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Indian diaspora numbers highest in world

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United Nations: According to the latest report by UN survey on international migrant trends, Indian diaspora is the largest in the world with 16 million Indians living outside India in 2015.

The UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) conducted a survey which stated that the number of international migrants living in a country has reached 244 million in 2015 and also was increased by 41 percent in comparison to 2000.

The Trends in International Migrant Stock mentioned that two-third of international migrants live in Asia (75 million) or Europe (76 million).

“The rise in the number of international migrants reflects the increasing importance of international migration, which has become an integral part of our economies and societies,” said Wu Hongbo, UN Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs.

He further added, “Well-managed migration brings important benefits to countries of origin and destination, as well as to migrants and their families.”

After Indian diaspora population, Russia and Mexico have the largest diaspora in the world. The survey stated that 16 million people were living outside India as there was an increase from 6.7 million in 1990.

Mexico’s diaspora population is 12 million. Russia, Bangladesh, Ukraine, Pakistan and China were other countries with large diaspora population.

Of the 20 countries with the largest number of international migrants living abroad, 11 were in Asia, 6 in Europe, and one each in Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean and Northern America, the survey said.

Furthermore, the survey stated that, two-third of all international migrants were living in only 20 countries in 2015, beginning with the US, which had 19 per cent of all migrants at 46.6 million, followed by Germany, Russia, Saudi Arabia, the United Kingdom, and the United Arab Emirates.

Out of these 20 countries, India is ranked 12th having 5.2 million migrants in 2015, a drop from 7.5 million in 1990.

International migrants had increased faster than the world’s population, the UN data shows. As a result, the number of migrants in the global population raced up to 3.3 per cent in 2015 from 2.8 per cent in 2000.

Most of the international migrants in 2015 lived in Asia or Europe, the survey said, adding that Asia has half of the international migrants worldwide.

Northern America has the third largest international migrants, followed by Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean and Oceania. Asia had more international migrants compared to any other region between 2000 and 2015.

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development which was adopted in September 2015 at the UN by world leaders, stresses the reality of migration. Countries are told to implement well-managed and planned migration policies, respect migrant workers  labour rights, eradicate human trafficking, and reduce the transaction costs of migrant remittances.

The Agenda also focused on  the vulnerability of migrants, refugees and IDPs and weighs that forced displacement and related humanitarian crises threaten to reverse much of the development progress achieved in last few decades.

Migrants should be protected, said Jan Eliasson UN Deputy Secretary-General.

“We need to take greater responsibility for protecting the lives of many thousands of migrants – men, women and children – who are compelled to undertake dangerous and sometimes fatal journeys. Those forced to flee should never be denied safe haven or rescue. Migrants, as all people, deserve protection and empathy,” Eliasson added.(Inputs from agencies) (Image:NarendraModi.in)

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India Continues Engaging With USA Over H-1B Passport Issue

India is closely engaged with the US administration as well as the US Congress on this matter.

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As Trump proposes changes in H1-B visa, India continues to engage with US

India is continuing to engage with the US over the H-1B visa, largely availed of by Indian IT companies, after the Trump administration proposed changes to the programme, a senior official said on Thursday.

“It is a very important topic for us and that is the reason why we have time and again at various levels, we have taken up this matter with the US side,” External Affairs Ministry spokesperson Raveesh Kumar said in response to queries by journalists here.

Kumar said that most recently, the issue was raised during the first ever India-US 2+2 Ministerial Meeting held here last month that was attended by External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj, Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and Defence Secretary Jim Mattis.

On Wednesday, the US Department of Homeland Security (DHS) said that the US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) plans to come out with its new proposal by January 2019.

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It will also “revise the definition” of employment and employer-employee relationship to “better protect” US workers and wages Flickr

The DHS said it was also proposing to remove from its regulations certain H-4 spouses of H-1B non-immigrants as a class of aliens eligible for employment authorisation.

The move to end the rule could have an impact on more than 70,000 H-4 visa holders, who have work permits.

The H-4 visas are issued by the USCIS to immediate family members (spouse and children under 21 years of age) of the holders of H-1B visa.

The DHS said it will propose to revise the definition of speciality occupation to increase focus on obtaining the best and the brightest foreign nationals via the H-1B programme.

It will also “revise the definition” of employment and employer-employee relationship to “better protect” US workers and wages, the DHS said.

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President Donald Trump speaks about immigration alongside family members affected by crimes committed by undocumented immigrants, at the South Court Auditorium on the White House complex, June 22, 2018, in Washington, VOA

In his remarks on Thursday, Kumar said that India is closely engaged with the US administration as well as the US Congress on this matter.

Stating that there are certain bills which have been introduced, he, however, said that “it is important to note that none of these bills have been passed so far”.

“When we have engaged with the US, we have emphasised that our partnership which we have in the digital sphere have been mutually beneficial,” the spokesperson said.

Also Read: USA And Other Countries Pledge To Eradicate Illegal Wildlife Trade

“We have highlighted the role which has been played by the highly skilled Indian professionals who have actually contributed to the growth and development of the US economy,” he stated.

“And also they have helped the US to maintain a competitive edge in the world towards innovation and science and technology.” (IANS)