In the past one year, Prime Minister Narendra Modi led NDA government has provided a shelter in the form of Indian citizenship to more than 4,200 Hindus and Sikhs, who have migrated from Pakistan and Afghanistan. This number is nearly four times greater than the amount of people migrated in last five years.
Statistically comparing both the UPA-II and the NDA government, Congress provided citizenship to 1,023 people in its five years tenure whereas BJP in its one year of incumbency has already provided shelter to 4,230 people, as calculated at the end of April 2015.
BJP clears its aim of providing citizenship by saying that they want to provide refuge to every Hindu who is facing persecution anywhere in the world, much like Israel’s stance towards Jews.
“A natural home for persecuted Hindus” who “shall be welcome to seek refuge,” declared BJP in their 2014 Lok Sabha election manifesto.
On being asked about the reason to provide citizenship to so many people, a Home Ministry spokesperson said, “The numbers of those granted citizenship are miniscule as compared to the country’s population. Government has taken a call resolve the problems being faced by people of Indian origin who in anyway were staying in the country for long.”
Government officials said, settling all the Indian origin citizens back from the neighboring Islamic countries might help the home ministry to expedite long-term visas and citizenship to those fleeing Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh.
Since the BJP government took charge, almost 19,000 migrants have been given long term visas in Madhya Pradesh, 11,000 in Rajasthan, and around 4,000 in Gujarat, as per the officials.
As per the changes occurred in Citizenship Act, faster disposal of citizenship requests have the potential to open up the floodgates, which will eventually swell the number of those eventually allowed to be permanently based in India to around 10 lakhs by December 2016.
This time, the dispute is regarding the Dokplam Plateau
The area is of strategic importance for both the nations
Disputes between India and China are not at all uncommon. The rivalry between the two nations is famous. There have been several disputes between the two on the India-China border in past, and there seems to be no stopping for these disputes in the present or future, for that matter.
In June 2017, the world witnessed yet another dispute arising between India and China. This time the dispute was about China building a road extending to Doklam Plateau, which both nations have been fighting over for years now.
Doklam or Donglang (in Chinese), is a disputed area between China and Bhutan located near their tri-junction with India. India doesn’t directly claim the area but supports Bhutan’s claims on it.
India fits into the picture, as this plateau is an important area for India. Not only is Bhutan one of the biggest allies of India; China gaining access over the Doklam Plateau will also endanger India’s borders, making them vulnerable to attacks.
Apart from the hostile history of the two nations, the Doklam Plateau is also important for India to maintain its control over a land corridor that connects to its remote northeastern States. China building a road through Doklam surely threatens that control.
A complete timeline of what happened in the recent Doklam Standoff
On 16 June 2017, Chinese troops with construction vehicles and excavators began extending an existing road southward on the Doklam plateau, near India’s border. It was Bhutan which raised the alarm for India.
On 18 June 2017, India responded by sending around 270 Indian troops, with weapons and two bulldozers to evict the Chinese troops from Doklam.
On 29 June 2017, Bhutan protested against the construction of a road in the disputed territory. According to the Bhutanese government, China attempted to extend a road in an area which is shared both Bhutan and India, along with China.
Between 30 June 2017 and 5 July 2017, China released multiple statements justifying their claim over the Doklam plateau. They cited reasons as to why the Doklam standoff wasn’t really needed. And how China has not intruded into India’s territory to incite the standoff.
On 19th July 2017, China asked India again to withdraw its troops from the Doklam. On 24th July 2017, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi, in his statement, asked India to withdraw and behave themselves to maintain peace.
What followed till 16th August 2017 was China constantly alleging India of trying to create trouble. They accused India of trying to disturb the peace and not withdrawing the troops, even after repeated reminders. They also accused India of bullying.
India, however, kept quiet during the whole fiasco, only releasing a statement regarding their stand and position at the Doklam standoff.
On 28 August 2017, India and China finally announced that they had agreed to pull their troops back from the Doklam standoff. The withdrawal was completed on that very day.
On 7 September 2017, many media reports claimed that both nation’s troops have not left the site completely. They were still patrolling the area, simply having moved 150 meters away from their previous position.
On 9 October 2017, China announced that it is ready to maintain peace with India at the frontiers. India reacted in affirmative, the peace was established when Indian Defence Minister, Nirmala Sitharaman’s visited Nathu La.
The Doklam issue, for now, is resolved. However, given the history of disputes between India and China, it won’t be a surprise if the issue resurfaces again in near future.