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Indian Literature
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Tamil inscriptions of epics, written on palm leaves

Among the Tamil epics written during the Sangam age, only a few survived to this day. Manimegalai is one such. It is written as a sequel to the Sillapadikaram, taking the story forward of Kovalan and Madhavi's daughter, Manimegalai. The Sillapadikaram is about the injustice of the Madurai kingdom in the execution of Kovalan, which turned Kannagi, his wife into a goddess seeking vengeance for her husband's death. Kovalan, before his death, has an affair with a court dancer, Madhavi, and his daughter, Manimegalai, is said to begin a different tradition among the Tamils.

The epic, written by Sattanar, introduces Buddhism to Dravidian culture, something that has been alien to them for years. Manimegalai is the protagonist, who flees constantly from the pursuit of Chola prince Udhayakumara, and tries to lead an ascetic life. Throughout the plot, Buddhist tenets are used to avoid the culmination of a love-story. Manimegalai is believed to be the anti-love story sequel to the Sillapadikaram.

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Kannagi statue at Marina Beach, Chennai

The Tamil Culture began in India during the Sangam age, when the three kingdoms of the South, Pandya, Chera, and Cholas ruled the Southern peninsula. Together they contributed immensely to the heritage, literature, and the religion of South India. Among the many literary texts of the age, Sillapadikaram is an important epic that deeply impacted the city of Madurai, and established a cult among the Tamils which thrives even today.


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Tipu Sultan's palace was carved entirely of teak wood and elaborately decorated

The last of the kings of Srirangapatna, Tipu Sultan fought like a Tiger against British Imperialism in the 18th century. He succumbed to the East India Company's power in the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War, and is survived by the immense architecture and legacy that dots Mysore in places today. He was succeeded by the Wodeyars of Mysore, who currently inhabit the Mysore Palace.

Tipu's summer palace in Srirangapatna is a well-crafted example of Indo-Islamic architecture. The walls are carved from teak wood, and lined with gold, silver, and precious stones. It houses the remains of the dynasty that Hyder Ali, Tipu's father, established in the princely state. Coins, artillery, clothes, and paintings are displayed in the ground floor of the palace, while the first floor is reserved for the view of the gardens from the pristine balconies.

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By Prakhar Patidar

Archetypes are characters with universal appeal. We know them enough to be familiar, but not too much for them to be redundant like stereotypes. They are notably recurrent in the human experience. Think about the protective father or the intuitive mother. There are 12 archetypal characters and in this article, we look at the archetype of the Jester in Indian mythology.

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