Tuesday November 19, 2019

India Stands Second on the Highest Number of Obese Children in 2015

In 2015, India had the second highest number of obese children followed by China

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obese children
India with 14.4 million had the second highest number of obese children in 2015. Pixabay

June 14, 2017: India with 14.4 million had the second highest number of obese children in 2015, after China with 15.3 million, a study has found.

The study showed that in 2015, excess weight affected 2.2 billion children and adults worldwide, or 30 percent of all people.

This includes nearly 108 million children and more than 600 million adults with BMI exceeding 30, a metric used to determine obesity.”Excess body weight is one of the most challenging public health problems of our time, affecting nearly one in every three people,” said lead author Ashkan Afshin, Assistant Professor at the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) in Washington, US.

The findings, published in The New England Journal of Medicine, represent “a growing and disturbing global public health crisis,” the researchers said.

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Further, an increasing number of people are dying even though they are not technically considered obese.

Of the 4.0 million deaths attributed to excess body weight in 2015, nearly 40 per cent occurred among people whose body mass index (BMI) fell below the threshold considered “obese,” the researchers noted.

“People who shrug off weight gain do so at their own risk — the risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, and other life-threatening conditions,” explained Christopher Murray from the University of Washington.

The study spans 195 countries and territories from 1980 through 2015.

The results showed that the prevalence of obesity has doubled since 1980 in more than 70 countries. (IANS)

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Report: Express Grieving Conditions for Sanitation Workers in Developing Countries

Authors of the report say sanitation workers in developing countries largely operate in the informal sector

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Developing Countries
Sanitation workers are the people who work in jobs such as cleaning toilets, emptying pits and septic tanks, cleaning sewage and manholes and operating pumping stations and treatment plants, but their Condition is not good in Developing Countries. Wikimedia Commons

A new report by leading health and safety agencies finds millions of sanitation workers in Developing Countries are forced to work under horrific conditions that put their health and lives at risk.

Sanitation workers everywhere occupy the lowest rung of society and are stigmatized and marginalized because they do the dirty work that other people do not want to do.

The report’s authors – the International Labor Organization, the World Health Organization, the World Bank and Water Aid – say they hope to raise awareness on the plight of sanitation workers and the dehumanizing conditions under which they are forced to work. For example, the report says that many sanitation workers aren’t given the safety training or equipment needed to protect them when handling effluent or fecal sludge.

World Health Organization spokesman Christian Lindmeier says sanitation workers make an important contribution to public health at the risk of their own lives. Poor sanitation, he says, causes more than 430,000 deaths from diarrhea every year and is linked to the spread of other diseases such as cholera, dysentery, typhoid, hepatitis A and polio.

“Sanitation workers are the people who work in jobs such as cleaning toilets, emptying pits and septic tanks, cleaning sewage and manholes and operating pumping stations and treatment plants.… Waste must be correctly treated before being disposed of or used. However, workers often come into direct contact with human waste, working with no equipment or no protection to remove it by hand which exposes them to a long list of health hazards and diseases,” Lindmeier said.

Developing Countries
A new report by leading health and safety agencies finds millions of Sanitation Workers in Developing Countries are forced to work under horrific conditions that put their health and lives at risk. VOA

Authors of the report say sanitation workers in developing countries largely operate in the informal sector. They labor under abusive conditions, have no rights or social protections and are poorly paid.

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The study calls on countries to rectify these wrongs. It urges governments to enact laws and regulations that improve working conditions for sanitation workers and protect their safety and health. It says sanitation workers must be given the equipment and training necessary for the safe, proper disposal of waste. (VOA)