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Different Versions of India’s National Song ‘Vande Mataram’ over the past 140 Years of its History

Shri Aurobindo had translated Vande Mataram to English in 1909

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National Song of India
Vande Mataram. Wikimedia
  • ‘Vande Mataram’ is the National Song of India written by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay
  • The song was published in 1876 in a mix of Bengali and Sanskrit words
  • Vande Mataram was also a slogan for the freedom fighters of the nation

August 19, 2017: It was in 1876 that Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay wrote Sanskrit and Bengali mixed verses of Vande Mataram, the national song of India. However, it was originally written in Bengali as ‘Bande Matara’ a few years before it published.

The most famous rendition of the National Song was carried out at an Indian National Congress meeting by Rabindranath Tagore in 1896.

ALSO READ: Bankim Chandra Chatterjee: Remembering the voice who gave India ‘Vande Mataram’

Vande Mataram as a phrase was also of common usage among the freedom fighters during the struggle for independence from the British rule.

The song has been used in the pop culture and Bollywood in a variety of ways. In 1952, Lata Mangeshkar covered the song on Hemant Kumar’s tune for the movie Anand Math. Later in 1998, Lata Mangeshkar did her over version which had added stanzas of Hindi but the tune remained the same.

Manna Dey’s version came out in 1951 and AR Rehman’s version of the song came out in 1997 as Maa Tujhe Salaam. The most recent, in 2012, Sonu Nigam along with Sunidhi Chauhan did a version featuring famous percussionist Bickram Ghosh.

In poetry as well, different ragas have been used to express the national song.

The father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi, favored Pandit VD Paluskar’s composition. Paluskar himself was known for singing the song in Congress meetings. Interestingly enough, he was once intercepted by Maulana Ahmed Ali’s objection at the Kakinada Convention in 1933.

The Congress decided to use the song’s first two stanzas while excluding the other half which is about Hindu goddesses. These two stanzas were sung at the All India Radio on 15th August 1947 by Pandit Omkarnath Thakur.

Tagore’s version in 1896 was a slower one. A gramophone record of 1904 which is now available online was released with Tagore’s voice.

Shri Aurobindo had translated Vande Mataram to English in 1909.

Vande Mataram, in its over 140 years of history, has come under a lot of allegations. Starting with the origination, Vande Mataram faces challenges as it comes from Chattopadhyay’s novel Anandamath in which the enemy was identified as the Muslim ruling class. Additionally, the invocation of Hindu goddesses in later stanzas was questioned as well.

However, the song still managed to become India’s national song with Jana Gana Mana being the national anthem.

The Indian National Army (INA) had composed a Hindi version of Jana Gana Mana to replace their anthem for Provisional Government for Free India in Singapore, which was Vande Mataram.

Objections to Vande Mataram were first aired publicly in 1933. At the time, Vande Mataram was sung along Saare Jahan Se Acha by poet Allama Iqbal. Iqbal had written this song in 1904 and had initially titled it as Tarana-e-Hind. But within two years, drastic changes took place. Iqbal became an advocate for the two nation theory and demanded a separate Pakistan. He also changed the title of the song to Tarana-e-Milli.

– Prepared by Saksham Narula of NewsGram. Twitter: @Saksham2394


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Bollywood’s Foreign Actresses Getting Acting Roles Now

They got typecast as "item girls", but now, they believe things are changing and Bollywood is noticing their acting skills

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Norah Fatehi, Evelyn Sharma and Elli AvrRam, Bollywood, actress
Norah Fatehi, Evelyn Sharma and Elli AvrRam. IANS

They crossed borders with mostly acting on their minds. Instead, they got typecast as “item girls”. Now, they believe things are changing. Bollywood is noticing their acting skills, insist Nora Fatehi, Elli AvRam and Evelyn Sharma.

If it’s about dance and happens to be a recreation, then “Dilbar” girl Nora is your go-to person in Bollywood right now. Nora, who had moved from Canada to India a few years ago to become an actress in Bollywood, has done some intense drama opposite Vicky Kaushal in the music video of singer Arijit Singh’s “Pachtaoge”, an interesting cameo turn in “Batla House”.

“This year the audience gets to slowly see my acting abilities with projects such as ‘Batla House’ and the forthcoming ‘Street Dancer 3D’. I’ve been waiting for such opportunities to come my way as I’ve always wanted to be an actress. With a project like ‘Pachtaoge’, I got to purely showcase my acting skills to another level,” Nora said.

She made her acting debut with “Roar: Tigers If The Sundarbans” in 2014, but the dud show of the film meant her scope as an actress did not get much of an impetus.

Norah Fatehi, Evelyn Sharma and Elli AvrRam, Bollywood, actress
Actor Vicky Kaushal, who appreas in the music video of Arijit Singh’s new non-film single, “Pachtaaogay”, says that, unlike in the video, he has never had any sort of drama in his real-life relationship where he had to suffer. IANS

“Then I started doing whatever came my way. I got the opportunity to feature in hit songs, and I tried to showcase my dancing skills through them. Despite not being a trained dancer, I became a dancing sensation, which I would not have expected 10 years back. I just went with the flow. It was not planned,” Nora had told IANS.

“I am now where I am just because of my dance performances. People paid attention to me because of my dances. I feel my dance performances are helping in growing my brand as an artiste, as a lot of projects – including acting roles – are coming my way. Doors have opened for me,” she added.

Swedish-Greek origin stunner Elli AvrRam, has a similar story. She has had a mix of dance and acting projects. She played the lead actress in “Mickey Virus” and also shared screen space with comedy King Kapil Sharma in “Kis Kisko Pyaar Karoon”, but it was her dance numbers in movies like “Fraud Saiyaan” and “Poster Boys” that got her attention. Her “Chamma chamma” dance in “Fraud Saiyaan”, recreating an Urmila Matondkar original from the nineties, was a runaway hit. What’s more, she had a comic little cameo role in the film, too.

“I have to say I’m really grateful to be part of the remake of such a timeless iconic song with stunning and powerful Urmila Matondkar,” she had tweeted.

ALSO READ: “Modern” Families in India, Today Adopting So Called “Old-Style” Habit of Cooking with Desi Ghee

German-Indian actress Evelyn Sharma’s journey in Bollywood has been a bit different. She has also shown her dancing skills, but mostly in music videos of songs including “Anni pa de”. In films, irrespective of their scale, she has mostly done acting. “Yeh Jawaani Hai Deewani” and most recently the multi-lingual “Saaho”, starring Prabhas, are some of her films that she can boast about.

“‘Saaho’ is my debut film in Tollywood. Telugu was difficult to learn initially but I had so many people to guide me on the sets – like Prabhas and director Sujeeth, so I managed to learn my lines quickly. I have finally learned Hindi now and Telugu is a completely different language. But I’m always up for a good challenge! We had so much fun shooting together with the pan-Indian cast, in three different languages!” Evelyn had said.

In the movie, Evelyn’s character is called Jennifer. “It’s a small but significant role where I will be seen in an action avatar for the first time,” the actress had said, adding: “I couldn’t be happier that I am a part of the biggest action thriller of 2019.”

Other imports include Katrina Kaif and Jacqueline Fernandez, who are more than pretty faces or the “spicy” ingredients in Bollywood films. (IANS)