Tuesday December 10, 2019

India can Save $5 Billion in Healthcare by Eliminating Child Marriage, Adolescent Pregnancy

The study conducted by World Bank and ICRW not only highlights the problem but also serves an economic dimension to the problem which could be an incentive for the economy

Child Marriage
The risks of child marriage. Wikimedia

July 15, 2017: Indians could be saving an amount of $5 billion (Rs 33,500 crore) in health care over a period of seven years, according to a new report by the World Bank and International Center for Research on Women (ICRW), if it eliminates child marriage and early childbirth. This amount is equivalent to the country’s 2017-18 higher education budget of Rs 33,329 crore.

The report concluded that $17 billion (Rs 1.14 lakh crore) could be saved globally across 18 countries by the year 2030 of which India accounts for $10 billion (62%) due to its large population. The basis of the study is quite rational as prohibiting early marriage and births reduces population growth, which in turn reduces pressure on government budgets.

Lower population growth across 106 countries from ending child marriage can lead to $566 billion savings per year in 2030.

ALSO READ: Sexual Exploitation of Women and Girls in Kenya in Return for Food

Child brides face violence, abuse and exposure to HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases (STD), are more likely to drop out of school and give birth at an early age.
According to World Health Organisation (WHO), adolescent pregnancy can also lead to several health problems such as anaemia, malaria, HIV and other sexually transmitted infections, postpartum haemorrhage and mental disorders.

The proportion of girls marrying before legal age increased from 1.78% in 2001 to 2.45% in 2011 in urban India and declined from 2.75% to 2.43% in rural India over the same period. Furthermore, 70 districts spread across 13 states reported: “high incidence” of early marriages, which account for 21% of the country’s child marriages, as reported by IndiaSpend on June 9, 2017.

Another study carried by India Spend in 2015 showed that nearly 17 million Indian children between the ages of 10 and 19 are married.  Six million children are born from them, which constitutes 47% of India’s population currently married. Of these married children, 76% (12.7 million) are girls.

The study conducted by World Bank and ICRW not only highlights the problem but also serves an economic dimension to the problem which could be an incentive for the economy as a whole, if eradicated completely.

– Prepared by a Staff Writer of Newsgram

Next Story

Child Marriage Annulled by Rajasthan Court

Judge Pradeep Kumar Jain issued an order nullifying the child marriage

child marriage
Say no to Child marriage. Pixabay

A Rajasthan court has annulled the wedding of an 18-year-old girl who was married when she was just 10-month-old. Maina, daughter of a daily wage worker of Dhandhaniya Bhayla village, was married to a man in Udaysar village on December 26, 2001.

She sought help from Kriti Bharti, rehabilitation psychologist and managing trustee of Saarthi Trust. Bharti helped her file a petition in a family court in February seeking annulment of marriage.

Judge Pradeep Kumar Jain of the family court-1 of Jodhpur on Friday issued an order nullifying the child marriage.

child marriage
New decision by Rajasthan Court on Child Marriage. Pixabay

When Maina’s in-laws came to know about the petition, they approached ‘panchs’ who pressurised her and her family members to withdrew it and threatened the family of penalty and social boycott. However, during counselling Maina’s husband agreed to end the marriage.

Also Read: Economic Outgrowths of Education in India

Maina said, “The marriage had ruined me. The annulment of my child marriage has given me a new life. Now I will study.” Bharti said, efforts were being made for rehabilitation of Maina. (IANS)