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Japanese microbiologist Yoshinori Ohsumi wins Nobel in medicine for autophagy research

Japan’s Yoshinori Ohsumi won the Nobel Medicine Prize for his work on autophagy— a process by which cells eat themselves if that's disrupted it can cause Parkinson's and diabetes

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Nobel Prize (Representational Image). Wikimedia
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  • Ohsumi’s discoveries have led to a new paradigm in the understanding of how the cell recycles its contents
  • Autophagy is a process in cell physiology with major implications for human health and disease
  • Mutations in autophagy genes can cause disease, and the autophagic process is involved in several conditions including cancer and neurological disease

Stockholm, October 3, 2016: Japan’s microbiologist Yoshinori Ohsumi won the Nobel Medicine Prize on Monday for his work on autophagy — a process by which cells “eat themselves” if that’s disrupted it can cause Parkinson’s and diabetes. Autophagy is a process in cell physiology with major implications for human health and disease.

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The process is essential for the degradation and recycling of the damaged cell parts and its failure which is believed to be responsible for cell damage and ageing.

During the 1960s, researchers first observed that the cell could destroy its own contents by wrapping them up in membranes and transporting them to a recycling compartment called the lysosome.

According to PTI/AFP, “Difficulties in studying the phenomenon meant that little was known until, in a series of brilliant experiments in the early 1990s, Yoshinori Ohsumi used baker’s yeast to identify genes essential for autophagy.”

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He went on to explain the mechanisms for autophagy in yeast and also showed that similar kind of sophisticated machinery is used in human cells as well.

Ohsumi’s discoveries “have led to a new paradigm in the understanding of how the cell recycles its contents,” the jury said.

“Mutations in autophagy genes can cause disease, and the autophagic process is involved in several conditions including cancer and neurological disease,” it added.

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71- year old,Ohsumi received a PhD from the University of Tokyo in 1974, and is currently a professor at the Tokyo Institute of Technology.

– by NewsGram with inputs from PTI

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FIFA World Cup 2018: Indian Cuisine becomes the most sought after in Moscow

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Indian cuisine in FIFA World cup
Indian dishes available in Moscow during FIFA World Cup 2018, representational image, wikimedia commons

June 17, 2018:

Restaurateurs Prodyut and Sumana Mukherjee have not only brought Indian cuisine to the ongoing FIFA World Cup 2018 here but also plan to dish out free dinner to countrymen if Argentina wins the trophy on July 15.

Based in Moscow for the last 27 years, Prodyut and Sumana run two Indian eateries, “Talk Of The Town” and “Fusion Plaza”.

You may like to read more on Indian cuisine: Indian ‘masala’, among other condiments spicing up global food palate.

Both restaurants serve popular Indian dishes like butter chicken, kebabs and a varied vegetarian spread.

During the ongoing FIFA World Cup 2018, there will be 25 per cent discount for those who will possess a Fan ID (required to watch World Cup games).

There will also be gifts and contests on offers during matches in both the restaurants to celebrate the event.

The Mukherjees, hailing from Kolkata, are die-hard fans of Argentina. Despite Albiceleste drawing 1-1 with Iceland in their group opener with Lionel Messi failing to sparkle, they believe Jorge Sampaoli’s team can go the distance.

“I am an Argentina fan. I have booked tickets for a quarterfinal match, a semifinal and of course the final. If Argentina goes on to lift

During the World Cup, there will be 25 per cent discount for those who will possess a Fan ID (required to watch World Cup games).

There will also be gifts and contests on offers during matches in both the restaurants to celebrate the event.

FIFA World Cup 2018 Russia
FIFA World Cup 2018, Wikimedia Commons.

“We have been waiting for this World Cup. Indians come in large numbers during the World Cup and we wanted these eateries to be a melting point,” he added.

According to Cutting Edge Events, FIFA’s official sales agency in India for the 2018 World Cup, India is amongst the top 10 countries in terms of number of match tickets bought.

Read more about Indian cuisine abroad: Hindoostane Coffee House: London’s First Indian Restaurant.

Prodyut came to Moscow to study engineering and later started working for a pharmaceutical company here before trying his hand in business. Besides running the two restaurants with the help of his wife, he was into the distribution of pharmaceutical products.

“After Russia won the first match of the World Cup, the footfall has gone up considerably. The Indians are also flooding in after the 6-9 p.m. game. That is the time both my restaurants remain full,” Prodyut said.

There are also plans to rope in registered fan clubs of Latin American countries, who will throng the restaurants during matches and then follow it up with after-game parties till the wee hours.

“I did get in touch with some of the fan clubs I had prior idea about. They agreed to come over and celebrate the games at our joints. Those will be gala nights when both eateries will remain open all night for them to enjoy,” Prodyut said.

Watching the World Cup is a dream come true for the couple, Sumana said.

“We want to make the Indians who have come here to witness the spectacle and feel at home too. We always extend a helping hand and since we are from West Bengal, we make special dishes for those who come from Bengal,” she added. (IANS)