaller than a centimetre. Wikimedia Commons

Robot assisted surgery has much better postoperative outcomes, but its widespread adoption depends a lot on the reduction in the cost of the equipment, say experts.

While the high cost of a robot, which may range between Rs 6-14 crore approximately, may prevent many hospitals from bringing these advanced technologies for the benefit of patients, training of doctors in carrying out these procedures is equally important.

The US based-Vattikuti Foundation has helped prepare 300 robotic surgeons in India since 2011 by bringing in nearly 150 internationally acclaimed experts in the area to hold master classes, performing and observing live robotic surgeries in eight specialities.

“India has over 300 trained robotic surgeons in eight specialities — gastrointestinal, urology, oncology, head and neck, thoracic, gynaecology, general surgery and bariatric,” Mahendra Bhandari, CEO, Vattikuti Foundation, told IANS.

“Patients in India are willingly opting for robotic surgeries for their treatments. Not only patients, young surgeons are leaving the old way (conventional surgeries) and they want to be a robotic orthopaedic surgeon now,” said Bhandari, while addressing orthopaedic surgeons at a master class on computer-assisted joint replacement surgery here on Saturday.

Mahak Baid, an orthopaedic surgeon from Kolkata said that even though robotic-assisted surgery is an advancement, the only thing that needs to be worked upon is cost-effectiveness.

“In a country like India, robotic surgery has to be economically viable. The robot itself costs a lot. So it is not just about the patients, it has to be economically feasible for the hospital as well,” he added.

However, the doctor said robotic surgeries will eventually grow in India.

“I have been using MAKO robots for the last two years and I’m extremely happy with the results. we’re able to do total hips, total knee and partial knee replacements. With robotics, we can do enhanced pre-planning much better than conventional methods,” Thadi Mohan from Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kerala, told IANS.

“After the robotic surgeries, patients recover faster. Chances of revision become much less. Implants will last longer. There is also a change in the mindset of people as there are now a good number of trained surgeons,” he said.

robotics, surgery, cost-effective, equipment
The only thing holding back robotic-assisted surgeries in India are easy availability. It may take time but eventually it will become cheap and then more people will be able to use it. Wikimedia Commons

“The only thing holding back robotic-assisted surgeries in India are easy availability. It may take time but eventually it will become cheap and then more people will be able to use it,” he stressed.

Bhandari urged global medical devices and pharma firms to bring their technology to the Indian market expeditiously so that the Indian patients do not have to wait for decades to be able to access the most advanced technology, drugs and implants.

When asked about the future of robotics in India, Brian Davis, Professor of Medical Robotics at Imperial College London told IANS that it cannot grow overnight.

“Many of Indian orthopaedic surgeons have been overseas and trained in countries where high-tech systems are quite normal, so they come in and act as mentor for junior Indian surgeons. So, it’s gradually going to come about that you will have more and more experienced mentors but it’s going to take a while,” Davis added.

Many of the orthopaedic surgeons at the conference said that robotics-assisted bone replacement surgeries are far better and safer because of its consistency and precision than the conventional methods.

Joint replacement surgeons cited published studies that revealed that computer-assisted total knee arthroplasty leads to significantly lower blood loss, infections, inflammation and need for revision surgeries.

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“The cost is major factor and rightly so. It takes years to develop this kind of technologies. So by the time they come in practice, the machine costs a lot. Naturally robotic companies with huge investment want to recover their money and India and other developing countries are not their priamary market, Bhandari said.

“The Vattikuti Foundation tries to bring these technologies once they are established. Our model is that we want to exploit the high volumes of the patients in low margins in order to make it cost-effective. And cost should not be major consideration while using a technology, cost is bound to come down the moment the technology used by more and more people,” he said. (IANS)