Thursday, January 21, 2021
Home Environment Impacts Of Civil Wars On Native Mammals Are Often Indirect: Study

Impacts Of Civil Wars On Native Mammals Are Often Indirect: Study

Study reveals how civil wars affect wildlife populations

Researchers have found that the main impacts of civil wars on native mammals are often indirect, ultimately arising from institutional and socio-economic changes, rather than from direct military tactics.

Published in the journal Nature Scientific Reports, the study suggests that civil wars in low-governance countries can have both positive and negative impacts on native wildlife populations depending on space and time scales, but the overall trend is negative.

“Currently, 36 countries worldwide are experiencing civil wars and most of these conflicts are either fuelled or funded by international interests or began after an external intervention,” said study author Franciany Braga-Pereira from the Federal University of Paraiba (UFPB), Brazil.

Follow NewsGram on Twitter for more updates.

Mammals
Most mammals give their young more protection and training than other animals do. Unsplash

The authors warn that even during post-war peace times, wild mammal populations will fail to recover as long as rural people living in war-torn countries remain armed and wildlife management regulations cannot be enforced.

They call for robust international policies that can prevent the consequences of warfare, warning that restoring depleted wildlife populations may take many decades and require active intervention efforts. According to the team, civil wars often coincide with global biodiversity hotspots, however little is known about how they affect wildlife.

This study drew local ecological knowledge to assess for the first time the main consequences of a prolonged civil war in Southwest Africa on forest and savannah mammals, using Angola as a case study. The country is home to at least 275 species of mammals, many of them historically hunted by the local communities before, during and after the intermittent 27-year Angolan civil war (1975-2002).

Also Read: When Conflict Engulfs Region, Culture Takes Maximum Toll: Abhay Sopori

In Angola’s main protected area, Quicama National Park and Quicama Game Reserve, the abundance of 20 out of 26 wild mammal species studied was 77 per cent lower after the war compared to the pre-war baseline, particularly for large-bodied species such as elephants in open-savannah environments.

Significantly, this decline was not reversed by the end of the post-war period (2002-2017).

“There are no adequate international mechanisms to deploy peace forces to maintain the status quo of vulnerable wildlife populations in troubled parts of the world,” said study co-author Carlos Peres from University of East Anglia (UEA) in the UK. (IANS)

STAY CONNECTED

19,120FansLike
362FollowersFollow
1,773FollowersFollow

Most Popular

A screening Tool To Diagnose Depressive Symptoms In Early Pregnancy

Researchers have identified a screening tool that may help diagnose depressive symptoms and other mental disorders in early pregnancy. The study, published in the...

AI To Read The Facial Expressions Of Women In Distress

The Lucknow police are deploying facial recognition technology backed by security cameras that will read expressions of women in distress and alert their nearest...

Queer Spaces To Check Out In Philadelphia

In 1965, four years before the Stonewall Riots in New York ignited the worldwide modern gay rights movement, a group of protesters began an...

Maldives The Most Preferred Holiday Destination For India

India has always been a key market for the Maldives. Since the reopening of the borders, the arrival statistics have shown gradual and constant...

Cristiano Ronaldo Becomes The Top Goal Scorer In Football History

Cristiano Ronaldo has become the top goalscorer in football history as his Juventus side won the Italian Super Cup (Supercoppa) for the ninth time,...

70% Rise In Towing Assistance Queries Post-Accidents On Highways

Around 1.50 lakh people die in road accidents every year. Maharashtra saw a fall in accidents last year, with around 25,000 reported accidents which...

Patients With Inactive Cancer Are On Higher Risk Of Illness From Covid-19

Patients with inactive cancer and not currently undergoing treatments also face a significantly higher risk of severe illness from Covid-19, a new study suggests....

Planning To Visit Seychelles Island, Dos And Don’ts To Keep In Mind

The exotic island of Seychelles known for its pristine beaches reopens borders to all countries worldwide. The much-anticipated news by the tourism industry, considering...

Recent Comments