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Introduction to the Indo-Fijians

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Image Source- Fijileaks
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Back in 1879, when the British took in the ‘indentured laborers’ from across the whole of India, a large section of the population were transported to the islands of Fiji. And from there the journey started, eventually developing into a new cultural and ethnic evolution of the Indo-Fijians.

  • Settlement and Economy

Viti Levu, one the largest island in the group of Fijian archipelago, consists of the largest Indo-Fijian settlement. The group which once used to cover about 48 per cent of the population now have fall by a margin of 3 per cent after the military coup of 1987.  To trace the cause, we should start with the Fijian law which had back in the days of Colonists stated that there should be an avoidance of inter-mingling between the Fijian and the Indian communities.

Thus, as ordained, the Indo-Fijians mostly inhabited the coastal towns of the islands and opened small shops and projected themselves towards the sugar-cane industry. Though a minority, they soon managed to gain the economical control of the states in their own hands.

The situation was annoying to the Fijians, particularly when it came down to the sugar-cane business, a major cash crop of the regime. And this ultimately ignited the coup which forced a part of the Indo-Fijians to migrate to the countries of Australia, UK and USA.

The migration severely affected the Fijian society resulting in the loss of the one-third of academicians, lawyers and other professionals.

  • The present relations

Though, the situation between the communities has relative cooled down a bit from 1988 onwards, still much mixing between them is not expected especially if it comes to forming a romantic relations, e.g. – dating or marriage. Though, the irony is that dating someone from the European community is not faced with hindrances at all.

  • The Culture
  1. Language, attire and religion

The Indo-Fijians have retained much of their cultural and societal norms with them, still. It can be elucidated by the example of the popularity of sarees, a traditional Indian wear, among the female members. The most common greeting in Fiji Hindi, a lingo which evolved with generations of Indians settled in the islands, is not surprisingly Namaste.

The major religion among the community is Hinduism, beside Islam and Christianity. A range of secular festivities are performed by the people like celebration of Diwali, the observation and fasts at the time of Ramadan and last but not least that of the Christmas and the Boxing Day.

The Hindu epics of Ramayana and Mahabharata has established an important position in their lives and is highly revered by them.

The source of entertainment comes mostly from outside Fiji, such as from the Hindi film and music industry. A substantial number of videos and cassettes are readily found in the shops of the common localities.

Other than that many classical dance and music academies are opened by the Indo-Fijians. They take heavy interest in continuing the performance arts and encourage the rest of the members to do as well.

2. Food, Education and Others

Then there is the sector of education, which the elders as well the younger generation take into much consideration. Not a thing to be neglected most of the Indo-Fijians pursue the path of higher degrees.

The Indian food culture also has taken its hold there, with the ‘Roti’ which has become a staple food and custom of only eating their meals with right hands.

Ultimately, it will be interesting to know that like the much of India, the craze of Cricket has also reach its zenith among the common folks of the community. (Input from agencies)

 

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  • sudheer naik

    It is a great sign that Indo-Fijians still preserve there Indian culture,language,attire and religion.It is find that most community is Hinduism rather than Islamic and Christianity among Indo-Fijians

  • Shriya Katoch

    It is interesting that Indo Fijians still preserve their Indian traditional roots .

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  • sudheer naik

    It is a great sign that Indo-Fijians still preserve there Indian culture,language,attire and religion.It is find that most community is Hinduism rather than Islamic and Christianity among Indo-Fijians

  • Shriya Katoch

    It is interesting that Indo Fijians still preserve their Indian traditional roots .

Next Story

List of UPA Schemes Renamed by Modi Government

The above comparison shows that BJP is not only trying to steal the credit of previously launched schemes by Congress party by just repackaging them as new schemes

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India, elections, vietnam, BJP
Modi's LPG scheme reduced household air pollution: Study, VOA

A lot of BJP supporters claim that government led by Narendra Modi has launched several schemes for the development of nation in the last four years. What they failed to acknowledge that Narendra Modi has done nothing else than repackaging and renaming the previous schemes started by Congress and took their credit to his name. Shocked, aren’t you? In the last four years, Modi government has failed to develop any original ideas. So in order to appear like the government is working, they have renamed various successfully running schemes started by Congress party to fool people of the nation into believing that BJP has launched numerous schemes in the country. If you find this fact hard to believe, here is the list of s Modi government schemes that are nothing but altered name previously running schemes in the nation:

Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana

Originally Basic Savings Bank Deposit Account (BSDBA)

The (BSBDA) scheme was launched in August 2012 according to RBI which provided facility of no minimum balance required to maintain the bank account and avail all the banking services. The number of withdrawals were however limited to 4 per month. The Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) is nothing else than a wrap up on BSDAB scheme adding Rs 1 lakh of accident insurance, overdraft facility up to Rs 5,000 and a life insurance of Rs 30,000 to previous BSDAB accounts.

Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao Yojana (BBBPY)

Originally National Girl Child Day programmes

BJP
The government has initiated a lot of programmes to bring about a change in the attitude of people and stop these kinds of social evils. Wikimedia Commons

According to a report of Centre for Development and Human Rights presented in 2016, the girl child education programme listed under the BBBPY scheme is nothing but the repackaging of older Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan started by Congress.

The act of similar repackaging of scheme can be found in BBBPY’s programme to improve child sex ratio and reduce the dropout rates of school girls. These programmes were already available under Congress party’s Dhanalakshmi and Sabla schemes.

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

Originally Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan

One of the major Modi government schemes, Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched in September 2014 is nothing but restructured result of Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan scheme which was started by Congress in April 2012.

Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan was also a renamed scheme by Congress party which was originally introduced as Central Rural Sanitation Programme by Congress in 1986.

Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana

Originally Indira Awaas Yojana

Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana, BJP
‘Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana ‘ is an initiative by Government of India in which affordable housing will be provided to the urban poor.

According to a parliamentary standing committee report, it is found that the most anticipated Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojna by Narendra Modi nothing by rechristened format of Indira Awaas Yojana. The funny fact about the renaming of this scheme is that several web pages of Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana still open as Indira Awaas Yojana documents.

Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gram Jyoti Yojana

Originally Rajiv Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana

According to an information release by government on 23rd July 2015, the Rajiv Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana stated by Congress is merged under the Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gram Jyoti Yojana launched by BJP with no significant changes.

Soil Health Card scheme

Originally National Project on Management of Soil Health and Fertility

According to the Outcome Budget 2015-16 of the agriculture and cooperation department, a soil health card was included in the scheme of National Project on Management of Soil Health and Fertility. The similar soil cards were also issued by Congress under the National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture.

 

Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana, BJP
The aim of this scheme is to form 10,000 clusters over the next three years and bring about five lakh acres of agricultural area under organic farming to develop agricultural activity in the country

 

Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana

Originally Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana and other programmes

The lack of creativity and insight in Modi government schemes can be seen in its Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana which is nothing but the fusion of some existing components which are amalgamated together as a cluster based programme. This fact was reported in the Outcome Budget 2015-16 of the agriculture and cooperation department.

Pradhan Mantri Jan Aushadhi Yojana

Originally Jan Aushadhi scheme

The Jan Aushadhi scheme was developed by Congress to supply unbranded medicines at reduced prices. This scheme was executed on 23 April 2008 and the first store under this scheme was established on 25 November 2008. According to an statement issued by Loksabh on 144th March 2017, the Jan Aushadhi Scheme is renamed as Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana.

Make in iIndia, BJP
Make in India, a type of Swadeshi movement covering 25 sectors of the economy,

Make In India

Originally National Manufacturing Policy

The funny part about BJP copying this scheme from Congress National Manufacturing policy is that they forget the remove the information of previous policy in the new website of Make In India scheme. The broken download link redirects to the 2011 older policy document of year 2011.

Also Read: Prime Minister Narendra Modi Appeals MPs To Utilize Their Winter Season Well

The above comparison shows that BJP is not only trying to steal the credit of previously launched schemes by Congress party by just repackaging them as new schemes, but the BJP lacks credibility and insight required to develop new schemes necessary for the development of the nations. Some other Modi government schemes that were actually the brain child of Narendra Modi and BJP part resulted in drastic disaster in nation. GST and demonetisation are two biggest examples of such failed Modi government policies.