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ISRO is one of the top six space organizations worldwide in which diverse scientists and technical professionals from different disciplines collaborate for future space missions.

The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) is the Government of India's space research organization. The company's headquarters are in Bangalore which is also known as the 'IT Capital of India'. ISRO replaced INCOSPAR (Indian National Committee for Space Research), its precursor founded by Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru, India's first Prime Minister, and Vikram Sarabhai, a scholar who was regarded as the founding parents of India's space program.

ISRO was founded in 1969 and is tasked with exploring, developing and using space technology for national development, and also engaging in planetary exploration and space research. It is one of the top six space organizations worldwide in which diverse scientists and technical professionals from different disciplines collaborate for future space missions. ISRO has had over 100 successful space missions. By proving its innovative and cost-effective technology effectively, ISRO has earned a position among the world's top space organizations throughout the years. The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has integrated space service for the benefit of the general public and the country.



ISRO ISRO is also responsible for the upkeep of one of the world's biggest fleets of communication satellites and remote sensing satellites, managed by the Indian Space Research Organization. VOA


ISRO is also responsible for the upkeep of one of the world's biggest fleets of communication satellites and remote sensing satellites, managed by the Indian Space Research Organization. They provide the functions of rapid and dependable communication as well as Earth monitoring and exploration.

ISRO's first Indian satellite, Aryabhata, was launched on April 19, 1975. Additionally, 1980 was a significant year for ISRO since it saw the launch of the Rohini satellite. Additionally, SLV-3 was used to put Rohini in orbit successfully. ISRO used an indigenously developed cryogenic engine for GSLV-D5 in January 2014. Additionally, this was the day of the launch of the GSAT-14 satellite. Notably, India became one of only six nations to develop cryogenic technology as a result of this. Apart from technical skills, ISRO has made significant contributions to science.


2 Indian rupees with pic of Aryabhata, India's ISRO's first Indian satellite, Aryabhata, was launched on April 19, 1975. Wikimedia


Additionally, ISRO oversees its own lunar and interplanetary missions. Furthermore, ISRO oversees several specialized programs promoting science education and providing data to the scientific community. ISRO has developed two rockets: the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) and the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV). Additionally, on October 22, 2008, ISRO launched Chandrayaan-1, a lunar spacecraft, which made the remarkable finding of lunar water in the form of ice.


Chandrayan 2 After Chandrayaan-1, Chandrayaan-2 was the second lunar exploration mission launched by the Indian space agency. wikimedia


The Mars Orbiter Mission, established by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) on November 5, 2013, successfully entered the orbit of Mars on September 24, 2014, marking India's first successful mission to the Red Planet. After Chandrayaan-1, Chandrayaan-2 was the second lunar exploration mission launched by the Indian space agency.

The spacecraft started on its moon mission at 9:13:12 UTC on 22 July 2019. On 20 August 2019, the ship entered the Moon's orbit and started to orbit man oeuvre to touchdown the Vikram lander. On 6 September 2019, the lander and rover were planned to touchdown near the Moon and perform scientific experimentation for around one lunar day, almost two weeks on Earth.

After Luna 9 (Soviet Union), Surveyor 1 (USA) and Chang'e 3 (China) a successful Soft Landing would make India the fourth nation to be able to do it. The lander collapsed however, when on 6 September 2019 it strayed from its planned course. The accident was caused by a software malfunction, according to a report filed to ISRO. ISRO may re-attempt the Chandrayaan-3 landing in 2022.

Space center Satish Dhawan Space Center of India, Shri Hari Kota, Andhra Pradesh. Wikimedia

There is no question that ISRO is really India's pride. In addition, it has strengthened India's image as a country of scientific thinking and progress in the globe. ISRO will hopefully continue in the future with its noble goal of space and technology exploration.


Keywords: ISRO, achievements, history, india, aryabhata, chandrayaan


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