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Indo-African Summit: India expediting self-reliance in international arena

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By-Surbhi Moudgil

The Indo-African Forum Summit in New Delhi is set to take place from October 26 to 29, 2015. The summit would discuss the issues related to World Trade Organization (WTO), self-reliance, economic liberalization and how to decrease Official Development Assistance (ODA) dependence in African nations.

As India and Africa are on similar junctures of development, sustainability and self-dependence, India steps towards guiding Africa from experiences of economic liberalization that began in 1991 to limit its dependence on the net ODA.

Indian government initiated various schemes like, National Watershed Development Project, Kisan Credit Card Scheme to make adequate and timely credit available to farmers. On the other hand, fast-track review of Public Sector Units (PSUs) under the department of Heavy Industry were initiated with a view to make them economically viable.

On similar lines, to achieve sustainability and keeping the climate issues in check, India is on a mission to garner energy from alternate sources like sun and water. The government has taken policy measures to equip households with solar panels to address their energy needs.

These experiences and learnings of Indian way of achieving the SDGs would help the African nations to address their daily needs in various fields. It is imperative for India to help these nations to get support on international fora where it seeks to identify itself as a global leader in the South Asian region.

The big brother India, in the subcontinent, is gradually and cautiously striding into building a parallel image on the global front. Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s, bilateral venture into propagating and assisting other nations to achieve the self-sustainable goal, showcases his vision.

The alignment of Africa and India on the concerns of World Trade Organization (WTO) will be rewarding on both sides.

The venture is anticipating to achieve the targets of: sustainable development, infrastructure, inclusive growth, human resources’, accountable institutions and new global partnership.

Higher the ratio of interdependence, better are the chances of enduring bilateral relations. India desires to achieve the similar relations with Africa, as countries in that subcontinent are on the similar transformation level as India’s.

Prime Minister Modi, expressed his expectations from his collaboration, “We will create conditions that stimulate trade and investment flows between our countries. We will work together to address the problems of climate change. We will explore new areas like a sustainable blue economy. We hope to learn a great deal from numerous African success stories,”

With both the States visualising to accomplish great heights from this interdependency, one needs to evoke the theory of Big Push to create a long standing impact of development.

Paul Rosenstein-Rodan in his theory of Big Push deliberates a path way to create an impactful version of sustainable development in a collaboration. He points out, “There is a minimum level of resources’ that must be devoted… a development programme if it is to have any chance of success. Launching a country into self-sustaining growth is like getting an airplane off the ground. There is a critical ground speed which must be passed before the craft can be airborne…”

India is strategically building its stance in the international arena as not the penurious but the patron. In the recent past, twenty three countries had requested India to evacuate their citizens from Yemen and now India is investing into building self-reliance in Africa are merry stepping stones to achieve a status of developed nation with superior capabilities for advanced international relations.

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An insight into the biggest political parties of India

The next state polls of 2018 will be an acid test for Rahul Gandhi to prove his mettle as a leader

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The recent clash of BJP and Congress have re-balanced the political scenario of India. Wikimedia Commons
The recent clash of BJP and Congress have re-balanced the political scenario of India. Wikimedia Commons

NEW DELHI: Indian being a political democratic country, houses a lot of political parties. Since independence, many new parties have emerged to take up the fight for various sections of the society. One of the examples of such a party is AAP (Aam Admi Party). AAP came up with strong political ethics to root out issues faced by a commons man but now the very existence of this party is in question due to poor performance and incompetence of some of its top leaders. But the most prominent of all of the political parties in India are BJP (Bharatiya Janta Party) and the Indian National Congress.

BJP encouraged the construction of the temple of God Rama at the site of the Babri Masjid. Wikimedia Commons
BJP encouraged the construction of the temple of God Rama at the site of the Babri Masjid. Wikimedia Commons

In 1980, BJP surfaced from a former party known as Bharatiya Jana Sangh which was founded by Syama Prasad Mookerjee. BJP’s agenda during the 1980s focused on the ‘Ram Janambhoomi movement’. The party encouraged the construction of the temple of God Rama at the site of the Babri Masjid. This issue gave the Hindu colour denomination to BJP and in 1996; it emerged as the largest party in the parliament. After being kept away from the power for long, Narendra Modi led the BJP to unprecedented heights in the last elections and the competition was put up by him was unmatchable.

On the other hand, Congress is a more matured political party of India. It got established in the year 1885. After the independence, Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru became the leader of free India. Nehru was the front face of the political governance in India but after his assassination, his daughter Indira Gandhi took the charge and became the prime minister in 1966. Unfortunately, Indira Gandhi also got assassinated and her son, Rajiv Gandhi took up the reigns of the party. In the sequence of assassination, Rajiv Gandhi was the next target. Sonia Gandhi came to power in 1998 and she led the party from the front in 2004 elections. This resulted in the political rule of Congress under Manmohan Singh.

After the independence, Congress head Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru became the leader of free India. Wikimedia Commons
After the independence, Congress head Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru became the leader of free India. Wikimedia Commons

The recent Assembly election of Gujarat was a real eye-opener for many, as the people’s right to vote was seen quite considerably y exercised. The Congress resistance in the very own fortress of Narendra Modi was a heavy blow to the Modi wave that swept the country. Although, BJP had the last laugh in the election results but the close fight Syama Prasad Mookerjee from the Congress side was appreciable. The new trend seems to be rebalancing the political scenario in India. The tussle between the BJP and Congress will definitely go down in the history of Indian politics.

Nowadays, Twitter is another playground for political parties. The rule of social media platforms has pushed Indian leaders to communicate in the same manner. It’s vividly seen that people take up to twitter to express their views and differences. Rahul Gandhi vetted his displeasure over the performance of BJP in the latest series of attacks by Rahul against Prime Minister Modi.

Last month only, Rahul Gandhi was crowned as the party head. Therefore, the state polls of 2018 will be an acid test for Rahul to prove his mettle as a leader. It will be interesting to see the new strategies that will be deployed by Congress to take an edge over their arch rivals, BJP.