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Know about the impact of Political Funding and how it forms an essential part and parcel of any Democracy
New Delhi, Feb 9, 2017: Political funding is an organized process of raising funds through the system of contribution. Political parties collect their funds from sources such as:
- Members of a political party contribute to their party’s funds either personally or mobilize raising fund raising from, other sources.
- People supporting a party’s ideology also can help it in building financial structures.
- Corporations which vision their growth and diversification along with certain party’s success also donate their share.
This is done to ensure the smooth running of party’s routine activities. These daily activities include campaigning, promoting their agendas and for other political purposes.
Therefore, political funding is an essential part and parcel of any democracy.
Common people can participate in the political affairs of the country by supporting through contributing financially.
Financial contribution may enable them to ascertain changes in the party structure.
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The money collected influences the party’s extend to function and implement specific programs.
The most preferred and popular party generally receives the majority of funds and the least popular one faces shortage.
The guiding principle of democracy which is ‘For the people, by the people and of the people’ finds relevance in relation with political funding also.
But the impact of public funding is just like that of industrialization. While, industrialization has benefited the nation’s economy, it has also made poor people poorer deserting hand-made industries.
Similarly, while advocating for democracy, funding has also harvested corruption.
When the funding is unregulated and from unknown sources, then a political party becomes a fertile ground for corruption. The vested interest would definitely want to intrude all the aspects of a political party, right from policies to selection of candidates and then financial benefits post government formation at state and Central level both.
The worst part is, that political parties can violate their promises after owning all the raised funds!
Earlier parties were not required to give any account for the contributions which were below 20,000 rupees. But every rule brings with itself an alternative. Individual funds were then divided into numerous blocks and each amounting to 20,000 rupees to keep the sources ‘unknown’ and thus turning all the blackmoney into white.
Finance Minister Arun Jaitley in the Union Budget for 2017-18. reduced the limit of fund collection from anonymous sources to 2,000. Now political parties will receive donations either through cheques or digitally above Rs. 2000.
Moreover, they also have to detail their donations in income tax returns.
“Reducing the cash funding of political parties to one-tenth of what it used to be and the introduction of electoral bonds are two significant steps in curbing corruption,” said A.K. Verma, a Kanpur-based political analyst.
In India, currently no political party is an ideal party as far as financial transparency is concerned.
Every party is indulging in corruption with regards to funding process.
The Aam Aadmi Party which claims to be the champions of transparency have now turned opaque. With removal of donors list and balance sheets from its website, AAP now is characterized by opaqueness and murky politics.
The campaign ‘nolistnodonation’ (http://www.nolistnodonation.com/) is also struggling for the restoration of transparency in the Aam Aadmi Party. The campaign is directed towards reminding AAP of its initial basic guiding principles that were anti-corruption, clean politics and democratic socialism. It is demanding AAP to make its donation list public and practice ‘clean politics’.
-prepared by Himanshi Goyal of NewsGram
Basil scientifically called Ocimum basilicum, and also known as great basil, is a culinary herb from the Lamiaceae (mints) family. A common aromatic herb, it is usually used to add flavor to a variety of recipes, but what may astonish one is that there are various health benefits of basil that make it well-known for its immunity-enhancing properties.
Basil seeds or basil essential oil are proven to help prevent a wide range of health conditions, which makes it one of the most essential medical herbs known today. Basil has vitamin A, C, E, K, and Omega 3 components including cooling components too. It also contains minerals like Copper, Calcium, Manganese, Phosphorus, Zinc, and Potassium. An ancient Ayurvedic herb, basil has various proven benefits including being anti-inflammatory, ant-oxidant, immune-booster, pain-reducer, and blood vessel-protector.
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This herb also contains cooling components thus making it really helpful for summers. It detoxifies the body and maintains one's body temperature pace. Adding to the benefits Basil contains antioxidant-rich volatile essential oils, which are considered hydrophobic, meaning they don't dissolve in water and are light and small enough to travel through the air and the pores within our skin. Basil's volatile essential oil is something that gives the herb its distinct smell and taste, but basil contains some great healing properties.
In the long history of Ayurveda, basil seeds were also called tukmaria seeds. These seeds may support one's gut health, may complete one's fiber quota, reduce blood sugar, help in weight loss, and also reduce cholesterol.
The herb has rounded leaves.Pixabay
There are more than 60 varieties of basil, with sweet basil being one of the most widely used. The herb has rounded leaves that are often pointed. It is a bright green plant, although some varieties have hints of purple or red in their leaves, basil makes a colorful and flavorful addition to many different dishes.
It has been observed that many of the cooks use basil to thicken their dessert instead of using any artificial/ unhealthy powder to do so. Sometimes people are not able to differentiate between Chia seeds and basil seeds, to make it clear basil seeds are different in nature they are larger and a bit duller in their color. These herbs are used in various recipes as a cooling component in desserts, drinks, and fruit juices for refreshment, also beating the summer heat.
For better digestion, weight loss, and immune system, I suggest this simple recipe which can be easily made at home:
*Take 2 tsp of Basil seeds (sabja) + Add in 1/2 liter of water +10 mint leaves crushed
*1/2 tsp cinnamon powder + A little bit of sendha salt (pink Himalayan salt)
*Or to make a sweeter version one can add organic honey.
*Mix it well and drink it.
This recipe will help to flush out toxins from our body making it feel light and healthy. (IANS/SP)
The US researchers have discovered a class of immune cells that plays a role in miscarriage, which affects about a quarter of pregnancies.
Researchers at the University of California-San Francisco found that the recently discovered subset of cells known as extrathymic Aire-expressing cells in the immune system may prevent the mother's immune system from attacking the placenta and fetus.
The researchers showed that pregnant mice who did not have this subset of cells were twice as likely to miscarry, and in many of these pregnancies fetal growth was severely restricted.
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"When you're pregnant, the immune system is seeing the placenta for the first time in decades -- not since the mother made a placenta when she herself was a fetus," said Eva Gillis-Buck, from UCSF.
"Our research suggests that this subset of immune cells is carrying out a sort of 'secondary education' -- sometimes many years after the better-known population of the educator cells have carried out the primary education in the thymus -- teaching T cells not to attack the fetus, the placenta and other tissues involved in pregnancy," she added. The findings are published in the journal Science Immunology.
The immune system has to be educated not to attack one's own tissues and organs to prevent autoimmune disease. But pregnancy presents a unique challenge since the fetus expresses proteins found in the placenta as well as proteins whose genetics are distinct from the mother.
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"It was a conceptual leap to link Aire-expressing cells, which are critical for preventing autoimmune disease, to pregnancy," said Tippi Mackenzie, Professor of Surgery at UCSF's Center for Maternal Foetal Precision Medicine.
In the thymus, Aire-expressing cells begin interacting with other immune cells very early in life to teach them what not to attack. The thymus begins to shrink and is nearly gone by adulthood, by which time most immune cells have been educated. But as the thymus shrinks, the population of eTACs in lymph nodes and the spleen expands, the researchers explained.
The study suggests a healthy pregnancy may depend on having these cells around, they added. (IANS/KB)
The tiny emojis being shared on billions of devices worldwide can play a major role in digital communication, with most people saying that emoji compels them to feel more empathy towards others, according to an Adobe report.
Adobe's global emoji study found that emoji even helps people overcome language barriers and form connections that would otherwise be difficult to do.
"We were surprised and delighted by the discoveries made in the survey, most notably how enthusiastic respondents were for emoji as a means to express themselves," the company said in a statement.
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Emojis sometimes get criticized for being overly saccharine, but this sweetness is key when it comes to diffusing some of the heaviness of online communication.
"Many of the emoji are focused on positive emotions, so it's easy to insert them into our conversations and lighten the mood," the Adobe study said.
It's not surprising that over half of those surveyed feel more comfortable using emojis than talking on the phone or in person.
ALSO READ: Apple Previews Selection of Emojis on World
This applies to less intense situations too. Dating, for example, can be tricky — especially when it's online or via digital apps, as it often is now.
The study also found that emoji even helps people overcome language barriers and form connections that would otherwise be difficult to do.
In celebration of World Emoji Day on Saturday, Adobe's '2021 Global Emoji Trend Report' surveyed 7,000 people in the US, the UK, Germany, France, Japan, Australia, and South Korea. (IANS/KB)