Sunday September 22, 2019

Know Which Hormone in Female Protects Them From Liver Cancer!

Inhibiting testosterone production in male rodents increased their adiponectin levels and reduced tumour growth. 

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Balversa is the first approved drug in a class known as FGFR inhibitors that targets growth factor receptors involved in cell growth and division. Pixabay

Researchers have discovered that a hormone — present at higher levels in women — can keep them away from liver cancer, suggesting the disease is more common in men.

The study showed that a potential contributor to this gender disparity is adiponectin, a hormone secreted by fat cells that helps control the body’s metabolism.

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Importantly, the study suggested that adiponectin and metformin — a common antidiabetic drug — could be used as novel treatments for liver cancer. Pixabay

The hormone activates two proteins inside liver cells, known as p38 and AMPK, that block cell proliferation and impair tumour growth, said the study, published in the Journal of Experimental Medicine.

“Circulating adiponectin levels have been reported to be higher in women than in men,” said Guadalupe Sabio at the Spanish National Center for Cardiovascular Research (CNIC) in Spain.

Similar to humans, male mice are more also prone to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) — the most common form of liver cancer — than females, as the increased levels of adiponectin in female mice protect them from HCC, the study said.

liver
The study showed that a potential contributor to this gender disparity is adiponectin, a hormone secreted by fat cells that helps control the body’s metabolism. Pixabay

Inhibiting testosterone production in male rodents increased their adiponectin levels and reduced tumour growth.

Importantly, the study suggested that adiponectin and metformin — a common antidiabetic drug — could be used as novel treatments for liver cancer.

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Sabio said that adiponectin’s role in HCC is controversial and needed further investigation.

Liver cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. (IANS)

 

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Kerala Infrastructure and Technology for Education (KITE) Decides To Train Mothers in Technology

The Kerala Infrastructure and Technology for Education (KITE) has decided to train mothers in technology to make them able to help their children

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technology, women, training, Kerala, empower
During the training programmes, mothers would be introduced to better use of resources in the textbooks by scanning QR codes. Pixabay

In a path-breaking initiative, the Kerala Infrastructure and Technology for Education (KITE) has decided to train mothers in technology to make them able to help their children in school education.

K. Anvar Sadath, head of the KITE, said one of the main objectives of training mothers, which will start next month, is to ensure better use of smart phones at home for education purposes.

“The KITE initiative to empower mothers in technology is to benefit from the increased usage of internet through mobile. Necessary applications will be deployed for the smart phones owned by parents in advance,” said Sadath.

During the training programmes, mothers would be introduced to better use of resources in the textbooks by scanning QR codes, familiarisation with the new classroom learning process besides focus on creating a favourable opportunity at home for students to make use of Samagra resource portal.

technology, women, training, Kerala, empower
The KITE will also facilitate publishing of school details in the form of QR codes for general public. Pixabay

The KITE will also facilitate publishing of school details in the form of QR codes for general public.

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Now boards put up near main school entrances will also display QR code, which will carry link to school details on Sametham website (www.sametham.kite.kerala.gov.in) to help people know about the school. (IANS)