Get subscribed to our newsletter
Get interesting updates to your email inbox.
Adults in the United States who were vaccinated against measles decades ago may need a new dose depending on when they received the shot and their exposure risk, according to public health experts battling the nation’s largest outbreak since the virus was deemed eliminated in 2000.
Up to 10 percent of the 695 confirmed measles cases in the current outbreak occurred in people who received one or two doses of the vaccine, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
The figure illustrates what can happen when a large number of individuals, even those who have been vaccinated, are exposed to the measles. CDC recommends that people who are living in or traveling to outbreak areas should check their vaccination status and consider getting a new dose.
Dr. Allison Bartlett, an infectious disease expert at the University of Chicago Medicine, said the “continued vulnerability to infection” is why high-risk adults such as healthcare workers are routinely advised to get a second dose of the measles vaccine if they have not had one.
But knowing your vaccination status can be tricky, experts said.
“It’s complicated and often futile because it’s very difficult to resurrect those old records,” said Dr. William Schaffner, an infectious disease expert at Vanderbilt University Medical Center.
People vaccinated in the United States since 1989 would most likely have received two doses of the combined measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) shot under federal guidelines, and that is still considered the standard for protection.
Anyone vaccinated between 1963 and 1989 would likely have received only one dose, with many people immunized in the earlier years receiving an inactivated version of the virus. Americans born before 1957 are considered immune as they would have been exposed to the virus directly in an outbreak.
Merck & Co Inc is the sole U.S. provider of the MMR vaccine. The company said in a statement that it has “taken steps to increase U.S. supply” of the vaccine due to the current outbreak.
The measles virus is highly contagious and can cause blindness, deafness, brain damage or death. It is currently spreading in outbreaks in many parts of the world.
According to the World Health Organization, 95 percent of a population needs to be vaccinated to provide “herd immunity,” a form of indirect protection that prevents infection in people too young or sick to be vaccinated. U.S. public health officials have blamed the current outbreak in part on rising rates of vaccine skepticism that have reduced measles immunity in certain communities.
For travelers to outbreak areas abroad, the CDC recommends adults consider getting another dose of MMR unless they have proof of receiving two prior doses, take a blood test showing immunity, or were born before 1957.
In general, the CDC says two doses of the measles vaccine should provide 97 percent protection; one dose should offer 93 percent protection. However, immunity can wane over time.
This has occurred even in adults with two documented doses of the vaccine, said Dr. Michael Phillips, chief epidemiologist at NYU Langone Health, which serves parts of New York City, a hot spot in the U.S. outbreak.
He said in kids, “the vaccine is really effective,” but in some adults, memory T-cells, which recognize and attack germs, do not fight the virus as effectively as they once did.
Rapid blood tests are available that can detect whether a person is immune based on the level of measles antibodies, but the tests are not 100 percent reliable.
Adults who have any doubt about their immunity should get another dose, Schaffner said: “It’s safe. There’s no downside risk. Just roll up your sleeve.” (VOA)
By Olivia Sarkar
The season of love is upon us and as wedding bells ring louder, timepieces that radiate elegance and beauty become an important accessory.
Michael Kors attention to detail, features timepieces designed for the exquisite woman and the sophisticated gentleman. So, while the bride and her bridesmaids prepare to have the wedding party fawning over their looks, and the groom puts on his best, these new watches are sure to elevate any ensemble and turn heads.
Follow NewsGram on Quora Space to get answers to all your questions.
For the bride
The bride is the star of the wedding festivities, and she wants every detail of her big day to be memorable. These designs are created for the fashion-forward woman and are likely to attract the attention of any vogue observer.
The Signature MK logo collection
The instantly recognizable, bold silhouettes, gleaming dials, and stainless steel bands are all part of the new signature logo collection. The gold-tone Wren pieces are 42mm in diameter and come with an H-link bracelet with the MK emblem. This watch, which costs INR 21,995, is sure to go with whichever clothing the bride chooses.
The shiny new Layton Pave
The popular Layton has been encrusted with pave stones of various sizes to give it a sparkly sheen. The stainless-steel chronograph is 42mm in diameter and comes with a 3-link bracelet for more glitz. The polished Layton, priced at INR 27,995, will be available in silver and gold tones, making it ideal for brides to choose and set the tone for their big day!
The Everest relaunched in its original boyfriend-style with even more sparkle and gloss.Unsplash
Also read: The reasons for investing in Luxury watches
The iconic Everest
The Everest, one of the brands most popular watches, has been relaunched in its original boyfriend-style with even more sparkle and gloss. Everest's renowned New York traditional jet-set look is ideal for the fashion-forward, modern-day bride. Each large chronograph makes a bold, stylish, and dazzling statement, which is exactly what a bride requires.
These will be available in a variety of colours, including gunmetal, rose-gold tone, two gold tone variations, and a two-toned piece, and will cost INR 43,000 and INR 51,000, respectively.
For the man of the hour
Why should the groom be left out if the bride is going all out? The Bayville Automatic is the perfect head-turner for the main-appearance man's for the night. Its semi-skeleton dial, color-contrast tachymeter top ring, and multi-link stainless steel band are bold and sporty, yet they're offset by a classy combination of brown and rose gold tones. The cost of the piece is INR 51,000.(IANS/PR)
Key words: watches, wedding season, lytone pave
By Sukant Deepak
He describes himself as a 'Shiv bhakt' and a 'Muslim Jogi'. In his world, stories are not mere tales that entertain, but a tool to reinforce contemporary realities among listeners. Rich in metaphors, vivid with minute details, Jumme Khan likes to transport his audiences not to a world far away but the universe that surrounds them.
Part of a Jogi family from Pinan village in Alwar, Rajasthan and accompanied by his band of musicians, he uses a combination of harmonium, chimta, dholak, and the single-stringed bhapang - his instrument of choice - to retell stories that resound across generations. "The key here is connection. Unless people can relate, they will not enjoy it. To touch them, we have to decipher the common truth, find that elusive thread that binds us all. That is when the audience becomes one with the storyteller," he tells IANS.
Follow NewsGram on Twitter to stay updated about the World news.
Khan, who enthralled the audience with the oral tradition of the improvisatory, communicative story-telling style of the Jogis at the recently concluded 'Mahindra Kabira Festival' in Varanasi, started singing when he was 13-years-old, and there has been no looking back ever since. "But it never gets repetitive. Every day on the stage is a new one. One is forever in search of something new that will resound with the audience," says Khan, who has also penned a song on the ongoing Corona pandemic.
For him, the magic of folk is unparalleled. He insists that nothing can replace the enigma of folk music in any culture. "Of course, this does not mean that steps are not taken to preserve it. We have seen a decline in the number of folk artists in the past few decades. But the immense power of folk seldom fails to move the audiences, including those who have always had access to modern entertainment," says Khan.
But he does feel that culture has taken a back seat in modern education. Remembering the time when schools would regularly organise cultural activities for students, he says, "It seems nowadays everything is about academics. How can we forget the fact that music and the arts play an indispensable role in all-around development? Culture opens an altogether new horizon, imparts a vision and understanding about the self. At least, give the children access and introduce them to different art forms including music. Let them decide if they want to pursue or not."
Swearing by the power of live and the energy he derives from the audiencesUnsplash
Also read: Books to read in December
Swearing by the power of live and the energy he derives from the audiences, Khan says that he is just not cut out for digital concerts. "They may have become a rage during the lockdowns, but I was clear that I would not be a part of them. In my art form, the live audience is an indispensable part of the whole act, without them, things will fall flat."
Stressing that while there were many platforms (festivals, etc) including those provided by the government, it was important that honest and qualified people be made part of the decision-making committees. "You just cannot expect artists to make rounds of programme officials trying to impress them. When as a country, we take so much pride in our culture, is it not important that this sector be streamlined and right people be recruited in the decision making bodies?" (IANS/PR)
Keywords: Shiv Bhakt, Dholak, Rajasthan
Today, we are exposed to a gazillion beauty product launches every now and then. The cosmetic industry is ever-changing and always gives us something new to wish for. But how much thought do we actually put in before buying the skincare product for ourselves? You should always pay attention to the products and their ingredients. Choosing products from a company with a reputable line of products can be helpful, since each component may be designed to work in conjunction with the others. You can also be assured of the products' quality and may better be able to predict how your skin will react to trying a different product in the same line.
Skin is one of the largest organs of the body. Because of this, caring for your skin can directly affect your overall health. Your skin acts as a protective shield and is most vulnerable to outside elements. It's affected by more factors than you may think. In addition to this, your health also affects your choice of skincare products and vice-versa.
Nandeeta Manchandaa, Founder of ENN shares the whys and hows:
Let's talk Vitamins: Your body needs all essential vitamins for proper functioning and if any vitamin is a miss, then effects show on your skin too. Like- dark spots, pigmentation are often seen on people with melanin issues, or even in pregnant ladies. So Vitamin-C rich products are the go-to to combat this issue.
Your body needs all essential vitamins for proper functioning and if any vitamin is a miss, then effects show on your skin too. | Photo by Raimond Klavins on Unsplash
Baby on the way: Another major health factor that influences your skin care product selection is -- pregnancy! Pregnant women undergo 360-degree change internally and externally while their hormones are at their peak -- it gives way to allergic reactions, limitations of using certain products/ ingredient applications too. They are advised to stay away from Retinol (found in all anti-ageing creams), Benzoyl Peroxide and Salicylic acids (for face washes and cleansers) Essential oils (are the base for any serum, facial oils) So better to opt for clean and natural products as substitutes for the same.
Pregnant women undergo 360-degree change internally and externally while their hormones are at their peak. | Photo by Alicia Petresc on Unsplash
PCOD/PCOS: Thanks to the sedentary lifestyle and long working hours, one health issue in women that has been on the rise is PCOD (Poly Cystic Ovary Disorder) and PCOS (Poly Cystic Ovary Syndrome) Hormonal imbalances coupled with weight issues show their effect on skin too. A majority of women suffer from symptoms like cystic acne, excessively oily skin and scalp, open pores, blackheads/whiteheads, dark spots, dark patches to name a few. In this case, choosing products that will not irritate your skin or aggravate inflammation is your best bet. Avoid products with cocoa butter, isopropyl myristate, oleic acid lanolin, and butyl stearate. Chlorophenols are used as preservatives in cosmetics and have been linked to acne so these too must be avoided.
Avoid products with cocoa butter, isopropyl myristate, oleic acid lanolin, and butyl stearate. | Photo by Sabrina May on Unsplash
This is why we see the trend of clean beauty, Vegan beauty and herbal products flooding the markets because they claim to be free from all the nasties and let you get the maximum benefit of skin care products without any guilt. (IANS/ MBI)
(Keywords: herbal products, PCOD, PCOS, vegan beauty, vitamins, beauty, India, skincare, products )