Get subscribed to our newsletter
Get interesting updates to your email inbox.
- Initiating in 2009, both the surveys started including questions that queried the members of the household about their hand-washing habit
- Hand-washing with soap prevents the spread of multiple diseases, especially diarrhoea and pneumonia
- According to the reports, the researchers have suggested a number of potential solutions, including the idea of increasing the availability of soapy water which will promote its use as a less expensive but an affordable substitute
Washington DC, July 04, 2017: Most of the families in the countries with low-income, do not have soaps in their homes; a recent study has revealed.
ANI has reported that the study was conducted by Buffalo University, where the researchers with UNICEF, USAID, and others, suggest that the behavior of hand-washing has to be improved substantially in middle and low-income countries.
Pavani Ram, Swapna Kumar, and their colleagues have identified the proportion of households where water and soap was present at a hand-washing place in the house, using survey data collected from 51 nationally representative surveys. The percentages that they have noted range from less than 0.1 percent in Ethiopia to 96.4 percent in Serbia.
According to the reports, Kumar stated that the findings underscore the necessity to improve access to soap and proper cleaning, along with hand-washing behavior in general, in many impoverished countries.
Co-author Ram was quoted as saying, “Hand-washing prevents leading causes of the 6 million deaths that occur annually in young children around the world. Never before has hand-washing been systematically measured in so many countries. These data are useful to public health programs and policy makers because they underscore the deep inequities that persist globally and within countries, contributing to these preventable child deaths among people living in poverty and in rural areas in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia.”
Reportedly, the researchers dug deep through the regular habit of hand-washing, for the study and the data were reported in dozens of nationally-representative Demographic and Health Surveys and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys. Initiating in 2009, both the surveys started including questions that queried the members of the household about their hand-washing habit. The surveys were administered in more than 100 nations about every 3-5 years, ANI has reported.
The researchers noted, “This analysis demonstrates the need to promote access to hand-washing materials and placement at hand-washing locations in the dwelling, particularly in poorer, rural areas where children are more vulnerable to hand-washing preventable syndromes such as pneumonia and diarrhoea.”
The report from the study reveals the following:
- According to MICS surveys, the availability of soap anywhere in the households ranged from nearly 21 percent in Senegal to 99.1 percent in Iraq and Serbia. In Africa, the percentages of households using soap with water at a hand-washing place range from as low as 0.1 percent in Ethiopia to a high percentage of 34.7 in Swaziland.
- The availability of soap along with water was higher in the Eastern-Mediterranean region compared to Africa and ranged from 42.6 percent in Afghanistan to a higher rate of 91.5 percent in Iraq.
- In Southeast Asia, it was observed that almost 79 percent of households in Bhutan had soap with water, compared to a lower rate of 21.4 percent in Bangladesh.
- The households with a low income often had extremely low access to soap with water for washing hands, compared to the wealthier households (for example, 6 percent and 85 percent at poorer and wealthier regions respectively in Nepal).
Hand-washing with soap prevents the spread of multiple diseases, especially diarrhoea and pneumonia, which caused approximately 1.6 million deaths of children worldwide in the year 2013, ANI reports.
There exists a plethora of reasons why people in many middle and low-income nations may not be habituated to use soap for washing their hands at home, including the price of the products, availability of the commercial goods which are affordable in rural areas, especially the ones with extremely poor road networks. The urgency to prioritize other complex expenditures such as- food, becomes one major reason amongst all.
According to the reports, the researchers have suggested a number of potential solutions, including the idea of increasing the availability of soapy water which will promote its use as a less expensive but an affordable substitute. Proper social marketing and private-public partnerships, such as the Global Hand-washing Day, which is celebrated annually on October 15, might also help increase the affordability in those households with the greatest need. Increasing access to soap and promoting hand-washing will become an important step towards achieving the target of reducing the rate of child mortality along with eliminating the inequities by 2030- a plan of the global Sustainable Development Goals adopted by the member countries of the United Nations.
The study has been published in the ‘American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.’
– prepared by Antara Kumar of NewsGram. Twitter: @ElaanaC
When you become a mother, you tend to forget about your own needs because you are so focused on your child. With the baby keeping you busy all day and night, your skincare takes a backseat. It's not always changes in skin texture and looks post-pregnancy are a bad thing, but not taking care of your skin may lead to acne, melasma, stretch marks, puffy eyes, and even dark circles. Syed Nazim, Dermatologist, Aesthetic and Hair Transplant Surgeon, Royal Lush Skin Clinic Saket, New Delhi, shares simple and easy tips for you to follow, to get a glowing post-pregnancy.
* Cleansing: As you sleep, your skin goes through a renewal cycle, by dispensing toxins and debris. So you only need a light-textured cleanser to wash your face with a face wash that is suitable for your skin type.
* Steam: Take steam for 2-3 days a week, it will help you to open up your clogged pores.
* Scrub & face pack: Use a face scrub, to remove the dead skin cells, scrub your face for like 5 minutes and wash it with normal tap water. It will help you to make your skin softer and radiant, leave the mask until it dries off.
* Toner & moisturizer: Apply toner to your face, look for clarifying toners that rebalance your pH to maintain the pH value of your skin. In the end, you only have to moisturize your face, to give hydration.
* Steal baby products: Baby products are always mild in nature so that the baby's sensitive skin doesn't have to compromise. They are created to lock moisture in babies skin. So, you can also use them. Whether it's a body oil, lotion or cream, apply some on your skin every time you're applying them on your baby. If you do this, you can flaunt your skin, this way, you don't have to dedicate a specific time every day for your skincare.
When you become a mother, you tend to forget about your own needs because you are so focused on your child. | Photo by Jenna Norman on Unsplash
* Keep all skincare needs in one place: Organize all your skincare products in one place, this organization will help you way much better than anything. Make use of your "me time" and devote it properly to pamper yourself.
* Streaming your routine: Make a proper timetable, for your week how many days you are going to deep cleanse your skin in a week.
If we talk about the baby skincare routine this is important too. As the baby's skin is too sensitive and they are interacting with such a harsh environment -- pollution, high temperature etc. Don't worry there are some simple and easy enough tips. Here, what you should know, with regards to bath, diapering, selecting items and that's just the beginning.
* Bath time: Babies need two to three baths a week in warm, not hot water to stay clean. The initial step to an extraordinary child shower is to track down the ideal temperature. Tip: Fill the bath without any more than 2 to 3 creeps of water. To keep your child from getting cold while you wash them, routinely pour cupfuls of water over their shoulders.
* Diaper Basics: There are a lot of things you'll have to do for your little one when they're an infant, like changing your baby's diaper regularly, cleaning tenderly however completely each time with child wipes. Make the surface saturated yet dry simultaneously as well. There are countless myths around diaper rashes that it is caused because of the usage of diapers. But no, it is due to a lack of attention and knowledge about the correct time to change the diaper. Else it will get worse for your child.
* Awareness of Products: Always read the product label before purchasing products for your infant. It's ideal to avoid chemical and alcohol-based products. Use products that are made explicitly for infants.
The baby's skin is too sensitive and they are interacting with such a harsh environment -- pollution, high temperature etc. | Photo by Jill Sauve on Unsplash
Newborn babies are so delicate, requiring a lot of care and attention. A single mistake or slip of mind can make things worse. Keep your infant's skin saturated, as well, so consistently have a stockpile of moisturizers around. But excessive oil can cause cradle caps, and dryness can create painful scenarios. If your child is facing such issues you need to consult a certified dermatologist.
(Article originally published on IANS life) (IANS/MBI)
Keywords: temperature,sensitive,babies, skincare,child,products
A couple of years ago, finding a strand of grey hair meant visiting the parlor to cover it up. Women and men refused to admit their age, and refused to let it show. Be it moustache, eyebrows, or hair on the head, it was dyed a luscious black, or reddish-brown for those who wanted to go natural. Today, the trend of coloring hair has nothing to do with age. Young boys and girls sport bright colors and hairstyles, which is now a marker of how modern one can be.
This notion of modernity associated with neon streaks and an almost gothic look originates from the ancient Egyptian civilization, where it was considered fashionable to look different from the natural features one was born with. Kohl, lipstick, perfume, and makeup were the inventions of those who hoped to live even after death. Likewise, they were the first people to discover hair dye. Initially, they dyed their hair black, to cover the grey. They used compounds that were extracted from plants, but some of them were lethal. So, they took to extracting the color from fermented leeches.
This was when a chemical was discovered to gently lighten hair color instead of completely bleaching it, and since then, there have been varying degrees of blonde and brown hair. Image credit: Photo by Jessie Dee Dabrowski on Unsplash
When bleach was discovered, women used it to achieve a yellow color, which became known as the sign of prostitutes. The focus shifted to naturally red hair when Queen Elizabeth took the throne, as she suffered from a genetic mutation which caused this. Red heads became more common in Scotland and Ireland, and everywhere else, black hair was still the norm.
When William Perkins discovered mauve during an experiment that went wrong, the concept of mixing two or more chemicals together to create a dye became well-known. So colorless chemicals were developed and mixed in varying ratios to dye hair. When the movie Platinum Blonde was released, the trend of having pale hair increased greatly. People began to go blonde everywhere. This was when a chemical was discovered to gently lighten hair color instead of completely bleaching it, and since then, there have been varying degrees of blonde and brown hair.
Youngsters prefer to sport bright, flashy colors, like teal, blue, purple, and even pink. Image credit: Photo by Tom van Kessel on Unsplash
With the arrival of pop-culture and its influence on the world, these mundane colors are reserved for the elderly. Youngsters prefer to sport bright, flashy colors, like teal, blue, purple, and even pink. Every time a new star sports a different color, the trend sparks interest in others, and sweeps across the globe like a wildfire. Hair dye has come a long way since the time of the Egyptians in the first century. Two thousand years hence, it has the potential to grow into so much more.
Keywords: Hair Color, Hair Dye, Egyptians, Perkins, Pop Culture
The history of Daryaganj goes back to the era of Mughal dynasty, and so its history is as old as the old city of Shahjahanabad, now Chandni Chowk. Interestingly, this market was known as Faiz Bazaar in the Mughal era and was considered as an important commercial place.
In fact, at that time this area was very posh, and had beautiful houses on both sides of a stream from a hauz (meaning, water storage tank) flowing down the centre. Not only this, trees were lined up for shade and it looked like a marvellous garden had been turned into a market.
Also, there used to be Lohe ka Pull which used to connect shops lined on both sides of the market starting from Delhi Gate to the Iron Bridge, but now the pull no longer exists. Well, there's no doubt that the old city of Shahjahanabad was beautiful crafted!
One of the most beautiful things about Daryaganj is its famous book market, known as the Sunday Patri Kitaab Bazaar. Sunday is specifically added here because the book market takes place only on Sundays, that, too, from 9am till 6pm.
Booksellers set up their shops on Patri (footpath). Hence, the name is Sunday Patri Kitaab Bazaar. Photo by Flickr.
In this market, you can find all kinds and genres of books at cheapest rates. In fact, some booksellers sell books according to kilos, and this is really astounding to see. From stationery to art supplies, you can find everything here and that, too, in a lot of variety.
It is interesting to see that some of the shopkeepers of Daryaganj book market are selling books from the past 50-60 years. Not only this, Daryaganj book market is also famous for its branded electronic goods and science lab equipments.
Apart from this, you can also find some of the lost traces of British rule, which once existed in India, in this market in the form of coins, photographs, and even their personal belongings. There is absolutely no doubt that Daryaganj book market offers a lot more than books, as it offers glimpses of the past.
So, if you are someone who is not just into books but also colonisation of India, then you must visit Daryaganj book market and experience a mixture of past and present!
Keywords: Daryaganj Book Market, Books, Old Delhi, Chandni Chowk, India, Mughal Dynasty.