Never miss a story

Get subscribed to our newsletter


×
Pexels

The first Indian Railways passenger train operated by the Great Indian Peninsula Railway was flagged from Bori Bunder Bombay to Thane covering a distance of 34 kilometers on April 16th, 1853.

Indian railway has been serving the country since 1853 without taking breaking, providing the utmost service to people. 168 years later Indian railway has emerged as one of the largest employers for the people with over 14 lakhs employees it has earned the place of the eighth biggest employer of the world.

The first Indian Railways passenger train operated by the Great Indian Peninsula Railway was flagged from Bori Bunder Bombay to Thane covering a distance of 34 kilometers on April 16th, 1853. The 14-carriage train started from now Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminal hauling by three steam locomotive- Sindh, Sahib, and Sultan with 400 passengers on boards.


The Indian Railways in India are the largest rail web in Asia and the world's second-largest under one management. The Railway network has held the nation with a population of one billion people together as the lifeline of the nation.

Follow NewsGram on Twitter to stay updated about the World news.

East India Company laid down the foundation of the Indian Railway

Great Britain was faced with the major cotton crop failure in 1846 in America, which caused the textile merchants at Manchester and Glasgow to seek alternatives in the markets. This crisis brought their attention to the cotton crop produced in India. But the crop was produced in various parts of the sub-continent. With no transportation that could quickly meet the demands in the market British introduced railways in India and laid down the first track in the country.

Britishers felt that with the introduction of a railway in the country organizing and dispersing the growing native population, faster deployment of troops would be better handled by a railway. A few years later in 1845 under the guidance of George T. Clarke, a strong lobby in Bombay supporting railway communication formed a body called the Bombay Great Eastern Railway. Even though this help with the momentum of the project people who were familiar with India's topography and geography, opposed the construction of railways as a "premature and expensive undertaking" and a "hazardous and "dangerous venture".

Kistna viaduct, Great Indian Peninsula Railway As of August 1, 1849, the Act to incorporate the Great Indian Peninsula Railway came into beingWikimedia commons

As of August 1, 1849, the Act to incorporate the Great Indian Peninsula Railway came into being. The railway line was referred to as an "Experimental line of Railway" throughout the contract. The construction of railways began and the Bombay railway line was finally ready by November 1852 but it was not until April 16, 1853, that, the first train in India officially was flagged out of the station. The Bombay government declared the day as a public holiday.

ALSO READ: Facts about Indian Railways you can't miss

Since then, there has been no looking back. Indian railway expanded in all directions north, south, east, and west. By the end of 1850, Bombay, Calcutta, and Madras had signed agreements to prepare trial lines to run inland. Today, the Indian Railways manages the track more than 120,000 km of the country.

Keywords: Railways, India, East India Company, Indian Railway, Railway's history, First Indian train


Popular

Photo by Tim Mossholder on Unsplash

Between zoom meetings, webinars, you're walking a tight rope to balance work from home and domestic chores, in all this its easy to forget about taking care of yourself.

By IANSlife

Between zoom meetings, webinars, you're walking a tight rope to balance work from home and domestic chores, in all this its easy to forget about taking care of yourself. It's imperative to squeeze in a few hours to indulge in yourself, whether its a massage or a hair spa treatment.

It comes with a range of accessories which includes the 40mm Airwrap long barrels, 30mm Airwra barrels, a Firm smoothing brush, a Soft smoothing brush, a Round volumising brush, the Pre-styling dryer, a non-slip heat-resistant mat to place your styler on, a Storage case and even a Filter cleaning brush. A Storage bag (Iron/Fuchsia) securely stores your Dyson Airwrap when you're on the move.

Keep Reading Show less
IANS

"The discovery of each new world provides a unique glimpse into the physics that play a role in planet formation," said lead author Jon Zink, a UCLA postdoctoral scholar.

An international team of astronomers has identified 366 new exoplanets, using data from the NASA Kepler Space Telescope's K2 mission. The findings, described in a paper published in the Astronomical Journal, showed a planetary system that comprises a star and at least two gas giant planets, each roughly the size of Saturn and located unusually close to one another.

The discovery is significant because it's rare to find gas giants -- like Saturn in the solar system -- as close to their host star as they were in this case. The researchers cannot yet explain why it occurred there, but it makes the finding especially useful because it could help scientists form a more accurate understanding of the parameters for how planets and planetary systems develop.

NASA - Alone in Space - Astronomers Find New Kind of Planet An international team of astronomers has identified 366 new exoplanets, using data from the NASA Kepler Space Telescope's K2 mission. | NASA

Keep Reading Show less
Pxhere

New moms can follow the given tips to take care of their little ones and protect them from the harmful effects of harsh winds blowing outside.

By Dr Anil Batra

The winter comes with its own set of hassles. New moms have to be careful because they have to take care of themselves and their babies. It becomes imperative to protect babies from the harsh season. The immune system of newborn babies is developing, which makes them susceptible to respiratory infections. But, you can take preventive measures to keep your child warm and safe. Newborn babies need extra care until their immune system becomes stronger to protect their bodies from the harmful effects of viruses and bacteria that usually become more active in the winter season. A drop in the temperature can aggravate different processes in the body, therefore, moms need to take extra care of newborn babies during winters.

New moms can follow the given tips to take care of their little ones and protect them from the harmful effects of harsh winds blowing outside.

Keep reading... Show less