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Jamshedpur: The Phenomenal Steel City Of India

Jamshedpur has seen the time of war, and is of great historic significance too

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Jamshedpur is the phenomenal steel city of India which has seen great innovations. Wikimedia Commons
Jamshedpur is the phenomenal steel city of India which has seen great innovations. Wikimedia Commons
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By Ruchika Verma

  • Jameshedpur is an industrial city in Jharkhand, India
  • It is known as the steel city of India because of the presence of TISCO
  • The city is of great economic and historic significance

Jamshedpur, or famously, the steel city of India, is one of the most advanced and populous city in Jharkhand, India. It is home to the tenth largest steel company in the world, Tata Steels, and is also the first ever planned industrial city of India.

Jamshetji Tata was the man behind Tata Steel. TataCompanies
Jamshetji Tata was the man behind Tata Steel. TataCompanies

It was earlier a village called Sakchi. It got the name, Jamshedpur by Lord Chelmsford in 1919, in the honour of its founder, Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata. Jamshedpur was his dream city which he wanted to develop for his steel plant.

In a letter which Jamsetji Tata wrote to his son, Dorab, he mentioned all that which he wanted in his model city.

“Be sure to lay wide streets planted with shady trees, every other of a quick-growing variety. Be sure that there is plenty of space for lawns and gardens. Reserve large areas for football, hockey and parks. Earmark areas for Hindu temples, Mohammedan mosques and Christian churches.”

On these instructions was built was a city brought a wave of steel revolution in India.

How and Why Jamshedpur developed

Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata was born in 1839 in a Parsi family. He made most of his fortune trading cotton, tea, copper, and brass. He was a brilliant businessman who loved inventions.

He had a sharp business acumen and was a huge supporter of the Swadeshi concept. He was inspired to establish the first steel plant in India when he listened to the philosopher, Thomas Carlyle’s words in Manchester. According to Carlyle, a country who has control over iron can have control over gold.

Today, Tata is one of the biggest names in business. The llegacy was carried on by many including Ratan Tata. bloncampus.com
Today, Tata is one of the biggest names in the business world. The legacy being carried on by the family, including Ratan Tata. bloncampus.com

His idea was ridiculed by the Britishers but it didn’t have any effect on Jamsetji’s determination. He sailed to in 1902, where he was dubbed as ‘the J. P. Morgan of the East Indies’ by the press.

Also Read: Jamsetji Tata: Glancing at the journey of the pioneer of Indian Industry

In America, Jamsetji hired two key men, one to build his steel mill and the other to run it. He spent lots of time researching and talking to various geologists and engineers to rope them into developing his steel plant. However, he died before completing this dream and his son, Dorabji Tata took on the challenge.

The Tata Iron and Steel Corporation or TISCO started producing steel in 1908, and it made India the first Asian country to have steel plant of its own.

TISCO, Jamshedpur and World Wars

When World War I broke out in 1914, TISCO proved to be of crucial importance. British government recognised its importance and potential. It played a huge role in providing the steel for arms and ammunition which helped Britain win the war.

The steel produced in Jamshedpur by TISCO was used in military campaigns across Mesopotamia, Egypt and East Africa.

TISCO provided steel for the arms and ammunition during both the World Wars.
TISCO provided steel for the arms and ammunition during both the World Wars.

In World War II (1939), to protect itself, TISCO sent steel ropes tied to gas balloons up to the sky to prevent Japanese planes from bombing down the mill. Tar boilers were also set up across the factory to create smokescreens. Also, sirens were set up.

When the Japanese attacks increased, Allied forces were brought to Jamshedpur. However, then there were no hotels to lodge the troops. So an Anglo-Indian, Bartholomew D’Costa, and his son were asked to build one hastily.

Jamshedpur is one of the most industrially advanced city in India. Wikimedia Commons
Jamshedpur is one of the most industrially advanced cities in India. Wikimedia Commons

The father-son duo set up The Boulevard Hotel in Jamshedpur in December 1940. It was the first ever hotel in the industrial town of Jamshedpur.

Jamshedpur and its glory

Post Independence, Jamshedpur with its steel plant continued to play an important role. It helped in the economic and industrial development of India.

Also Read: Times of Tata ad: Is the foundation of journalism in jeopardy?

Jamshedpur has seen the time of war and is of great historical significance too. Tata has done further efforts to make this city one of the bests. They’re built schools, railways junctions, sports complex, etc. The city today is sprawling with development and is one of the cities with the most potential for further advancements.

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Tata Steel organises Four-Day long Tribal Festival pan-India on Birsa Munda’s Birth Anniversary

The event was thrown open to public with a tribute to Birsa Munda, the 19th century tribal warrior known for chinning up to mighty British

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Birsa Munda, Youtube

Jamshedpur, Nov 15, 2016: Tata Steel inaugurated the third edition of its pan-India tribal conclave on Birsa Munda’s birth anniversary on Tuesday here, with over 40 tribes across 20 states from around the country slated to take part in it.

Themed around ‘Tribal Health Systems’, the four-day long event will hear experts from tribal regions on the benefits of native medicines. Throughout the duration of the conclave these experts, or ethno-botanists, will discuss their age-old custom of diagnosing and curing ailments from local natural elements only.

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The event was thrown open to public with a tribute to Birsa Munda, the 19th century tribal warrior known for chinning up to mighty British, proceeding with dance performances from artistes of several states.

Tata Steel Group Executive Director (Finance and Corporate), Koushik Chatterjee, at the inaugural said: “We care and respect the diversity, culture, history and practices of the tribal community. Samvaad aims to celebrate tribal life by providing a common platform to share experiences, views and issues that impact the tribal communities.”

He also said: “There is a world of tribal life which is very pure and close to nature and as citizens of this country, the tribals have contributed for many centuries. We are very proud to say that over the last three years, Samvaad has become a big celebration and at Tata Steel we would like to continue to facilitate this dialogue.”

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Several tribes also put on display their local paintings, drawings, and other wares at the stalls to interest visitors in their singular cultures. Also there were many tribals with herbs and twigs and mushrooms of all sorts, which they said can be used to cure everything from a toothache to breast cancer.

Among other tribes, Munda of Jharkhand and Konyak of Nagaland performed their native dance.

“Our dance is called a ‘warrior’ s dance’ or ‘victory dance’, which we Nagas perform upon winning a battle,” Chenwang Konyak, the leader of Naga troupe told IANS.

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“I loved dancing here, more so because I got to know other cultures as well. Others, at times, perceive us as very different but I want to let them know that we are Indians too and we love India,” he said.

“It’s a matter of shame for those people who don’t even know about the geography of the nation and still insist on appearing as well educated. Just now someone asked me where Nagaland was, whether he was teasing me I don’t know,” he added. (IANS)