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Teeth are an essential part of our body and they determine our overall health to a great extent. Well-known dentist, endodontist, cosmetic dentist and implantologist, Dr Ajay Bajaj, BDS, MDS – Conservative Dentistry & Endodontics, in Juhu, Mumbai talks about oral health.
There are many factors which affect the oral health and the most important one is the brushing technique. India’s contribution in raising health standards is remarkable and noteworthy. But when the dental and oral health, there is a lack of awareness.
As majority of the Indian population resides in rural areas, basic oral health education is the most neglected chapter. Lack of proper guidance and professional help are also contributory factors in the undermining of oral health. One of the prime misconceptions is in the brushing technique, which is regular aggressive use of a horizontal brushing motion and the usage of a hard brush.
In India we call brushing “Daant Ghisna”‘ though essentially brushing should not be “Rubbing teeth vigorously”. Excessive rubbing causes erosion of enamel, which leads to sensitivity.
As per a survey conducted in 2017 one out of every three Indian suffers from sensitivity. Enamel is the thin outer covering of the tooth. The enamel is a shield that protects the tooth from damage preventing decay. Once tooth enamel is damaged, it cannot be brought back. However, weakened enamel can be restored to some degree by improving its mineral content. Certain toothpastes and mouthwashes can contribute to this remineralization process.
How do you know if you are brushing too hard:
Tooth Sensitivity: Sensitivity is when Hot, cold, sweet or very acidic foods and drinks makes teeth or a tooth painful or sensitive. Hard brushing causes erosion of enamel, which leads to sensitivity
In less than 3 months your toothbrush have splayed bristles (or bristles that fan out)
Receding and Bleeding Gums: If you brush too hard you can damage the gum tissue and make it begin to recede which exposes more of your tooth. Bleeding gums can also be a sign of aggressive brushing.
Three generations ago we did not have toothbrushes in India and even today’s generation learned brushing by observation from family. What we need is to learn the proper techniques of brushing from professionals.
Here are some measures we can implement in our daily life to avoid Hard brushing:
Brush twice daily for a maximum of two to three minutes: Brushing more than two times a day and more than two to three minutes each time is inadvisable as it causes enamel erosion.
Wait half an hour after meals before brushing: After meal your teeth’s outer layers or enamel are temporarily softened. Brushing the teeth immediately after rubs acids from the food into the enamel, breaking them down and intensifying the sensitivity. Waiting half an hour before brushing lets your saliva naturally neutralize the acids.
Use Bass technique for brushing: Hold your toothbrush at a 45-degree angle, brush gently in a circular motion, and hold the toothbrush in your fingertips, not in the palm of your hand. First, the outer surface of the teeth is cleaned followed by the inner surface present around the tongue. Lastly, brush the chewing surface of the teeth to end up with the brushing session.
Brush gently: Vigorously brushing or rubbing too hard isn’t necessary to remove plaque, Thoroughness is the key. Plaque is very soft and sticky film containing millions of bacteria and it builds on your teeth. If you have tooth sensitivity, opt for a soft bristle toothbrush and special anti-sensitivity toothpaste that are designed for sensitive teeth.
Change your toothbrush every three months: Consult an experienced dentist regularly to find out the best toothbrush as per your dental health. Replace toothbrushes every 3 to 4 months, even sooner if the bristles are splayed or you had been sick. Children tend to brush more rigorously than adults, they may need their toothbrushes replaced more often.
Visit a dentist regularly for routine checkups: Regular checkups also help understand the required measures that must be implemented in the daily oral hygiene routine preventing any damage. As they say “Prevention is better than cure”.
Also Read- Heart Health Guide for All Age Groups
If one starts following the above measures, sensitivity can be prevented from worsening to a large extent. The key to good health is invariably strengthened pearly whites, because oral conditions if untreated can ravage and weaken the body. These simple measures if taken can prolong the life of the teeth, gums and thus the overall well being of a person. Let’s prioritize & brush up our dental care. Be true to your teeth and they won’t be false to you. “We don’t want our teeth to be as scarce as hen’s teeth”. (IANS)
India is known for its pickles, popularly called 'Achaar', even across the world. But who thought about the idea of pickles in the first place? Apparently, the idea of making pickles first came from the ancient civilisation of Mesopotamia, where archaeologists have found evidence of cucumbers being soaked in vinegar. This was done to preserve it, but the practice has spread all over the world today, that pickles mean so much more than just preserved vegetables.
In India, the idea of pickle has nothing to do with preservation, rather pickle is a side dish that adds flavour and taste to almost anything. In Punjab, parathas are served with pickle; in the south, pickle and curd rice is a household favourite, and in Andhra, it is a staple, eaten with everything. The flavour profile of pickles in each state is naturally different, suited to each cuisine's taste. Pickles are soaked in oil and salt for at least a month, mixed with spices and stored all year round. Mango season is often synonymous with pickle season as a majority of Indians love mango pickle. In the coastal cities, pickles are even made out of fish and prawns.
The Indian Achaar Image credit: Photo by Rahat Hossen on Unsplash
In other cultures, the pickling process has more to do with preservation. Cold countries, where temperatures drop to very low levels, pickle their vegetables in brine, vinegar, or salt. Sweden is famous for pickled herring, because fishing all year round is hard with all the snow and ice. The German Sauerkraut, originally composed of rice, cabbage, and wine, is now made using salt instead of wine. This gives it a sour flavour that is characteristic of the beloved German delicacy.
In Korea, kimchi is the national delicacy. It is a pickle that is made from pickled cabbages with a distinct mix of spices. Kimchi is made with various core ingredients, and is gaining popularity these days with the Korean Wave hitting the globe. It is a practice that represents the Korean winters, which are too harsh to grow anything. The Kimchi business is one of the largest in Korea, while the individual family recipes are also well-preserved as it is believed that each is unique in its own way.
The pickles made from dill and vinegar are most famous in America. It was introduced to the Americans by the Jewish immigrants. Dill pickles are best paired with sandwiches.
Keywords: Pickles, Culture, Brine, Vinegar, Preserves
It is impossible to detail the history of bookbinding without understanding the need for it. A very useful, and yet simple invention, spiral coils that hold books together and allow mobile access to the user came about just before WWII, but much before that, paper underwent a massive change in production technique.
Beginning in China, paper was made of bamboo sticks slit open and flattened. In Egypt, papyrus was made from the reeds that grew in the Nile. In India, long, rectangular strips of palm leaves were stitched together to form legible documents. When monasteries were established, scrolls came into being. Parchment paper, or animal hide, also known as vellum, were used to copy out texts periodically to preserve them. Prior to all this, clay tablets were used to record important events, and in some cases, rock edicts were made.
But all this changed with the invention of the printing press by Gutenberg. Paper became the medium by which inscriptions, announcements, and almost everything was made. Once paper became so accessible, printing began in full scale. Newspapers and the Bible were printed every day.
Metal coils were used before the world war Image credit: Photo by Dan Bucko on Unsplash
With wads of paper, something had to be done about keeping them together. Bookbinding began as a booming business. First, the pages were just sewn together. A special sewing machine was invented just for books. When this did not suit all book types, the process of punching and binding began. Holes were punched in books, and they were tied together.
Much later, an adhesive thermoplastic strip became available by which book pages were stuck together. They sold in this format for a long time. Ideas began to flow in for notebooks when people discovered that they could attach pieces of paper together. A machine was invented that drew lines. This made it easier for people who wrote a lot.
After a while, when people got used to having their books a certain way, The Spiral Binding Company opened in 1932, which changed the way bookbinding was done. Books could now be bound by coil and this was not only economical, but also convenient, because pages could easily be turned without breaking the bind. The original spiral bind coil was made of metal, but when supplies were rationed during WWII, they were made from plastic. This trend has remained to the present day, where spiral bound books are preferred to the other kinds of binding except in cases of publishing and official documentation.
Keywords: Spiral Binding, WWII, Paper, Books, Printing
By N. Lothungbeni Humtsoe
To keep the value and quality of what you offer, whether it's a romantic breakfast in bed or a royal wedding gift that will be remembered for years. The concept of gift-giving has taken on a number of shapes in today's society. Devina Singhania, the Founder of 'LE JAHAAN', a local home and decor accessories company, explains how the gifting paradigm has shifted.
Q: What do consumers expect from the gifting business and packaging designers these days?
A: Today's consumers are expecting more minimal sustainable products, designs and mediums. They are now more conscious about how their purchase affects the environment. Considering this shift in consumer buying, it's extremely important for companies to increase their commitments to responsible business practices and design products that are meant to be reused or recycled.
Today's consumers are expecting more minimal sustainable products, designs and mediums. | Photo by Superkitina on Unsplash
Q: The practice of self-gifting is being driven by millennials. What are your thoughts on the subject?
A: I absolutely agree with this. Millennials are so creative and expressive. They are more into personalized products with which they can tell the world something about themselves. We are often hired by millennials to monogram and personalize products for them. They truly believe it's the best way to stand out from the crowd and establish a signature style and we couldn't agree more.
We are often hired by millennials to monogram and personalize products for them. | Photo by freestocks on Unsplash
Q: What impact do colour trends have on gift designs and packaging?
A: 'Le Jahaan' has always been very influenced by colour and trends and we hope to continue this association with colour even while we break through to more sustainable products and collections.
'Le Jahaan' has always been very influenced by colour and trends | Photo by freestocks on Unsplash
Q: What has changed as a result of the pandemic in terms of how we commemorate special occasions and the gift-giving tradition?
A: It's smaller in quantity but more luxurious and thought through.
Q: What giving trends should one keep an eye on in 2022?
A: Consumers, including millennials and members of Generation Z, are especially concerned with sustainability. So, the trend is definitely to go green with eco-friendly.
Q: How does Le Jahaan keep its clients coming back?
A: Our products speak for themselves. We make small batches with exceptional quality with a personal touch.
(Article originally published on IANSlife) (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: gifts, le jahaan, festive, millennials, sustainable, gen z, paradigm, gifting