Melbourne: Islamic State (IS) recruiters are actively targeting and attempting to recruit Australian teenagers via social media, a study of the Facebook posts of the radical group shows.
The study by surveillance expert Robyn Torok, who has been watching IS recruiters at work on social media since 2010, outlines how the online recruiters cash in on young people’s feelings of alienation, as reported by agencies.
Initially, recruiters identify potential targets by monitoring Facebook conversation threads.
Torok said IS recruiters were targeting teenagers online because they were especially vulnerable as they were trying to establish their identities.
They closely observe their target’s online behaviour, seeing how frequently they post and how they respond to geopolitical issues, and get to know their hobbies and interests.
Then they begin to interact with them, joining in on conversation threads and trying to create a relationship built through common connections.
The recruiter shows empathy when the target reveals emotional problems. They encourage them to talk about their worries and treat them as valid problems.
The recruiter then adds the target as a Facebook friend and begins to talk about political issues, posting comments like “the government is always sticking its nose in Muslim affairs”.
To make their arguments sound more believable, the recruiter may assume many different Facebook identities, all of which support their grievances.
“I have noticed one person who can have 52 different accounts and have 20 friends on one account and they are all the same person,” Torok said.
Two key moments in this process are when the recruiter finally makes the call to Islam, to a target, or invitation to become a Muslim, and when the recruit takes the declaration of faith.
The final stage is when recruiters encourage radical recruits to avenge perceived injustices and empower themselves by taking action.
“But we need to remember that not all radicals become terrorists and not all terrorists are recruited online,” Torok wrote in another article.
The findings were presented recently at a security conference held by Edith Cowan University in Perth.
IS rule in the city of Sarran ended eight months ago
The IS did not murder or behead residents in Sarran, but no lives were completely untouched by tragedy
Displaced families from Raqqa currently survive in refugee camps in the area that run short of basic amenities like food, clean water, and medicine
Syria, August 24, 2017: For 100-year-old Tamam Shaheen, the day Islamic State militants took over her village was not particularly memorable.
“One night Free Syrian Army rebels were occupying our village and the next day it just changed,” she said, sitting on the concrete floor of a one-room house with an unlit cigarette in her hand. “All those bearded people were here.”
During their rule over her village, Sarran, has militants ruined the local economy and forced villagers to adhere to dress codes. They tried, unsuccessfully, to enforce a strict no-smoking policy, but none of this impacted Shaheen’s life greatly.
But even the most benign corners of formerly IS-held territory were not spared personal tragedies. Shaheen’s grandson is now imprisoned amid the post-IS chaos, accused of fighting with the militant group.
“Militants ordered me to wear a veil on my face,” she said. “But I rebuked them. I told them ‘It is not your job to tell me what to wear!’”
Authorities holding 22-year-old Abdulrahman now, she said, are not so easy to rebuke.
In other parts of IS-controlled Syria and Iraq, IS beat husbands and fathers of women who refused to cover their faces. Locals have been imprisoned or even killed for smoking cigarettes.
Militants are now fighting to the death in the nearest large city, Raqqa, 60 kilometers away, but eight months ago in Sarran, IS just left.
Around the same time, Abudulrahman was returning to the village when he was arrested, according to his mother, Wahda Mustafa. The family and neighbors say he is disabled from a car accident and may have accidentally agreed he was guilty of crimes he didn’t commit.
“My son was coming home from Raqqa but the roads were blocked,” said Wahda Mustafa. “They picked him up at a checkpoint, but I don’t know why.”
Stigma after Raqqa flight
During the course of Shaheen’s 100 years, Sarran’s population grew from about four families to roughly 700 people. As IS is slowly being defeated in the region, the village is growing again.
Across a brown field of dust, displaced families from Raqqa crowd into a schoolhouse. Refugee camps in the area are notoriously short of food, clean water and medicine, baking in the desert in the hot summer sun.
But families say they pay a high price for the small comforts of settling in a village rather than a camp after fleeing IS. The displaced Raqqa residents are noticeably more conservative than the villagers, with the women remaining secluded inside, while local women in colorful dresses cook and smoke cigarettes in public.
Raqqa families are shunned and often presumed to be IS supporters, despite multiple investigations concluding they are innocent, according to Khalid Abdullah, 40, a former oil worker from Raqqa and a father of 11.
“I saw beheadings and hands cut off in the city,” he said under an awning near the school. “It was raining mortars when we ran away. But still, they call my son ‘IS’ when he goes out.”
The more lasting tragedies touching the lives of the people of Sarran come not from IS extremism, but from ordinary corruption. Before the war, the Syrian government had mandated that wealthy landowners in the area dole out portions of their fields to local farmers.
The farmers survived by working the land and reaping the profits. Under IS, bribes were paid and profits from the land reverted back to the rich, according to Ayman Kalaf, 19, one of Shaheen’s many grandsons.
Surrounded by other farmers, who nodded in agreement as he spoke, Kalaf described how under IS, his poor village became even poorer and families are still struggling to recover.
“Long ago this area was under a feudal system, with all of the valuable farms owned by the rich,” he said. “But modern governments required owners to divide some of their lands among local farmers. When IS came in, they gave the land back to the rich.”
And while their suffering may not be as dramatic or even traumatic as the suffering of families living under siege or hunted and sometimes slaughtered by IS, villagers say they already lived on the edge of survival in the best of times, and they barely made it through their time under IS.
“I have to take care of my house and children, and I work as a farmer,” said Umm Mohammad, a local women’s activist. “We build our own houses with bricks we make from the earth. Life here is hard.” (VOA)
Syria, August 19, 2017: As U.S.-backed forces continue to make slow progress in their offensive to oust Islamic State (IS) from its self-proclaimed capital of Raqqa, thousands of civilians who are trapped in the city face an increasing danger of getting caught in a crossfire, rights organizations and local activists warn.
Officials from the U.S.-backed Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) say their battle against IS has entered a fierce and grueling phase in the densely populated neighborhoods of the city, as the terrorist group tries various tactics to keep its stronghold.
“This fight has become a matter of life and death for both sides,” Mustafa Bali, a spokesperson for the SDF, told VOA.
Bali said IS militants are increasingly using suicide car bombs, snipers, drones and tunnels to hinder SDF advances.
“But what distinguishes the operation for Raqqa from all other cities is the degree to which IS thugs use civilians as human shields,” he said.
He added that IS has forced civilians to remain in their homes so coalition forces avoid airstrikes in those areas.
Despite IS tactics, the SDF was able to advance slightly from the southeast of the city, Bali said. As the forces marched forward, SDF’s special units rescued nearly 250 civilians early Thursday.
Claims of civilians killed in airstrikes
Meanwhile, rights organizations and activists continue to express concerns about the rising death tolls among civilians in the besieged city.
Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights on Wednesday said an escalated shelling of Raqqa by the U.S.-led coalition warplanes since Monday has left nearly 60 residents dead, including 30 children and women.
The group said it expects the death toll to rise as recovery units continue to find missing bodies under the rubble.
Ryan Dillon, a spokesman for the U.S.-led coalition, told reporters on Wednesday that coalition jets have conducted more than 200 airstrikes against IS positions in Raqqa this week alone. He did not directly comment on the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights’ findings.
Speaking with reporters during a phone briefing from Baghdad, Dillon talked about the stiff resistance the SDF forces are facing from about 2,500 IS fighters who still hold about 45 percent of the city.
He added that the jihadist group has centralized much of its operations and many of its fighters in densely populated areas and high-rise buildings, including the city’s main hospital, in an effort to slow down the ongoing siege.
“They have fortified the complex, created tunnels for access, and are hiding among women and children who have nowhere else to go,” Dillon said.
The United Nations estimates there are still nearly 25,000 civilians trapped inside the city. The agency has called upon the U.S.-led coalition and the SDF to increase their efforts to open safe corridors for the remaining civilians to flee.
“The worst place probably today in Syria is the part of Raqqa that is still held by the so-called Islamic state,” Jan Egeland, the U.N.’s humanitarian adviser for Syria, told reporters on Thursday.
Hussam Eesa, a founder of the anti-IS monitoring group Raqqa is Being Slaughtered Silently, told VOA that many residents who escape airstrikes and IS snipers fall victim to the landmines planted by IS.
Eesa said about 350,000 residents have managed to escape the city, making it to nearby towns and villages under SDF control. But he said they continue to suffer from lack of basic services.
“The SDF areas are safer off course,” Eesa said. “But there is a lack of aid and increased restriction on civilian movement in refugee camps.” (VOA)
Aug 05, 2017: The Supreme Court on Friday issued a notice to National Investigation Agency (NIA) and the Government of Kerala to file a response to a Muslim man’s petition. The Muslim man was married to a Hindu woman, however, their marriage was invalidated by the Kerala High Court by claiming it to be a love jihad practice. Chief Justice Supreme Court J.S. Khehar and Justice D.Y. Chandrachud has asked the country’s top anti-terrorism investigation agency and the Hindu woman’s father to submit all documents related to the matter within one week.
The court has told NIA and father, “This is a very sensitive issue. It is a serious matter … It is advised to keep all the documents with you”, mentioned in Zee News report. The court fixed the next hearing on August 16. The Kerala High Court canceled the marriage of 24-year-old Hindu woman, Hadiya on May 25. The Hindu woman married a Muslim person in December 2016.The court had directed Hadiya to stay near her parents until the next hearing.
The woman’s husband Shafin Jahan (27) challenged the order of the High Court in the apex court. In his petition, the order has been described as an insult to women’s freedom in India. Urging the court to order Hadiya’s father to appear before the Supreme Court, Shafin’s lawyer claimed that the woman had accepted Islam only two years before her marriage.
On behalf of Hadiya’s father, advocate Madhavi Diwan said that Hadiya was a helpless victim who was stuck in a gang, which uses psychological methods to inspire people to adopt Islam. The lawyer said that Jahan is a criminal and his daughter is caught in a network related to the Popular Front of India and the IS.
– prepared by Naina Mishra of Newsgram. Twitter @Nainamishr94