Get subscribed to our newsletter
Get interesting updates to your email inbox.
The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) is the Government of India's space research organization. The company's headquarters are in Bangalore which is also known as the 'IT Capital of India'. ISRO replaced INCOSPAR (Indian National Committee for Space Research), its precursor founded by Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru, India's first Prime Minister, and Vikram Sarabhai, a scholar who was regarded as the founding parents of India's space program.
ISRO was founded in 1969 and is tasked with exploring, developing and using space technology for national development, and also engaging in planetary exploration and space research. It is one of the top six space organizations worldwide in which diverse scientists and technical professionals from different disciplines collaborate for future space missions. ISRO has had over 100 successful space missions. By proving its innovative and cost-effective technology effectively, ISRO has earned a position among the world's top space organizations throughout the years. The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has integrated space service for the benefit of the general public and the country.
ISRO is also responsible for the upkeep of one of the world's biggest fleets of communication satellites and remote sensing satellites, managed by the Indian Space Research Organization. They provide the functions of rapid and dependable communication as well as Earth monitoring and exploration.
ISRO's first Indian satellite, Aryabhata, was launched on April 19, 1975. Additionally, 1980 was a significant year for ISRO since it saw the launch of the Rohini satellite. Additionally, SLV-3 was used to put Rohini in orbit successfully. ISRO used an indigenously developed cryogenic engine for GSLV-D5 in January 2014. Additionally, this was the day of the launch of the GSAT-14 satellite. Notably, India became one of only six nations to develop cryogenic technology as a result of this. Apart from technical skills, ISRO has made significant contributions to science.
ISRO's first Indian satellite, Aryabhata, was launched on April 19, 1975. Wikimedia
Additionally, ISRO oversees its own lunar and interplanetary missions. Furthermore, ISRO oversees several specialized programs promoting science education and providing data to the scientific community. ISRO has developed two rockets: the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) and the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV). Additionally, on October 22, 2008, ISRO launched Chandrayaan-1, a lunar spacecraft, which made the remarkable finding of lunar water in the form of ice.
After Chandrayaan-1, Chandrayaan-2 was the second lunar exploration mission launched by the Indian space agency. wikimedia
The Mars Orbiter Mission, established by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) on November 5, 2013, successfully entered the orbit of Mars on September 24, 2014, marking India's first successful mission to the Red Planet. After Chandrayaan-1, Chandrayaan-2 was the second lunar exploration mission launched by the Indian space agency.
The spacecraft started on its moon mission at 9:13:12 UTC on 22 July 2019. On 20 August 2019, the ship entered the Moon's orbit and started to orbit man oeuvre to touchdown the Vikram lander. On 6 September 2019, the lander and rover were planned to touchdown near the Moon and perform scientific experimentation for around one lunar day, almost two weeks on Earth.
After Luna 9 (Soviet Union), Surveyor 1 (USA) and Chang'e 3 (China) a successful Soft Landing would make India the fourth nation to be able to do it. The lander collapsed however, when on 6 September 2019 it strayed from its planned course. The accident was caused by a software malfunction, according to a report filed to ISRO. ISRO may re-attempt the Chandrayaan-3 landing in 2022.
Satish Dhawan Space Center of India, Shri Hari Kota, Andhra Pradesh. Wikimedia
There is no question that ISRO is really India's pride. In addition, it has strengthened India's image as a country of scientific thinking and progress in the globe. ISRO will hopefully continue in the future with its noble goal of space and technology exploration.
Keywords: ISRO, achievements, history, india, aryabhata, chandrayaan
- Efficacy of Yoga on Astronauts' Health Needs to be Explored Further ... ›
- ISRO New Rocket 'SSLV' to Carry Two Defence Satellites - NewsGram ›
- ISRO Working On Fleet Of Heavy Lift Rockets - NewsGram ›
- Actor R. Madhavan lends his voice for the upcoming science documentary titled 'India's Space Odyssey'. - NewsGram ›
The Supreme Court on Tuesday agreed to examine a seeking direction to the Election Commission to de-register a political party, which fails to comply with the court's direction to disclose criminal antecedents of candidates fielded in polls. Advocate Ashwini Upadhyay requested a bench headed by Chief Justice N.V. Ramana and comprising Justices A.S. Bopanna and Hima Kohli to list the petition urgently, against the backdrop of the ongoing election process. He contended that nomination for the first phase of the Uttar Pradesh Assembly election has started, and the political parties and candidates are brazenly violating the top court judgments.
After briefly hearing Upadhyay, the bench said: "We will consider it... will give a date".
The plea argued that allowing criminals to stand for election threatens democracy and secularism. | Wikipedia
The plea claimed that the cause of action for filing the plea arose after the Samajwadi Party fielded alleged gangster Nahid Hasan from Kairana but neither published his criminal records in electronic, print and social media nor the reason for his selection within 48 hours. On February 13, last year, Shamli police imposed the Gangster Act on Nahid Hasan, who is a two-time MLA from Kairana. "He (Hasan) has multiple criminal cases and is the 'mastermind' behind the Hindu exodus from Kairana. There are many criminal cases including fraud and extortion, and he was declared a fugitive by Special MLA-MP Court," the plea said.
The plea argued that the consequences of permitting criminals to contest and become legislators are extremely serious for democracy and secularism. The plea sought a direction to the Election Commission to take steps to ensure that every political party publishes the details regarding criminal cases of each candidate along with the reason for such selection on the homepage of its official website in bold letters within 48 hours in the spirit of top court orders passed on September 25, 2018, and February 2, 2020. (IANS/ MBI)
(Keywords: uttar pradesh assembly election, hima kohli, justices a.s. bopanna, chief justice n.v. ramana, political party, election commission, the supreme court, tainted candidates, action, plea)
There will be no chief guest at the Republic Day parade this year also as the plan to host state heads of five Central Asian countries -- Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan -- seems to have been cancelled due to the Covid situation in India as well as in the respective nations. Though the Ministry of External Affairs is yet to confirm this officially.
If the guests arrive, then this would be the second time when India hosts a group of state heads as the chief guests on the Republic Day. In 2018, state heads of ASEAN countries graced the occasion with their presence. Apart from Kazakhstan, none of these countries' state heads had been invited as the chief guests on the Republic Day. In 2009, Kazakhstan's then president Nursultan Nazarbayev was the Chief Guest.
The Government of India is in no mood to take any risk to invite any foreign guest.Unsplash
As per sources, due to the corona situation, the Government of India is in no mood to take any risk to invite any foreign guest, so the plan seems to have been cancelled. Last year, British Prime minister Boris Johnson was invited for the same, but later cancelled due to rising corona cases in the UK.
In the past, there have been occasions when the Republic Day ceremony was celebrated without any foreign guest. In 1966, there was no foreign chief guest in the Republic Day parade ceremony as the then Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri had passed away in Tashkent in January, and Indira Gandhi took oath as Prime Minister on January 24. (IANS/SP)
(Keywords : chief, guest, Republic Day, parade, India, January, pandemic, 2022, host, nation, guest, invite, foreign, occasion, presence, celebrate.)
A team of scientists from the Banaras Hindu University (BHU) have found a cure for those suffering from chronic wounds, particularly with diabetic foot ulcers. The team led by Prof Gopal Nath of the department of Microbiology, Institute of Medical Sciences, said that wounds that took months and years to heal, could now be cured in days or months. The findings of study have been published in the National Centre for Biotechnology Information, National Institutes of Health, US.
Prof Nath said that a wound is defined as a breach in the skin or body tissues due to injury. An acute wound is defined as a "recent break that is yet to progress through sequential stages of healing". The wounds where normal healing process is stalled due to underlying pathology (vascular and diabetes) or infection beyond three months is defined as chronic wound. While chronic wounds always get infected, the contaminated wounds are reasonably susceptible to infection.
A significant improvement could be achieved in the form of complete wound epithelization within a few weeks.Towfiqu barbhuiya / Unsplash
Infection with antibiotic-resistant bacteria and biofilm formation halt healing progress. These wounds cause significant psychological and physical morbidity. The traditional treatment strategies often succeed in healing wounds, he said adding that many wounds have been observed recalcitrant to them, leading to persistence and recurrent infections. Search for alternatives to antibiotics has now become a compulsion. Fortunately, bacteriophage therapy is a re-emerging solution to antibiotic-resistant bacteria.
Prof Nath's team carried out phage therapy of acute and chronic infected wounds in animals and clinical studies. It showed efficacy against Pseudomonas aeruginosa in a mice wound model. Furthermore, they evaluated the efficacy of phage cocktails in animal models' acute and chronic osteomyelitis caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. They also observed biofilm eradication from K wire in rabbits' wound infection model. Clinical trials of phage therapy initiated by the BHU have reported the efficacy of topical phage in healing chronic wounds in three prospective exploratory studies and no adverse events mimicking the results in vivo animal models.
Scientists have found a cure for those suffering from diabetic foot ulcers. Unsplash
A clinical study by Gupta demonstrated the significant role of bacteriophage therapy in the chronic wounds associated with antibiotic-resistant bacteria. The study employed a total of twenty patients with chronic non-healing ulcers for more than six weeks duration. A significant improvement could be achieved in the form of complete wound epithelization within a few weeks. Another study, employing 48 patients having a minimum of one eligible full-thickness wound that did not heal in six weeks with convention wound management, showed the promising result, and significant improvement was observed in the wound healing.
The study projected that specific phage therapy is equally effective regardless of the diabetic or non-diabetic status of the patient though the healing was relatively delayed in diabetic patients. Another successful study has shown encouraging results on healing process of infected acute traumatic wounds. The average number of days required for complete granulation of wounds and attaining sterility and healing was half compared to conventional therapy. (IANS/SP)
(Keywords : scientists, cure, chronic, wound, suffer, ulcer, diabetes, healing, pathology, health, infection, bacteria, study, patient, therapy, successful.)
- Cheap source of Electricity? Indian Scientist makes a Cell that can ... ›
- IIT-Kanpur scholar wins Young Geospatial Scientist award ... ›