Tuesday, September 22, 2020
Home Environment Impacts Of Civil Wars On Native Mammals Are Often Indirect: Study

Impacts Of Civil Wars On Native Mammals Are Often Indirect: Study

Study reveals how civil wars affect wildlife populations

Researchers have found that the main impacts of civil wars on native mammals are often indirect, ultimately arising from institutional and socio-economic changes, rather than from direct military tactics.

Published in the journal Nature Scientific Reports, the study suggests that civil wars in low-governance countries can have both positive and negative impacts on native wildlife populations depending on space and time scales, but the overall trend is negative.

“Currently, 36 countries worldwide are experiencing civil wars and most of these conflicts are either fuelled or funded by international interests or began after an external intervention,” said study author Franciany Braga-Pereira from the Federal University of Paraiba (UFPB), Brazil.

Follow NewsGram on Twitter for more updates.

Mammals
Most mammals give their young more protection and training than other animals do. Unsplash

The authors warn that even during post-war peace times, wild mammal populations will fail to recover as long as rural people living in war-torn countries remain armed and wildlife management regulations cannot be enforced.

They call for robust international policies that can prevent the consequences of warfare, warning that restoring depleted wildlife populations may take many decades and require active intervention efforts. According to the team, civil wars often coincide with global biodiversity hotspots, however little is known about how they affect wildlife.

This study drew local ecological knowledge to assess for the first time the main consequences of a prolonged civil war in Southwest Africa on forest and savannah mammals, using Angola as a case study. The country is home to at least 275 species of mammals, many of them historically hunted by the local communities before, during and after the intermittent 27-year Angolan civil war (1975-2002).

Also Read: When Conflict Engulfs Region, Culture Takes Maximum Toll: Abhay Sopori

In Angola’s main protected area, Quicama National Park and Quicama Game Reserve, the abundance of 20 out of 26 wild mammal species studied was 77 per cent lower after the war compared to the pre-war baseline, particularly for large-bodied species such as elephants in open-savannah environments.

Significantly, this decline was not reversed by the end of the post-war period (2002-2017).

“There are no adequate international mechanisms to deploy peace forces to maintain the status quo of vulnerable wildlife populations in troubled parts of the world,” said study co-author Carlos Peres from University of East Anglia (UEA) in the UK. (IANS)

STAY CONNECTED

19,146FansLike
362FollowersFollow
1,774FollowersFollow

Most Popular

Self-Driving Cars To Navigate Rush Hour Traffic On This Planet: NASA

A laser-based technology designed to help spacecraft land on a proverbial dime for missions to the Moon and Mars is also helping self-driving cars...

Choose Correct Diet And Workout To Stay Motivated: Actor Sunny Singh

Actor Sunny Singh says when you choose the correct diet and workout, you will always be motivated. "It's been quite a long that I've been...

ICAR Builds Technology To Make Bacteriophages To Control Shrimp Diseases

The ICAR-Central Institute of Brackishwater Aquaculture (CIBA) on Monday said it has transferred its technology to make bacteriophages, or viruses that eat bacteria, to...

NEP Arrived When India Is Redefining Itself As “Atmanirbhar Bharat”

The New Education Policy (NEP) has infused a new wave of optimism with the vision of strengthening the education system, branching out into varied...

Venom Of Largest Spiders To Help Irritable Bowel Syndrome Patients

The venom from one of the largest spiders in the world may bring the hope to ease the gut pain suffered by millions of...

Ketogenic Diet May Reduce Risk of Alzheimer’s Disease

Eating healthy, low calorie food could help fight the fungi in the gut and thus reduce the risk of dementia among senior citizens, doctors...

45% of the Top 100 Google Searches Related to Travel Amid Pandemic

After living months in isolation during the pandemic, the travel bug has hit millions of people and according to Google, 45 per cent of...

Bollywood Kills, Sexually Abuses: Debates Parliament

Bollywood kills, Bollywood sexually abuses', were some of the allegations that resonated in the Parliament House complex on Monday. BJP Rajya Sabha member Roopa Ganguly,...

Recent Comments