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India lagging behind other developing countries in achieving health goals, says Niti Aayog

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By NewsGram Staff Writer

According to a recent paper prepared by Niti Aayog, India’s progress in health outcomes during the last two decades have been slower as compared to other developing countries with comparable income.

The paper titled ‘Health Systems in India: Bridging the Gap between Current Performance and Potential,’ also highlights the crucial loopholes in India’s healthcare system. Achievements under various health indicators during last two decades of India and other countries like China, Bangladesh, Nepal and Vietnam were compared. In most of the parameters, India stood at the bottom of the table as compared to other countries.

As reported by TOI, the paper stated, “Despite impressive gains in per capita income, India’s Human Development Index rank has stagnated since 2008, having risen by only 1 unit. In comparison to Nepal, which has risen by 4 units and Bangladesh which have risen by 2 units.”

It also says that countries like China and Bangladesh have fared much better compared to India in terms of dealing with infectious diseases like tuberculosis and measles. In India, mortality due to tuberculosis has come down by 43.6% from 2000 to 2012, whereas in China deaths from the disease, during the same period, has dropped by 63.1%. In fact, India is also dealing with increasing problems of drug resistant tuberculosis.

India’s progress in reducing IMR and MMR has also been much lower than that of countries like Cambodia, Nepal, Bangladesh, and others, which are at a similar stage of development and have comparable incomes, the paper said.

There is also a huge difference between the health outcomes of the states.

“States like Tamil Nadu have extremely strong health systems founded in primary care and public health. The challenge is to replicate such successes all over the country,” the paper stated.

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Here’s Why TikTok Ban May Not Give the Desired Results

Owned by Chinese technology company ByteDance, TikTok claims that it has over 120 million monthly active users in India

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TikTok
The logo of the TikTok application is seen on a screen in this picture illustration taken Feb. 21, 2019. VOA

With crores of people in India already using TikTok and all of them having the option to share the app with others, blocking its access on Google Play Store and Apple App Store may not produce the desired results, experts have warned.

TikTok, which is very popular among children, is facing criticism from different quarters for circulation of “pornographic content”.

Google and Apple blocked the download of the Chinese short video-sharing app, following a request from the government.

But there are some market and technical realities which will not make the ban very effective on the ground and the possible issues and concerns will continue to bother people, increasingly worrying parents, according to market research firm techARC.

“I don’t believe the TikTok ban is going to be very effective for now, given that tens of millions are using it. I also don’t see how exactly this ban will be implemented,” leading tech policy and media consultant Prasanto K. Roy told IANS.

“This knee-jerk reaction of banning is impractical and doesn’t solve the core problem. For instance, if there is abuse on Twitter, banning Twitter is not the solution,” Roy added.

Any existing user of TikTok, who has the app installed on the smartphone, can share it with any such seeker through apps like ShareIt. Once the app is shared, the user can install the app and become a new user, said Faisal Kawoosa, Founder and Chief Analyst at techARC.

“There is a need to have a holistic approach to get rid of such increasing digital menace, which cannot be absolved by technology and/or legal recourse alone,” Kawoosa said.

The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology had asked Google and Apple to block the app following the Supreme Court’s refusal to stay the original Madras High Court order on April 3.

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TikTok has over 54 million monthly active users (MAUs) in India. Pixabay

Expressing concern over the “pornographic and inappropriate” contents on TikTok, the high court had directed the Centre to ban the app.

The Madurai Bench of the Madras High Court on Tuesday refused to lift the ban on TikTok and set April 24 as the next hearing date.

Owned by Chinese technology company ByteDance, TikTok claims that it has over 120 million monthly active users in India.

So already a considerable number of users are on the platform..

Although the app is now not available on Google Play Store and Apple App Store, people can get them from the third-party app stores such as apkpure, androidapkbox, uptodown and apkmirror, techARC said.

Also Read- Jio Sets New 4G Availability Record in India: Report

“It will be next to impossible to enforce any law or order with such fragmented markets,” it added.

According to Roy, TikTok needs to do more to ensure age restrictions are followed, and use Artificial Intelligence (AI) and other means to take down inappropriate content.

“Banning sets a poor example and reference point — and sets us up for retaliation, in a global digital economy where India has made its mark,” he added. (IANS)