Wednesday October 24, 2018

Newly Developed Inhaler to Treat Migraine Without Medicine, says Study

While 45 per cent people experienced an effect the first time, and that number rose to 78 per cent the second time

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Migraine
New inhaler can help treat migraine without medicine: Study. Pixabay
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Some migraine patients can cut down on medication or stop using it completely by using a newly developed inhaler which changes the composition of the air we breathe, results of a clinical trial say.

Migraines occur as part of a chain reaction during which the veins in the brain contract and the blood cannot therefore supply the brain with sufficient oxygen, the researchers said.

In the study, the team from the Aarhus University in Denmark examined a small group of patients who suffer from migraine with aura, which is where they experience either sensory or visual disturbances before the painful headaches begin.

The novel inhaler slightly changes the body’s own molecules.

It utilises carbon dioxide and oxygen, which are the body’s natural molecules for mobilising its own defence against migraine attacks.

Migraine
Migraine is a risk factor for sudden sensorineural hearing loss — characterized by rapid loss of hearing in one or both ears, which may occur immediately or over the course of several days. Pixabay

“The inhaler expands the blood vessels that supply the brain with oxygen by up to seventy per cent and thereby stops the destructive chain reaction,” said Troels Johansen, from the varsity.

Johansen added that the effect of the treatment starts after a few seconds.

The results, published in the journal Cephalalgia, showed that the effect of the pain relief increased significantly with each use of the inhaler.

Also Read- Does Chiropractic Care Result in Vision Loss? Check out Here

While 45 per cent people experienced an effect the first time, and that number rose to 78 per cent the second time.

“The study shows some very significant physiological effects in the body,” Johansen said, adding that the team is now planning to conduct a large clinical trial that will also include migraine without aura and chronic migraine. (IANS)

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Is Migraine Linked to Ear Disorders?

The researchers hypothesized that these abnormalities could be a result of compromised blood supply to the auditory system due to the migraine attacks

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Migraine
Migraine is a risk factor for sudden sensorineural hearing loss -- characterized by rapid loss of hearing in one or both ears, which may occur immediately or over the course of several days. Pixabay

People with chronic migraines may be at an increased risk of developing tinnitus — feeling of ringing in the ears — and other inner ear disorders, than those without the severe headache condition, says a study.

The researchers found that the risk of cochlear disorders, especially for tinnitus, was found to be significantly higher among patients with a history of migraines.

The study may support the presence and/or concept of “cochlear migraine”, said researchers including Juen-Haur Hwang from Dalin Tzu Chi Hospital, Taiwan.

Cochlear disorders are a condition that affect “snail shell shaped” part of the inner ear which receives sound in the form of vibrations and includes tinnitus, sensorineural hearing impairment, and/or sudden deafness.

The researchers found that the risk of cochlear disorders, especially for tinnitus, was found to be significantly higher among patients with a history of migraines.
The researchers found that the risk of cochlear disorders, especially for tinnitus, was found to be significantly higher among patients with a history of migraines. Pixabay

For the study, published in the journal JAMA Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery, the team included data from 1,056 patients with a history of migraines and 4,224 controls.

The cumulative incidence of cochlear disorders in the migraine cohort was significantly higher by 12.2 per cent than that in the matched non-migraine cohort of nearly six per cent.

Subgroup analysis showed that compared with the non-migraine cohort, the adjusted hazard ratios in the migraine cohort were 3.30 for tinnitus, 1.03 for sensorineural hearing impairment, and 1.22 for sudden deafness, suggesting that people with migraine history are more susceptible to developing tinnitus than any other form of cochlear disorders.

Also Read: High BP Medicine May Help Treat Migraine

Another study, published in the journal Cephalalgia, showed that migraine is a risk factor for sudden sensorineural hearing loss — characterized by rapid loss of hearing in one or both ears, which may occur immediately or over the course of several days.

The researchers hypothesized that these abnormalities could be a result of compromised blood supply to the auditory system due to the migraine attacks. (IANS)

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