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Humans reached Australia 65,000 Years Ago, About 15,000 Years Earlier than Previously Thought: Study

Researchers were also able to retrieve several tools in three different layers of sediment, including an ax, the oldest-known grindstone in Australia, and some early paints showing the oldest-known use of minerals

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Madjedbebe rockshelter
Madjedbebe rockshelter, Australia during the 2015 excavation. Wikimedia
  • The first settlers of Australia reached the continent 65,000 years ago, about 15,000 years earlier than experts previously thought
  • The archaeologists made the conclusion following an excavation at the Madjedbebe rock shelter near Kakadu National Park in northern Australia
  • The latest research included new techniques of analysis, like luminescence dating

Canberra, July 23, 2017: The first settlers of Australia reached the continent 65,000 years ago, about 15,000 years earlier than experts previously thought, a new archaeological study revealed on Thursday.

The archaeologists made the conclusion following an excavation at the Madjedbebe rock shelter near Kakadu National Park in northern Australia, one of the most important archaeological sites in the region known for its early rock paintings, reports Efe news.

The site was last excavated nearly 30 years ago by a group of archaeologists, who suggested that the site was between 50,000 and 60,000 years old, considered to be one of the first human settlements in Australia. Between 2012 and 2015, archaeologists returned to the site to conduct new excavations.

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The latest research included new techniques of analysis, like luminescence dating – which can determine when single grains of sand were last exposed to sunlight – allowing the research team to verify the age of the sediment surrounding the objects.

Researchers were also able to retrieve several tools in three different layers of sediment, including an ax, the oldest-known grindstone in Australia, and some early paints showing the oldest-known use of minerals.

“We found there was an incredible richness of evidence of wonderful human behaviour that we didn’t really have indications of from earlier excavations,” said Chris Clarkson, project leader from the University of Queensland.

Clarkson noted that the findings of his research, published on Thursday by the journal Nature, indicated a solid cultural continuity at the site across thousands of years. The archaeologist added that this discovery could also contribute to a better understanding of humans’ migration from Africa to Southeast Asia. (IANS)

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Archaeologists Excavate 800-year-old city wall in China

These were confirmed as dating to the period between 1127 and 1912 when the Southern Song Dynasty and later the Qing Dynasty was in power

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city wall
More than 300 relics and evidence that a complete defense system existed at the time have been unearthed in China (Representative image) Wikimedia

Beijing, October 15, 2017 : Archaeologists have excavated 800-year-old city walls and gates in China’s Chongqing. More than 300 relics and evidence that a complete defense system existed at the time have been unearthed.

A township in Fengjie county’s Baidi was once a very important military fortress. The archaeological dig launched at the site in February discovered the ruins, Xinhua news agency reported.

In the first six months, 20 sections of the city wall, gates, defence towers and armouries were found.

These were confirmed as dating to the period between 1127 and 1912 when the Southern Song Dynasty and later the Qing Dynasty was in power.

Over 300 relics, mainly iron weapons and some ceramic, copper and stone artifacts, have also been unearthed, Chongqing Cultural Heritage Research Institute said.

The project also identified the layout of Baidi. Other sites discovered outside the town have shown that a complete defence system existed at that time, archaeologists said.

The Cultural Heritage Research Institute of Chongqing and the Cultural Relic Management Office of Fengjie jointly conducted the excavations. (IANS)

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Are you addicted to Drugs? Well, it may cause Tooth Decay and periodontal Disease

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Drugs, Wikimedia

Sydney, March 17, 2017: If you are addicted to drugs, you may be at greater risk of developing tooth decay and periodontal disease than people with no substance use disorders, a study has showed.

The findings, led by Hooman Baghaie from the University of Queensland in Australia, showed that drug use affects oral health through direct physiological routes such as dry mouth, an increased urge for snacking, clenching and grinding of teeth and chemical erosion from applying cocaine to teeth and gums.

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The lifestyle that often accompanies problematic drug use also affects oral health through high sugar diets, malnutrition, poor oral hygiene, and lack of regular professional dental care.

Patients with substance use disorders also exhibited greater tooth loss, non-carious tooth loss and destructive periodontal disease.

In addition, tolerance to pain killers and anaesthetics also contributes to poor dental care, the researchers said, in the paper published in the journal Addiction.

Oral health has significant consequences on quality of life and general health. In addition to functional and self-esteem issues that accompany bad teeth, the chronic inflammation and bacteraemia (bacteria in the blood) characteristic of poor oral health increases the incidence of coronary heart disease, stroke, diabetes and respiratory disease.

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Researchers suggested that doctors and clinicians should screen people with substance use disorders for oral diseases and arrange for dental care as needed.

“They should consider using sugar-free preparations when prescribing methadone as well as warn patients of the oral health risks associated with dry mouth and cravings for sweet foods,” Baghaie suggested.

For the study, the team combined the results of 28 studies from around the world, which collectively provided data on 4,086 dental patients with substance use disorder and 28,031 controls. (IANS)

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Dwarka, one of the most investigated Ancient City proves Mahabharata is not a Fancy Tale

Dwaraka proves that the descriptions found in the texts are not to be discarded as fancy stories but are to be treated as based on actualities

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Krishna Rukmini Satyabhama Garuda, Image source: Wikimedia Commons

Out of the seven most ancient cities in India- Ayodhya, Mathura, Haridwar, Benares, Kanchi, Ujjain and Dwaraka, one of the most investigated subjects and the area of interest of Archaeologists is Dwarka (also Known as Dwarwarti). It is believed that Lord Krishna is known as Dwarkadhisha or the King of this old lost city. Dwaraka has a special importance as a major Hindu pilgrim.

Dwaraka has special importance and is considered as one of the major Hindu pilgrimage sites. It was the land of the great archer Ekalavya, even Dronacharya had lived here. Kavi Magha in his Sisupalavadha (in verse 2) describes from slokas 31 onwards about the city of Dwaraka, sloka 33 can be translated as:

“The yellow glitter of the golden fort of the city in the sea throwing yellow light all round looked as if the flames of Vadavagni came out tearing asunder the sea.”

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According to the Hindu mythology, Dwarka was founded by the Yadavas by the sea shore of Gujarat who was fled from the Surasena Kingdom to save the citizens of Mathura from the fear of Jarasandha, the king of Magadha. After the Mahabharata war, Lord Krishna lived for 36 years at Dwaraka. In Mahabharata it is mentioned, when Krishna died and Arjuna took Rukmini and other wives of Krishna to Hastinapura; the sea came after them and the city went under the sea.

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In 1963, the first archaeological excavations at Dwaraka were done by a team of the Deccan College, Pune and the Department of Archeology of Gujarat Government, under the guidance of H.D. Sankalia. Between 1983 and 1990, the submerged city was discovered by the Marine Archaeological Unit (MAU) of The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), under the supervision of Dr S. R. Rao (one of the most respected archaeologists of India, who excavated a large number of Harappan sites including the port city of Lothal in Gujarat).

Dwarkadheesh temple, Wikimedia Commons
Dwarkadheesh temple, Image source: Wikimedia Commons

In 2001, the students of National Institute of Oceanography were commissioned by the Indian Government to do a survey on pollution in Gulf of Khambat, seven miles from the shore. During the survey, they found buildings made of stones covered in mud and sand covering five square miles. Divers have collected blocks, samples, artefacts, and coppers coins, which scientists believe is the evidence from an age that is about 3,600 years old.

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Before the discovery of the legendary city of Dwaraka, some scholars were of view that the Hindu Epic Mahabharata is only a myth and that it would be futile to search for the remains of the ancient city and that too in the sea. Few scholars also believe that the Mahabharata battle was a family feud which was exaggerated into a war. Excavations of Dr S. R. Rao at Dwaraka prove that the descriptions found in the texts are not to be discarded as fancy stories but are to be treated as based on logic and reasoning.

– by Priyanka Saha of NewsGram. Twitter: @priyanka140490

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One response to “Dwarka, one of the most investigated Ancient City proves Mahabharata is not a Fancy Tale”

  1. 10,000 years from now, someone might excavate a site in the south of England and discover the city of “London”. During their work, they might even uncover a cemetery, in which there is a grave for someone called Winston Smith. That would not however, prove that George Orwell’s novel 1984, was based on actual events.

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