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The main profession of the people of Indus valley civilization was trading and farming. Besides rice, wheat, barley, peas they also produced cotton, dates in large quantity. They were first to produce cotton. Granaries were used to store the food grains. Wikimedia Commons

The world observed its first three human civilizations simultaneously. One was Mesopotamia in the middle-east, one more in China, and the Indus Valley Civilization of India. The towns of Indus Valley Civilization were divided into two parts – Upper part (or Citadel) and Lower Part. The Upper part was an artificial platform about 50 Ft high.

A Great bath had been found in Mohenjodaro. It is one of the earliest public water tanks. The size of the bath is very large – 12 meter by 7 meters and 2.4 meters deep.

ALSO READ: New studies published in Nature reveal, Indus era is 8,000-year-old and older than Egyptian and Mesopotamian civilization

It is believed that the great bath was used for the ritual bathing. Wikimedia Commons

Here are 9 must-know facts about Indus Valley Civilization:

1. Also known as the Harappan Civilization, it once had a population of over five million. They used to conduct trade far west in southern Mesopotamia.

2. The Harappan script has yet not been deciphered. A relationship with the Dravidian or Elamo-Dravidian language family is favored by a section of scholars.

3. Bangle making, Pottery, Flint tool work were also practiced. They had trade relations with many countries. A dockyard is found in Lothal.

4. The cities were the main places for trading. About 1000 cities were found. The popular cities of that time were Mohenjo Daro, Harappa, Lothal, Banwali.

From a discovered seal of that era, it is revealed that they used to worship Pashupati (lord of cattle). Wikimedia Commons

5. It is found that people of that era worshiped animals and birds. They also worshiped Mother goddess, Lingam, and Yoni.

6. There are numerous theories that explain the reason behind the destruction of this great civilization. Many people believe, blood, drying up of the river, deforestation were the main reasons behind the destruction of this civilization. Some people believe the invasion of Aryans was the cause of destruction.

ALSO READ: Neither Aryans migrated into north-west India, nor did Tamils migrate into South India: Michel Danino

7. The Indus Valley Civilization existed in the bronze age, for nearly about 1000 years from 2500 BC to 1500 BC.

8. Indus Valley Civilization used to cover an area of about 1,260,000 km².

9. People of Indus Valley Civilization had exceptional engineering skills. These people used to build their buildings with bricks, having a very different town planning, their drainage system too, was really efficient. They followed grid system for the planning of towns.



Kashmir's natural splendour, with its beautiful valleys and towering mountains, is really unlike anywhere.

Along with the undeniable natural beauty, the Kashmir valley has developed a reputation for adventurous activities like trekking, hiking, and river rafting. Kashmir has maintained its charm, allowing us to time-travel into beautiful destinations which make one forget about the stress and worries of life. The hikes in Kashmir offer adventurers to go on a self-discovery trip through nature's lap over the mountains while taking in the breathtaking scenery that surrounds them on their journey. In addition to the hikes, there are many thrilling adventure activities, like rock climbing, rope climbing, etc. Trekking across the region of mountains and lakes will allow you to experience living in the "Paradise on Earth," and you wouldn't want to return to your regular life after that.

The following are some of the finest hiking destinations in Kashmir:

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Pind Daan at Jagannath Ghat, Kolkata.

The Pitru Paksha starts after the Full Moon day, and this day marks the beginning of the waning phase of the Lunar cycle. This event is roughly of 15-day period, and is of great significance. From this day, rituals like Tarpan or Tarpanam and Shradh are carried out to pay respects to dead relatives and ancestors.

It is believed that from the very first day till the last day, the unhappy souls of the deceased return to the Earth to see their family members. So, in order to ensure that the dead attain Moksha, i.e. to get liberation, family members of these souls quench their thirst and satisfy their hunger by performing the Pind Daan, which includes offering food consisting of cooked rice and black sesame seeds. The literal meaning of Pind Daan is the act of satisfying those who no longer exist physically.

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Cubbon Park is a lush green garden at the heart of Bangalore

At the heart of Bangalore city, a large 300-acre space of lush greenery and heritage stands as a symbol of the city's past, present, and future. Cubbon Park is every child's favourite park, every Bangalorean's haven of fresh air, and altogether, the city's pride.

It stands testament to the past, in terms of the diversity of flora it houses. Bangalore traffic in the recent past has grown into a menace, but the stretch between MG Road and Cubbon Park is always a pleasurable place to stop and wait for the signal to turn green. The gust of wind that blows here, and the smell of mud, coupled with floral scents instantly transports citizens to Old Bangalore, where the weather was fine, and the trees loomed over roads with thick canopies that did not even allow rainwater to penetrate. Cubbon Park is also a historical site, and one of the few remaining monuments of colonial heritage in Central Bangalore. It houses many statues and among them, the most famous is that of Queen Victoria, which faces the St. Mark's Square.

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