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Bhubaneshwar, November 7, 2017 : India test-fired the indigenously-designed and developed long-range subsonic cruise missile Nirbhay from an Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Chandipur in Odisha’s Balasore.
The missile, with a strike range of 1,000 km, was test-fired from a specially-designed launcher from the launch complex-3 of the ITR, defence sources said.
The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) sources said the Nirbhay missile test was “successful”.
It travelled along a pre-designated flight path and homed in on the target, the sources added.
Powered by a solid rocket motor booster, the Nirbhay missile, with a turbo-fan engine, is guided by a highly advanced inertial navigation system.
Capable of carrying 24 kinds of war weapons, the missile is able to target multiple places simultaneously.
It was the fifth launch of the missile in the last five years. Out of the last four, three had failed in past years.
The missile had achieved success during the second test in 2014. The maiden test flight of Nirbhay was held on March 12, 2013. (IANS)
If you're even a little familiar with the Indian culture you'll be aware of the traditional bracelets made of glass worn by women in India. Firozabad, a small industrial town approximately 200 km from the capital of India, Delhi is famous for its glass industry and especially its bangles. Thus it is rightfully known as "The Bangle City" or the "The Glass City of India". This city had is notable for the production of the bulk amount of indigenous glass. Bangles of every colour; red, green, blue, yellow, gold-lined, edged silver, you name it the city has it. Gorgeous bangles with intricate designs and rich colours are the unique art crafted by the hands of thousands of artisans living in Firozabad.
Making glass useful and a decorative object has been the city's tradition for more than 200 years. 75% of Firozabad's population including children are directly or indirectly involved in the traditional glasswork industry. Bangle making is a household business with generations passing on traditional techniques, from grandparents to parents and then to children. The city employs thousands of craftsmen and around town. Some of the town's units run 24 hours. There are about 150 bangle-making and decoration units in the city. A single bangle is expected to move to pass as many as 45 to 50 hands before turning it from a pure lump of glass into a piece of disposable jewellery.
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Firozabad today produces a range of glass products like glass hardware for decorative purposes, glass art items such as toys, candle stands, animal figurines and images of gods and goddesses, glass domestic goods such as drinking glasses. They even produce the science and laboratory glassware such as beakers, flasks, containers for college, university and factory laboratories; glass automotive products such as light bulbs, battery bulbs and Glass Street and domestic lighting equipment for urban and rural lighting and utility applications including miniature bulbs and high-voltage lighting equipment. This way half the city's output is exported.
A single bangle is moved past as many as 45 to 50 hands before turning it from a pure lump of glass into a piece of disposable jewellery.Wikimedia Commons
Behind the beautiful bangles that we wear are the hazardous and miserable conditions of the artisans. Not many people are aware of the blood, sweat and even lifetime disabilities that these glass craftsmen face while the production of this colourful glassware. Despite being successful and having a name for it as the "Glass City" it has failed to establish its place in the international market. The reasons are simple, as the city has stuck to the primitive traditional manual techniques which often lead to health hazards and has employed children in these glass furnaces for generations.
The craftsmen and children working in this industry often work for elongated hours in dark with shards of glass, and glass dust everywhere. All the work they do from welding to soldering pieces of glass is done without proper protection. Due to such conditions, they frequently suffer from respiratory problems, loss of vision, silicosis and other health hazards. Children employed lose their vision even before becoming an adult. 70% of the workers don't even get minimum wages.
Child labour and exploitation of labour have been a major problem in Firozabad for which the Government had made several laws and act acts to address the issue. The city continues to defy the laws and has become a hub of child labour and continues to exploit hundreds of children.
ALSO READ: Child Labour: Can the 'abused' dream?
Behind all the glitter and glory of the Glass City of India are the poor work conditions of the artisans and the health hazards that run from generation to generation. The glass children of the glass city need their rights to be protected. The city needs modernization of the traditional techniques to machines to avoid health hazards and address the problem of child labour. The enterprises and the government are working to promote the glass industry to bring back the shine and charm of the city.
Keywords: Glass industry, Firozabad, child labour, health hazards, poor working conditions
By- Lisa Frank
When COVID-19 hit, teachers and students got a crash course in video conferencing apps and remote learning. While many schools are now transitioning away from the remote format, technology and education have nonetheless become inseparable. Interaction with others via the internet is now a fact of life both in school and outside of it.
While much of that interaction is healthy, some of it is not. School officials can help stop bullying when it happens in person, but they may not know when it occurs digitally. That leaves parents as the first line of defence against cyberbullying. This year, take some precautions to help protect your kid from this hurtful practise and show them how to interact safely online.
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To protect your child from cyberbullying, your first instinct might be to bar them from the place it so commonly occurs — social media. Your daughter won't fall victim to the Snapchat equivalent of a hit and run if she's not on the platform, right? And your son won't receive nasty comments on his Youtube videos if you don't let him post any — case closed.
Not so fast, Mom and Dad. It would be unrealistic to totally ban your child from social media — it's just too prevalent. You might be surprised how often even schools will use it to keep in touch with their students. Instead of prohibiting access altogether, set up certain times and situations in which they are allowed to get on social media. That way, if cyberbullies show up, you can help your kid defuse the situation and salve any psychic wounds.
You could allow 30 minutes right after school to look at TikTok while in the living room with you, for example. Or they can catch up on their friends' Instagram stories on their tablets. This routine will be both something to look forward to and easy activity to help them transition from their school day.
Of course, there will be times your child won't have supervision, such as when they are hanging out with friends or away from home. For these excursions, a cell phone for kids is perfect for limiting social media access while allowing you to keep in touch. Using a limited device, they won't encounter harmful people online in a place they feel unsafe.
Popular social media platforms may be integral to modern communication, but there are many lesser-known ones with less stringent rules. These include forums like Reddit and 4chan, which at best can be time-wasters and at worst can invite cyberbullying.
If you're looking to minimize your child's attachment to the internet, then it is best to bar access to such sites. It is far more likely that they'll interact with bad actors in communities with such large, diverse reservoirs of content.
Even if your kid is allowed to go on certain websites, there are actions that they should always avoid without permission. These include messaging strangers, sharing personal information, and making purchases, to name just a few. Cyberbullying can move from the virtual world to the real one when a bully knows your home address. Impress upon your child how important it is to keep personal information private.
Respond to your children without judgment so that if they need help, they feel safe coming to you for aidUnsplash
No matter how much you regulate your kid's internet activity, you want to make sure that they understand why. It's important that they don't feel punished or belittled as you strive to protect them. The best way to do this is by being open with your child: The internet can be dangerous at times. They haven't done anything wrong, but you just want to make sure they aren't put in harm's way.
Provide them with a space to air their opinions respectfully even if they disagree with your decisions. If they beg for a Snapchat account and then run into their school's mean girls, resist the urge to say, "I told you so." Respond without judgment so that if they need help, they can feel safe coming to you for aid. A healthy foundation of trust relies on your respect for their needs and vice versa.
Having this support system can mean the difference between their feeling powerless or protected during a harmful interaction. They'll always be sure that you are in their corner should a cyberbully strike. And if one does, it will present an opportunity to discuss rules, their necessities, and their objectives.
While your primary goal is to protect your kid from cyberbullying, as a parent it's also your job to ensure they aren't bullying others. Cyberbullying takes many different forms, and because of this, it's important to teach your child internet etiquette.
Without someone's face in front of us, it is easier to say things to people that we wouldn't in person. Remind them that behind every profile, there is a real person. They may be tempted to join in on an internet pile-on — especially when the "cool kids" at school are doing it. Encourage them to step away (or better yet, come to the other student's defence) in such situations. If your child understands the effect harsh words can have on a person, they'll be more likely to do the right thing.
On the flip side, teach them it's OK to brush the occasional negative comment aside. It is also worth discussing the importance of context — the unemotive nature of text communication can sometimes breed misunderstanding. A simple comment giving someone a suggestion might be interpreted as hostile due to the absence of verbal inflection. While they shouldn't downplay genuinely hurtful language, they shouldn't be quick to take offence, either.
Most social media platforms have implemented anti-bullying features aimed at giving users a sense of control and self-protection. Instruct your child on how to use these tools to curate and preserve their online experience. This includes unfriending, unfollowing, blocking, reporting, hiding, and restricting undesirable accounts and posts when they encounter something that bothers them.
If your kid can't find a solution on their own, even with these tools at their disposal, that doesn't mean they're out of luck. After all, you've already given them the assurance that they can always ask for your help. By familiarizing them with solutions and managing their usage, you'll be better able to keep your child safe from online bullies this school year.
Disclaimer: (This article is sponsored and includes some commercial links)
By- Kayleigh Alexandra
Online games are a brilliant way to have fun at home or on your phone, with friends or alone.
There are plenty of ways that you can play them but it can be difficult to cut through the options and find the very best ones.
That's why we've listed four great and diverse places where you can play games online, along with an extra recommendation at the very end of this article.
Lottery sites are exactly what they sound like. They're a place to play lottery games online, giving you the freedom to try your hand at a range of games from the comfort of your PC or phone — when you're at home or out on the roam.
Skill can be a barrier to entry for many people when it comes to playing online games. Some great games (such as Apex Legends) are deceptively difficult for newbs, to the extent where you can lose the motivation to play pretty quickly because you start so far behind your peers. This isn't the case with lottery games.
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People have been playing lottery games since the Chinese Han Dynasty, which ran from 205 and 187 BC. One of the main reasons people have played lottery games for so long is their simplicity. And today, it's simpler than ever: all you have to do is find a site, pick a game, choose your numbers and then hope they come good. And if they come good you can win some money at the end of the game.
PlayUSALotteries is a great place to play online lottery games. The site has a fine selection of games and provides plenty of instructions that show you how to buy lottery tickets online and play the game you've selected. Head over to the site now and see for yourself what lottery games are available for you to play.
Steam connects you with a live and engaged community of gamers.Unsplash
Steam is a digital distribution service that lets you play online games, then play them on your PC, tablet, or smartphone. It's the best place to play the most recent titles and the perfect tool for anyone who loves being on the cusp of things.
Gone are the days when you needed to buy a physical copy of a game to play it. Convenience is king and this means that playing online games shouldn't require you to leave your home or even your bedroom. Steam not only makes this possible, but it also connects you with a live and engaged community of gamers.
Steam's community lets you connect with your existing friends and make new, online ones. This allows you to compete against people anywhere in the world, keeping true to the web's principle of breaking down barriers.
Perhaps the best thing about the community is that it offers you a range of resources to help you get better at your favourite games. Download it now and see for yourself why it's one of the best places to play games online.
Online casinos are places with slots, poker, blackjack, baccarat, roulette, crabs, and plenty of other great games. They're the best places to play casino games online and an ideal choice for gamers who want the opportunity to win some cash.
You should always play games for fun. But some games offer you the chance to put value on your fun by allowing you to win cash if you have a successful session. Online casinos are perhaps the best place to do just this.
Slots are the most popular games at almost every online casino. Many real money slots sites have hundreds of games and there are plenty of casinos to choose from. Using a guide to find real money slots sites makes it a lot easier to pick the right casino for you.
Free spins are one of the things to consider when choosing which of these slots casinos to bet at. Free spins give you a chance to earn a bit of casino credit and play some great slots games.
Emulator sites are places that hold thousands of games built on classic consoles. You'll be able to play titles made by SEGA, Nintendo, Playstation, and other great brands. They're the best places to play games from the 80s, 90s, and 00s, making them a favourite of retro gamers.
You may still have your NES, Megadrive, or PS1 – if you do then you'll be the envy of many gamers. But even if you do then it'll be a thankless task trying to play them online, meaning that you need to transport them to wherever you want to play them.
Nintendo 64 is perhaps the most beloved of the old skool consoles. It was the first to give the truly expansive feel that games of today make their modus operandi. Indeed, its impact is such that it's claimed people who played Super Mario 64 in their adolescence had a better working memory in later life. Using a guide to locate the best N64 games may just jog your memory and remind you of some great titles you'd forgotten about.
One of the things to keep in mind when picking these games is if they're part of a franchise. If they are then you might be able to expand the hours of enjoyment you get from one online game into weeks of fun with two, three, or more titles.
Twitch lets you stream your gaming sessions Unsplash
Lottery sites, Steam, online casinos and emulator sites are four of the best places to play games online and they're where you should start off.
But a fifth, awesome option for you to think about is Twitch.
While Twitch differs from the rest of the suggestions in this article (it's a video streaming service) it's still a superb option for online gaming.
This is because it lets you stream your gaming sessions on emulator sites, Steam, and online casinos. Making for a much more sociable gaming experience.
So, try all the great options we've recommended and start having the best time gaming online.
Disclaimer: (This article is sponsored and includes some commercial links)