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All You Need to Know About Jagadish Chandra Bose

Polymath, physicist, biologist, biophysicist, botanist, archaeologist and one of the most early writers of science fiction- yes, this is one man

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Bose is considered the father of Bengali science fiction. Wikimedia commons
Bose is considered the father of Bengali science fiction. Wikimedia Commons
  • Jagadish Chandra Bose developed instruments like Coherer and Crescograph.
  • He is the father of Bengali Science Fiction.
  • A crater on the moon has been named in his honour.

Polymath, physicist, biologist, biophysicist, botanist, archaeologist and one of the earliest writers of science fiction- yes, this is one man. A man, who, according to Sir Nevill Mott, was 60 years ahead of his time. He did not believe in commercializing his work, he used to make it public. When he could have earned lifetimes for his generations, Jagadish Chandra Bose chose a way which led to further research.

He is the man who pioneered radio research and also, made some of the most significant contributions to the field of plant science. Bose is credited for laying down the foundation of experimental science in India.

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Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose lived in British India’s Bengal Presidency. His father was Deputy Magistrate in Faridpur. Even though from a rich family, he attended vernacular schooling because his father believed that children should know their mother-tongue before any other language.

The father of Bengali science fiction. Wikimedia commons
The father of Bengali science fiction. Wikimedia Commons

Background

It was a time when sending children to English schools was an aristocratic status symbol, that Bose studied in a vernacular school. He used to sit with the Muslim son of his father’s attendant and the son of a fisherman. Even though his mother was an orthodox lady, she never practised discrimination. Bose never knew there existed a ‘problem’ (at that time) between Hindu and Muslim communities.

While speaking at the Bikrampur Conference in 1915, Bose said:

“They were my playmates. I listened spellbound to their stories of birds, animals and aquatic creatures. Perhaps these stories created in my mind a keen interest in investigating the workings of Nature.” 

He wanted to compete for the Indian Civil Services but his father told him “My son would rule nobody but himself.” Bose also attended the University of London where he studied medicine, though he had to come back due to illness.

Later, he graduated with a BA from Kolkata University. While he taught physics at Presidency College, he was simultaneously pursuing his own research in electricity and electromagnetic waves.

Work and research

Bose gave a demonstration of microwaves at Kolkata Town Hall, for the first time, in November 1984. He ignited gunpowder and rang a bell at a distance using microwaves.

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His instruments are still on display. Wikimedia commons
His instruments are still on display. Wikimedia Commons

‘Coherer’

He developed a device which could detect radio waves, it was called a ‘coherer’. The Englishman (18 January 1896) quoted from the Electrician and commented as follows:

“Should Professor Bose succeed in perfecting and patenting his ‘Coherer’, we may in time see the whole system of coast lighting throughout the navigable world revolutionised by a Bengali scientist working single handed in our Presidency College Laboratory.”

Bose was unwilling to patent the device as he believed that science should be for the benefits of all, and should not be used for money-making. Later he did submit a patent application, under pressure from his friends, to the US patent office. He became the first Indian to get a patent.

Radio waves made him believe that physics is far beyond what the naked eye can see. Bose was curious about the world of plants. Hence, he switched to investigating how plants respond to stimuli.

Crescograph

A crescograph is an oscillating recorder using clockwork gears and a smoked glass plate to measure the growth and movements of plants in increments as small as 1/100,000 of an inch. The plate caught the reflection of the plant and it was marked according to the movement of the plant. 

An image of a crescograph. Wikimedia commons
An image of a crescograph. Wikimedia Commons

Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose had a strong belief that plants have a sensitive nervous system. This belief was strengthened by his experiments. He was also astounded when he discovered that an electric death spasm occurs in plants when they die, this could be resourceful in accurately calculating the time the time of their death.

He revealed the wonders of the world of plants when he described his experiments and their results in his paper “Responses in Living and Non-Living”.

The paper revealed that plants could feel pleasure and even pain.

Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose’s place in history is prominent as ever. His work on microwaves has a major contribution to the development of radio communication. Instruments developed by him are on display and still can be used, after a century. A crater on the moon has been named after him.

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10 Tips How Do You Write A Literature Review For A Research Paper

The literature review chapter is primarily meant to put your ideas into a scholarly context. It helps you appreciate that other writers and scholars have researched ideas similar to yours

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Literature, Study, Research Paper, education
A historical context to literature review ascertains that you are not the pioneer in the area and therefore appreciates the contributions by other researchers. Pixabay

The literature review chapter is primarily meant to put your ideas into a scholarly context. It helps you appreciate that other writers and scholars have researched ideas similar to your. Get professional research helpers to assist in completing your paper.

Completing the literature review section means that you make huge strides in drafting your
essay. Here are ten tips to make the literature review section easy to complete.

1. Give the old materials a new interpretation. The interpretation is in light of new
evidence that you have unearthed in the course of reading other books and academic
articles. The new definition also arises from your original ideas that you are exploring in
the paper. The interpretation helps you to steer the sector into a new direction.

2. Show where the new and old ideas merge. Academic writing is not only about
developing new ideas. It helps to renew the old thoughts and expand their scope.
Researchers in the past could have limited tools and resources such that they did not go
long enough. Use the available information to broaden the scope and tie loose ends that
could be hanging even today.

3. Trace how far the debate or idea has come so far. A historical context to literature
review ascertains that you are not the pioneer in the area and therefore appreciates the
contributions by other researchers. By creating a foundation in your paper, you help the reader to understand where you are at the moment and therefore justify your
arguments.

4. Use the section to highlight your position and isolate research work that is relevant to
your ideas. The world of research is alive to the fact that there are always opposing
ideas to each position taken. If these opposing ideas are not highlighted and
disqualified, they may weaken your assertion. The literature review section gives you a
chance to recognize that other scholars have differing opinions but move forth also to
show that you have supporters on your side.

5. The best literature review chapter must appreciate the existence of opposing views. It is
insincere for a scholar to assume that everyone will support your idea. Even when the
support is available, it comes with conditions and depends on the information available.
Highlight what the opposition is saying about your idea and show why you think you are
right. Strengthen the points by quoting other scholars who share your point of view. It
shows that you are not isolated in the scholarly world.

6. Use the literature review to point at areas where researchers differ or error, especially
in their approach to the subject that you are about to address. The reason you are
researching on the same issue is a deficit in available information. In other cases, you
are attempting to find a solution to a problem that remains unresolved. Highlight the
points of divergence and convergence for researchers. It justifies your work and shows
the trajectory that you would like to adopt.

Literature, Study, Research Paper, education
Use samples and examples to guide you when drafting your literature review section. Get
recommendations of samples or examples to use from your supervisor. Pixabay

7. Resolve conflicts arising from the divergence of ideas. Disputes are common in
scholarship because the views rely on data collected from different locations and at
varying times. Show how your perspective or invention will provide a solution that two
sides of the discussion fail to agree. You break new ground that scholars will be
interested in embracing.

8. Reveal the gaps that exist in research. It is a considerable challenge to find that you do
not have the necessary information. Highlight how far the existing literature goes into
bridging the gap and why you need more people to look at the subject. As you highlight
the shortfalls, you must appreciate the work already done. It is the sincerity expected in
the academic industry.

9. Read the actual books you quote. While completing the chapter is a requirement for
graduation, you need the knowledge for your work-life upon graduating. It is
unfortunate to have a scholar with no grasp of his area of study. In the process of
reviewing the literature, you expand your knowledge and perception of the subject at
hand. The citations made must be accurate. Do not quote any writer out of context
because it will be misleading and insincere. You attain accuracy by reading the actual
books.

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10. Pay more attention to the references. References guide a reader to the books where
you got information. If these citations and footnotes are wrong, you will mislead the
readers. Your department and supervisor indicate the referencing style expected for
each assignment. Stick to formatting rules shown in the instructions. Failure to follow
these rules attracts punitive penalties.

Use samples and examples to guide you when drafting your literature review section. Get
recommendations of samples or examples to use from your supervisor. Consult your supervisor along the way to ensure that your literature review section meets the highest expected standards.