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‘India Won the 1962 War and Gandhiji was not Murdered’: Are New Textbooks in India Misinforming the Youth?

How can the youth know the struggles of the ancestors of the nation if they believe that we have a all-too-glorified past?

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New Textbooks
New School Textbooks in India are not telling the real history to youth. Wikimedia

August 25, 2017: Fake news has become the biggest evil to true information. Exaggerated/ altered facts to support an ideological agenda has become increasingly common, combined with photoshopped images and fabricated videos.

But this misinformation when breaches the sacredness of education and knowledge, it takes the form of the most dangerous thing. Such fabricated tales are now available in the new textbooks in India.

History, in particular, has been twisted and told to young students of India. It is unfortunate that the textbooks which are to shape the able youth of the nation and telling outright lies.

ALSO READ: Politics and Education: A Relationship that contributes a lot in shaping our Future

Below are some of the incidents that have been explained differently than the reality:

THE MUGHALS

The Hindus have always hated the Mughal chapter of the Indian History. The Mughal Dynasty came to India for conquest and occupied the majority of the nation. The Dynasty which came from Central Asia ruled over the Indian subcontinent from 1526-1857 after which the White people took over. The slavery of Hindus in their own nation is a sad but true fact. The Mughal rule was also perceived as the authoritarian nature of Islam, although the interests that the dynasty was pursuing were purely political. The people who opposed the Mughal Dynasty in India included Chattrapati Shivaji, the Maratha King, along with Assam Kings Commander Lachit Borphukan, are well respected among the Hindu sect.

There was also an incident involving Mughal King Akbar and Rajput Chieftain Maharana Pratap. Maharana Pratap rejected becoming subordinate to Akbar. Hence, a war was waged which later came to be known as the Battle of Haldighati. Although Maharana’s Rajput forces gave a tough fight, it was outnumbered by Akbar’s huge military.

In July 2017, India Today reported that in the Class X textbooks of history, it is said that it was the Rajput forces that defeated the Mughals in the battle. This change was approved by the Rajasthan Board of Secondary Education during the period of revising state textbooks.

MAHATMA GANDHI

Nowhere in the Class VIII textbooks do the students find the story of Mahatma Gandhi’s assassination. The book does explore Gandhi’s life span, but it does not inform how the father of the nation was killed by Nathuram Godse. The Rajasthan Rajya Pathyapustak Mandal has published the textbook.

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU

The same textbook that has omitted Godse’s name has also forgotten Jawaharlal Nehru, India’s first PM and the longest one at that. While Nehru’s decisions during his leadership are of various debates, the book has not discussed the first PM and his role in reconstructing a newly independent and divided nation. However, the book has extensively mentioned the First President Rajendra Prasad and Sardar Patel. Indian Express reported how the political ideology has played a role here to hide the true picture of history. Nehru, for all his secular ideas and a different idea of the country, which was not so popular among some sects.

1962 WAR BETWEEN INDIA AND CHINA

India was taken off guard by an attack from the Chinese troops in 1962. India, which was still recovering from independence, lost embarrassingly. In the recent Dokhlam standoff, Chinese media has reminded India of the humiliating defeat. Needless to say, the 1962 Indo-Sino war left a mark on Indians.

But in Madhya Pradesh’s Sanskrit Textbooks for Class VIII students, it is claimed that India won the war. The book titled ‘Sukritika’ explicitly states, “What famously came to be known as Sino-India war of 1962 was won by India against China,” reports Times of India. The textbook is published by Kriti Prakashan and is used at CBSE affiliated schools in Madhya Pradesh.

THE UNFORTUNATE REALITY

Indian Express had also reported the dire need for improvement in Maharashtra. Important events of world history (and not just western history) such as the French and American Revolution, Magna Carta, Greek Academia, etc. are all replaced by the glorification of the Maratha dynasty.

These incidents are shameful when viewed from a citizen’s lens. How can one expect to believe knowledge and intellect when information itself is a lie? How can the youth know the struggles of the ancestors of the nation if they believe that we have an all-too-glorified past?


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27% Increase in STEM Students Opting For Non-Technical Trainings, Digital Marketing Tops The List

Other popular non-technical trainings include business communication skills training with 17% enrollment, advance excel with 14%, beginner's trading certification training with 9%, and creative writing training with 7% enrollments

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Students
Out of all the trainings, digital marketing has been the most popular training among STEM students with 46% of the total students enrolled in the same. Pixabay

Students majoring in STEM (science, technology, engineering, and maths) are always considered as smart decision-makers and are congratulated for choosing a lucrative career path in our society. However, in the past few years, the number of STEM majors ending up finding satisfaction in non-technical jobs has grown immensely. 

Lack of knowledge and interest, lack of job opportunities, lack of available alternatives to polish the domain skills needed for technical jobs, are few reasons why students’ interest has been shifting towards learning managerial and creative skills and finding a non-technical, non-operational job. As per Internshala’s latest report, there has been a 27% increase in the number of STEM students opting for non-technical online trainings since 2018. 

Which training attracts STEM students the most?

Out of all the trainings, digital marketing has been the most popular training among STEM students with 46% of the total students enrolled in the same. As the supply of engineering students is much higher than their demand, it becomes extremely difficult for them to find a suitable job. As a result, students find their comfort in digital marketing training as there are endless opportunities for them in this field. 

Digital marketers are expected to have job-specific skills like analytical rigour, strategy making, problem-solving, and technological competency. Engineering graduates during their coursework acquire all of these skills and with their strong technical and mathematical skills, they produce exceptional results while working as digital marketers. Earlier, digital marketers were expected to plan and execute creative campaigns, but today in addition to creativity, professionals need to be data-driven too. After completing an online digital marketing training, STEM students get to work in lucrative job roles including content managers & strategists, virtual reality developers and editors, SEO/SEM specialists, email marketing specialist, analysts & AI specialists, and digital marketing managers & directors.

Other popular non-technical trainings include business communication skills training with 17% enrollment, advance excel with 14%, beginner’s trading certification training with 9%, and creative writing training with 7% enrollments.

What are the major learning objectives of these students?

45% of students from STEM are enrolled in non-technical online training to gain a new skill. 35% take online training to land a job or internship in future, 12% of the students wanted to be certified in a new skill to add weight to their resumes, 7% were interested to build their own project, and only 1% students took an online training to fulfil their college requirements. While the students gain an understanding of theoretical concepts in their colleges, they tend to acquire practical knowledge of other fields through affordable and accessible online trainings. This allows them to upskill and continue self-paced learning without disturbing their regular schedule. 

Students
Students majoring in STEM (science, technology, engineering, and maths) are always considered as smart decision-makers and are congratulated for choosing a lucrative career path in our society.

Which streams do these students belong to?

The majority of students who pursue non-tech skills are from an engineering background and they make up to 74% of total enrollments. This set is followed by students from Bachelor of Science (B.Sc), Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) (Hons.), and other technical streams. 

An interesting pattern that emerged in both 3-year courses like B.Sc and 4-year courses like engineering is that the majority of enrollments are from students in their pre-final and final year. This clearly explains how students tend to pursue their curriculum in their first year of college and eventually explore options to gain practical skills from their 2nd year in college onwards.

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Online trainings have been providing interesting opportunities to various students from every corner of the world, belonging to any stream, to learn new skills at the comfort of their home. Through such unique, short-termed, and practically driven online training, students no longer have to study and work in a field against their interest as they can explore their passion and can opt for interesting job roles without enrolling in a full-time course for the same. 

Courtesy: Internshala Trainings (training.internshala.com) – e-learning platform to learn new-age skills from Internshala.