Delhi’s Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal’s ‘kisan rally’ against the contentious Land Acquisition Bill witnessed chaos in the afternoon when a man committed suicide by hanging himself from a tree.
The man, identified as Gajender Singh Rajput, from Rajasthan’s Dausa district, killed himself even after AAP leaders urged him to come down.
Gajender was rushed to the Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital where doctors declared him dead.
Before ending his life, the farmer from Rajasthan had written a suicide note, which said he had nothing to look forward to in life as his entire crop had been destroyed by unseasonal rains.
In the end of his suicide note, Gajendar had written, “Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan, Jai Rajasthan”.
Recently, India has witnessed a surge in suicide rates of dozen debt-laden farmers. Unseasonal rains and hailstorms have taken a toll on the crops, most likely contributing to the suicides; however, the distressed farmers are blaming the government that not enough steps are taken to deliver relief to them. Along with that, the Land Acquisition Bill, that is tailor-made to suit the business houses, has doubled the discontent among the farmers. Also, the political parties are not leaving any stone unturned in extracting the maximum political gains from the issue.
Amid the political battle, it’s the farmer who is crushed like an insect and used as a tool to maximize political mileage for the political parties.
Recently, over 400 ryots (farmers) have killed themselves in Uttar Pradesh after their crops were damaged by the freakish weather phenomenon.
Statistics suggest that over 24.7 million acres of crops were destroyed in the unseasonal rain and hailstorms in the months of March and early April, and still central government says that there is no clear link to the suicides.
Vimla Yadav, a farmer from India’s Haryana state, says agriculture costs, such as fertilizers and seeds, have soared, yet produce prices have plunged, leaving her family of 10 with virtually no profit from their four-acre farm. “We don’t even get the fruits of the labor that the entire family puts in on the farm, although we slog day and night,” she laments.
Yadav is one of the tens of thousands of angry farmers from around the country who poured into the Indian capital recently, demanding a special session of parliament to discuss their demands: better prices for farm produce and a waiver by the government from repaying loans taken from banks.
The protest highlighted the deepening distress among the population in the countryside, where there is growing concern about diminishing agricultural profits because many are being driven into debt.
In a country where half the population of 1.3 billion depends on agriculture, low farm profits have long been a challenge and prompted promises by Prime Minister Narendra Modi to double rural incomes by 2022. But the growing disenchantment among the farming community could pose a challenge to Modi as he seeks re-election next year.
According to the government, the average income of a farmer is about $100 a month. But many make less, said Yogendra Yadav, one of the main leaders of the protest and founder of the farmers group Jai Kisan Andolan. The Yadavs are not related.
“For a majority of them, the income is probably less than $50 a month. That is the level at which they survive. And one of the principal reasons for that is that they don’t get enough price for their crops,” Yogendra Yadav said.
Low prices for crops are not the only problem: increasingly erratic weather patterns pose a new challenge in a country where nearly half the farmers lack access to irrigation.
In eastern Orissa state, for example, back-to-back droughts over the past two years have brought widespread distress.
“There has been very little rain this year,” said Lakhyapati Sahu, a farmer who traveled from Orissa, one of India’s poorer states. “We face a massive problem due to successive droughts.”
According to various studies, nearly half of Indian farmers have said they want to quit working on the land but cannot do so because of a lack of alternate livelihoods.
Despite the challenge of finding work, Parul Haldar, a farmer from West Bengal, said she wants to migrate with her entire family to the city. “I will give up farming and go to Kolkata and look for work to make a living. There is no money to be earned from the farm,” she added.
Although the rural crisis has been festering for many years, economists partly blame the deepening crisis on a sweeping currency ban that led to widespread cash shortages two years ago and affected their incomes.
“Many farmers lost working capital, they had to borrow money from the banks or from the local moneylenders at high interest rates, so their costs went up,” economist Arun Kumar said. “So if costs go up and revenue comes down, then income gets squeezed.”
Protests by farmers have intensified in the past two years as they try to draw attention to the usually forgotten countryside — their recent march was their fourth and largest to Delhi so far this year. They have also held marches in other cities like Kolkata and Mumbai. In June, farmers in several parts of the country threw their produce on the streets to highlight low prices. And last year, farmers from southern India protested in New Delhi with skulls to draw attention to suicides by farmers.
“Farmers are saying enough is enough, now something needs to be done,” Yogendra Yadav said. “Both the economic and ecological crisis is leading to an existential crisis, farmers are committing suicide, they are quitting farming.”
Political analysts also said the growing rural anger could erode support for Prime Minister Modi in the countryside ahead of next year’s scheduled elections. Farmers make up an important voting bloc.
“Opposition to Modi is growing. Unless you have rural support, no party can win on [the] basis of urban support only,” said Satish Misra, of the Observer Research Foundation in New Delhi. “The distress is real. The agriculture issue needs to be addressed in a very focused manner.” (VOA)