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Indo-African Summit: India expediting self-reliance in international arena

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By-Surbhi Moudgil

The Indo-African Forum Summit in New Delhi is set to take place from October 26 to 29, 2015. The summit would discuss the issues related to World Trade Organization (WTO), self-reliance, economic liberalization and how to decrease Official Development Assistance (ODA) dependence in African nations.

As India and Africa are on similar junctures of development, sustainability and self-dependence, India steps towards guiding Africa from experiences of economic liberalization that began in 1991 to limit its dependence on the net ODA.

Indian government initiated various schemes like, National Watershed Development Project, Kisan Credit Card Scheme to make adequate and timely credit available to farmers. On the other hand, fast-track review of Public Sector Units (PSUs) under the department of Heavy Industry were initiated with a view to make them economically viable.

On similar lines, to achieve sustainability and keeping the climate issues in check, India is on a mission to garner energy from alternate sources like sun and water. The government has taken policy measures to equip households with solar panels to address their energy needs.

These experiences and learnings of Indian way of achieving the SDGs would help the African nations to address their daily needs in various fields. It is imperative for India to help these nations to get support on international fora where it seeks to identify itself as a global leader in the South Asian region.

The big brother India, in the subcontinent, is gradually and cautiously striding into building a parallel image on the global front. Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s, bilateral venture into propagating and assisting other nations to achieve the self-sustainable goal, showcases his vision.

The alignment of Africa and India on the concerns of World Trade Organization (WTO) will be rewarding on both sides.

The venture is anticipating to achieve the targets of: sustainable development, infrastructure, inclusive growth, human resources’, accountable institutions and new global partnership.

Higher the ratio of interdependence, better are the chances of enduring bilateral relations. India desires to achieve the similar relations with Africa, as countries in that subcontinent are on the similar transformation level as India’s.

Prime Minister Modi, expressed his expectations from his collaboration, “We will create conditions that stimulate trade and investment flows between our countries. We will work together to address the problems of climate change. We will explore new areas like a sustainable blue economy. We hope to learn a great deal from numerous African success stories,”

With both the States visualising to accomplish great heights from this interdependency, one needs to evoke the theory of Big Push to create a long standing impact of development.

Paul Rosenstein-Rodan in his theory of Big Push deliberates a path way to create an impactful version of sustainable development in a collaboration. He points out, “There is a minimum level of resources’ that must be devoted… a development programme if it is to have any chance of success. Launching a country into self-sustaining growth is like getting an airplane off the ground. There is a critical ground speed which must be passed before the craft can be airborne…”

India is strategically building its stance in the international arena as not the penurious but the patron. In the recent past, twenty three countries had requested India to evacuate their citizens from Yemen and now India is investing into building self-reliance in Africa are merry stepping stones to achieve a status of developed nation with superior capabilities for advanced international relations.

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PM Narendra Modi Engages with Celebrities to Boost Visibility

Ahead of the 2019 elections, Modi has been increasingly reaching out to Bollywood celebrities to urge citizens to cast their vote

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India, elections, vietnam, BJP
India's Prime Minister Narendra Modi gestures as he addresses a gathering in New Delhi, India. VOA

Prime Minister Narendra Modi engaged with celebrities across different fields effectively on social media in the run-up to the 2014 general elections to raise his visibility and further his electoral ambitions, as per a US study.

Joyojeet Pal, an associate professor at the University of Michigan’s School of Information, examined more than 9,000 tweets from @narendramodi between February 2009 and October 2015 to research Modi’s engagement with Indian public figures before and after elections.

As per the study, ‘Brand Modi: Decoding social media engagement with celebrities’, there were three distinct phases of engagement that happened in the six years for which he studied Modi’s tweets.

It was noticed in the first phase, Modi reached out to Amitabh Bachchan, businessman Narayana Murthy, cricketer Sachin Tendulkar and spiritual leader Sri Sri Ravi Shankar. “By engaging with them, he presented the idea that people outside his core support group and with broad followings were willing to engage with him,” Pal said.

Around 2013, his approach moved to getting support for his campaign by referring to various celebrities in his tweets, posing with them, and in some cases, getting their outright endorsement for the campaign. During this phase, celebrity engagement was mainly through pictures showing affiliation.

Narendra Modi
Narendra Modi.(Wikimedia Commons)

The efforts rounded off post-election when Modi called on celebrities primarily as champions for his initiatives.

According to Pal, this was the phase when Modi presented his initiatives as campaigns with national appeal rather than something imposed on the country.

This, Pal said, was particularly seen with Swachh Bharat, a national movement to clean up India’s roads and infrastructure, and, subsequently, with demonetisation. Celebrity engagement at these points presents the views of a collaborative, thoughtful leader.

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Number of Modi’s Twitter followers stands at 46.6 million, and he continues to engage with celebrities.

Ahead of the 2019 elections, Modi has been increasingly reaching out to Bollywood celebrities to urge citizens to cast their vote. (IANS)

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