Wednesday January 23, 2019
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India asks UN to focus on peace-building to protect civilians

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United Nations: In a bid to protect civilians from violence during armed conflicts, India asked UN to focus on peace-building missions rather than focusing on transitory peacemaking operations.

In his first address to the Security Council, India’s newly appointed Permanent Representative Syed Akbaruddin said on Tuesday, “Efforts at peace building should be initiated right at the beginning and the cause of the armed conflict addressed through national reconciliation and inclusive political processes giving all sections of society a stake in peaceful co-existence.”

Speaking at a debate on protection of civilians in armed conflict, Akbaruddin said the world body should “consider disaggregating the complex multidimensional nature of the UN peacekeeping mandates, and address issues confronting protection of civilians in armed conflict situations through focused peace-building activities so that the transition to a post-conflict society can be sustainable.” Because protection of civilians is primarily a national responsibility, he said that “contribution to national capacity building rather than intervention mechanisms should be the priority.”

Invoking the heroism of Gurbachan Singh Salaria, an Indian Army captain who was killed during the UN operations in Congo during the 1960s, Akbaruddin, said however that peacekeepers have and will continue to rise to the defence of civilians when they are in danger.

“Even though the notion of ‘Protection of Civilians’ was not part of the mandate” of the UN peacekeeping operations then, Akbaruddin said, Salaria and about 45 Indian soldiers made the supreme sacrifice to protect civilians.

Salaria of the Gurkha Rifles led his company in December 1961 against the secessionist Katanga forces loyal to Moise Kapenda Tshombe, who were on a mission to encircle the UN headquarters in Elisabethville, now known as Lubumbashi. With bayonets, khukris and hand-grenades, they charged the much large force of Katanga gendarmes routing them. Tshombe, a supporter of Belgian colonialists, opposed the UN and its peacekeeping operations to restore peace in newly independent Congo.

Salaria was posthumously awarded India’s highest military honor, the Param Vir Chakra. Akbaruddin pointed out that it took the UN 35 years to recognise his sacrifice with a Dag Hammarskjold Medal.

Akbaruddin reinforced the case for the Council consulting with troop-contributing countries. “As a developing country with years of peacekeeping experience, we feel frequent and regular consultation between the Council, the Secretariat and Troop Contributing Countries will enhance the credibility and effectiveness of the Council in protecting civilians,” he added.

The lack of consultations hurts “the troop contributing countries who put their troops lives at risk in the service of the UN,” the host countries, the Council and, ultimately, the entire UN.

Last month, the Council acknowledged that the consultation process with troop contributors was flawed and called “importance of substantive, representative and meaningful exchanges.” (IANS)(Arul Lois)

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Samsung Unveils its Latest Processor For Mid-ranged Smartphones in India

The processor is currently in mass production and is expected to soon be part of Samsung's next mid-ranged smartphone

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Samsung files new patent application for 3D displays.

Samsung on Monday announced its latest processor for mid-ranged smartphones — Exynos 7 Series 7904 — with enhanced multimedia support and high-end features, customized especially for India.

The processor delivers fast octa-core performance required for nimble web browsing, quick app launching and smooth multitasking while consuming less power, the company said in a statement.

“Exynos 7 Series 7904 will enable advanced mobile experiences in a broader range of devices with triple-camera support, powerful performance and connectivity,” said Rajeev Sethi, Senior Director and Head of sales and marketing, device solutions, Samsung India.

Built on a 14nm process, the processor is equipped with two Cortex-A73 cores that run at 1.8GHz and six Cortex-A53 cores at 1.6 GHz.

Samsung
Samsung.

“With-A73 as a ‘big-core’ Exynos 7904 delivers fast single-core performance and the embedded LTE modem supports Cat.12 3-carrier aggregation (CA) for 600Mbps downlink speed,” the company added.

The image signal processor (ISP) of Exynos 7 Series 7904 features single-camera resolution of up to 32MP and an advanced triple-camera setup.

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Additionlly, it also comes with support for faster Full High Definition (FHD) at 120 frames-per-second (fps) or Ultra High Definition (UHD) at 30fps of video playback along wth FHD+ display for vivid mobile entertainment, the company said.

The processor is currently in mass production and is expected to soon be part of Samsung’s next mid-ranged smartphone. (IANS)