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Jallianwala Bagh happened on this day in 1919

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Jallianwala bagh,Amritsar. Image Source: Wikimedia Commons

 

  • The Jallianwala Bagh exposed the inhuman approach of British when the British troop cold-bloodedly opened fire to unarmed crowd without any warning by General Dyer
  • A shocking act of brutality and one of the bloodiest massacres of modern history.

by Seetha Ramanthan

On this day- Sunday,13th April,1919– the most infamous incident in the history of India took place. Jallianwallah bagh is a public garden in Amritsar, Punjab. On This day being Baisakhi ( Harvest Festival) Punjabi New Year Day,many villagers had came to attend the Baisakhi fair.Some came to protest against the government’s new repressive measures.

British General Dyer had sensed a major  insurrection and to preempt, he banned all the public meetings. But this information was not circulated well. When he came to know that villagers and some protesters had gathered in the Bagh, he entered the bagh with  50 gurkha rifle men to a raised bank and he  ordered his men to fire at the citizens. It was very difficult for the people to escape through a very narrow entrance. Stampede followed and many to save themselves from the bullet jumped into  the well and lost their lives.

Several years back, I  got an opportunity to visit this place and was shell shocked to see the bullet marks in the well of Jallianwala Bagh.

It is said that 1650 rounds had been fired.In this massacre 379 declared dead and approximately 11,00 wounded.

Let us remember those innocent people’s sacrifice for the nation and salute those who faced the bullets!

Jalliawalan Bagh massacre led to severe protests across India. The atrocities were widely criticized. British government set up Hunter Commission to inquire the massacre. even though, General Dyer’s outrageous and grave misuse of authority was condemned by the commission, he was not penalized for his actions for political reasons.

Tomorrow14th April- 4 states will celebrate NEW YEAR. It is Bengali New Year, Malayali New Year. VISHU, Punjabi New Year.Baisakhi. Tamil New Year Pudhu varusham. while wishing the people of these  states “HAPPY NEW YEAR, let us also share the grief of people of KOLLAM, KERALA Where a major fire swallowed 116 lives and left more than 350 seriously wounded.

Mrs. Seetha Ramanathan lives in Bangalore and has specially contributed this piece for NewsGram. She can be reached via trrseetha@gmail.com

  • Pashchiema Bhatia

    Its sad to know that nobody remembers this brutal massacre on Baisakhi

  • Pragya Jha

    A big loss of human life!!!

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PM Narendra Modi Launches Plan to Tackle Water Shortage in India

Modi Unveils Plan to Tackle Water Shortages in India's Heartland States

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PM Modi
India's Prime Minister Narendra Modi speaks to the media inside the parliament premises on the first day of the winter session in New Delhi, India. VOA

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Wednesday launched a 60-billion-rupee ($842 million) plan to tackle water shortages in the country’s seven heartland states where agriculture is a mainstay.

India, the world’s second-most populous country, faces the worst long-term water crisis in its history as demand outstrips supply, threatening farm output and overall economic growth in Asia’s third-largest economy.

Almost every sector of the $2.6 trillion economy is dependent on water, especially agriculture, which sustains two-thirds of India’s 1.3 billion people.

“Water shortages in the country not only affect individuals and families; the crisis also has an effect on India’s development,” Modi said. “We need to prepare the new India to deal with every single aspect of the crisis.”

The plan launched by Modi would help replenish ground water and boost overall availability in Rajasthan, Karnataka, Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Gujarat states, which produce staples such as rice, wheat, sugar and oilseeds.

PM Narendra Modi
The plan launched by Modi would help replenish ground water. Wikimedia Commons

India is the world’s leading producer of an array of farm goods, and nearly 60% of the irrigation for agriculture comes from ground water, mainly through electric water pumps. Subsidised electricity gives farmers an incentive to pump out more water, a key reason behind fast-depleting water tables in the vast country.

Supplying clean drinking water to millions of poor people and reviving moribund irrigation projects were a key part of Modi’s policies for India, where the monsoon accounts for nearly 70% of the annual rains needed to water farms and recharge aquifers and reservoirs.

Nearly half of India’s farmland, without any irrigation cover, depends on annual June-September rains to grow a number of crops.

Drinking water is also an issue, as about 200,000 Indians die every year due to inadequate access to safe water and 600 million face high to extreme water stress, according to the National Institute for Transforming India (NITI) Aayog, a think tank chaired by Modi.

According to UK-based charity WaterAid, about 163 million people in India — roughly 12% of the population — do not have access to clean water close to home.

Also Read- 45% Indians Feel that Enough Steps are Not Taken for Women’s Safety: Survey

Every summer water shortages tend to be more acute in large cities such as the capital New Delhi, Chennai — a car-making center dubbed “India’s Detroit”, and Bengaluru, the country’s software capital.

Modi also exhorted farmers to increasingly adopt drip and sprinkler irrigation and use water-management techniques as well as eschewing water-guzzling crops such as rice and sugar cane. (VOA)