Wednesday November 20, 2019

IIT-Madras Develops AI Model for Learning and to Solve Engineering Problems

The researchers utilised a data-driven AI and a deep learning model to arrive at solutions for engineering problems after training the AI with data sets

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IIT-Madras
The researchers of IIT-Madras are going to establish a start-up to deploy their AI Software called 'AISoft' to develop solutions to engineering problems in varied fields. Pixabay

The Indian Institute of Technology, IIT-Madras on Monday said its researchers have developed algorithms that enable novel applications for artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning and deep learning to solve engineering problems.

The researchers are going to establish a start-up to deploy their AI Software called ‘AISoft’ to develop solutions to engineering problems in varied fields such as in thermal management, semiconductors, automobile, aerospace and electronic cooling applications.

“We tested AIsoft and used it to solve such thermal management problems. We found it to be nearly million-fold faster compared to existing solutions currently used in the field,” said Vishal Nandigana, Assistant Professor, Fluid Systems Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering.

“Our AI works on any generalised rectilinear and curvilinear input geometry. Our research saves the computational time, which is the bottleneck to solve most engineering problems, Nandigana added.

The researchers utilised a data-driven AI and a deep learning model to arrive at solutions for engineering problems after training the AI with data sets.

These prior data sets can be from existing big data in the relevant engineering industry where there are lots of experimental data available.

IIT-Madras
IIT-Madras on Monday said its researchers have developed algorithms that enable novel applications for artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning and deep learning to solve engineering problems. Pixabay

Also, if data is not available for training the AI, it can be generated using commercially-available CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) software on small independent pieces of the full-blown problem.

This idea is new and is only now being looked at by a few research groups across the world. Most of these research groups use Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN) or C-GAN (conditional generative adversarial network) to solve engineering problems.

They have also developed hardware products using graphics processing unit (GPU) and multi-threading processing to solve thermal management problems in thermal and electronic cooling industries.

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Both the software and hardware products are several times faster than commercial numerical method software and open source software in the market.

These algorithms will solve a lot of pressing problems for industries and can also be used for educational purposes. (IANS)

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Xiaomi Smartphones Sold in India are Made in The Country Itself

Xiaomi phones in India are manufactured mainly by Taiwanese giant Foxconn, also known as Hon Hai Precision Industry Co. Ltd

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Xiaomi
Xiaomi said it has also started exporting phones made in India to Bangladesh and Nepal. Wikimedia Commons

Almost all of the phones that Chinese smartphone maker Xiaomi sells in India are made in the country, a top company executive said here on Monday, stressing that ‘make in India’ Xiaomi smartphones are now being exported to other countries too, though at a small scale.

“About 99 per cent of the phones sold in India are made in the country. We make three phones per second,” Muralikrishnan B, Chief Operating Officer, Xiaomi India, told reporters here.

Xiaomi phones in India are manufactured mainly by Taiwanese giant Foxconn, also known as Hon Hai Precision Industry Co. Ltd.

The manufacturing is being done at Xiaomi’s two facilities — one at the Sri City special economic zone in Andhra Pradesh and the other at Sriperumbudur in Tamil Nadu.

Xiaomi said it has also started exporting phones made in India to Bangladesh and Nepal.

“We have started exporting to these two countries at a small scale. With more government incentives, we plan to scale up the export of ‘make in India’ phones,” Muralikrishnan noted.

“We will have to see if we can manage the entire logistics. Ultimately, we will have to realise that cost efficiency also matters,” he added.

The COO of India’s biggest smartphone seller said that there are various issues hindering export of its ‘make in India’ products to other countries including certification issues and low rate of duty drawbacks.

“BIS certification is not accepted in many parts of the world. If the government can make BIS certification accepted in countries in Europe, it would help us scale,” he said, adding that India has a lot to learn from Vietnam in terms of incentivising domestic manufacturing.

Xiaomi
Almost all of the phones that Chinese smartphone maker Xiaomi sells in India are made in the country, a top company executive said here on Monday, stressing that ‘make in India’ Xiaomi smartphones are now being exported to other countries too, though at a small scale. Pixabay

About 65 per cent of Xiaomi phone components are also sourced from within the country.

“In terms of manufacturing, the progress that India has made in the past 5 years is phenomenal,” said Foxconn India Country Manager Josh Foulger.

Besides initiatives under ‘Make in India’, the corporate tax relief and improvement in ease of doing business have helped a lot, he added.

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Significantly, all the operators at Foxconn’s Sri City facility for Xiaomi are women. The facility employs over 15,000 people. (IANS)