Experiencing chronic job insecurity can change your personality for the worse, say health and lifestyle researchers, adding that those exposed to job insecurity over more than four years became less emotionally stable, less agreeable, and less conscientious.
The study, published in the Journal of Applied Psychology, built on a growing evidence base about the negative consequences of job insecurity.
“Traditionally, we’ve thought about the short-term consequences of job insecurity – that it hurts your well-being, physical health, sense of self-esteem,” said study researcher Lena Wang from RMIT University in Australia. “But now we are looking at how that actually changes who you are as a person over time, a long-term consequence that you may not even be aware of,” Wang added.
The study used nationally representative data from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey in relation to answers about job security and personality for 1,046 employees over a nine-year period.
It applied a well-established personality framework known as the Big Five, which categorises human personality into five broad traits: emotional stability, agreeableness, conscientiousness, extraversion and openness.
The study results showed that long-term job insecurity negatively affected the first three traits, which relate to a person’s tendency to reliably achieve goals, get along with others, and cope with stress. The researchers said the results went against some assumptions about job insecurity.
“Some might believe that insecure work increases productivity because workers will work harder to keep their jobs, but our research suggests this may not be the case if job insecurity persists,” Wang said.
“We found that those chronically exposed to job insecurity are in fact more likely to withdraw their effort and shy away from building strong, positive working relationships, which can undermine their productivity in the long run,” Wang added. Previous research has shown that insecure work – including labour hire practices, contract and casual work, and underemployment – is on the rise in Australia and globally.
The HILDA data drew on responses from employees from a broad cross-section of professions and jobs, who were asked about how secure they perceived their jobs to be. The researchers said that types of job insecurity might include short-term contracts or casual work, jobs threatened by automation, and positions that could be in line for a redundancy. (IANS)
The recent lockdown may prove daunting on our physiological and psychological well-being, due to lack of social mingling, outdoor and office routine.
This is when the ancient-old wisdom of Yoga comes to rescue. Yoga and lifestyle coach Grand Master Akshar suggests some common ways yoga can be used to effectively improve wellbeing at this time.
Enhance blood circulation with yoga
As a salutation to Lord Sun, Surya Namaskar always starts with the right side. This is because the Surya Nadi or the Sun channel runs along the right side, so you begin the Surya Namaskar with your right leg. The Surya Namaskar or Sun Salutation is best practiced early in the morning before sunrise. This will bless you with physical and mental strength, give you command over your body, calm your mind, balance your energies, and bring peace to your consciousness. Surya Namaskar is a powerful technique to make you more mindful. With regular practise, each and every task that you take up will be done consciously and with great care.
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Repeat the 12 steps with the Left leg moving in and out second to make 1 complete cycle. Total cycle is made of 24 counts.
How yoga and meditation is beneficial to increase immunity
The practice of Yoga asanas, and meditation provides natural support the immune system. By lowering stress hormones in your body, yoga rescues the immune system from compromise. Apart from this, Yoga conditions the lungs and respiratory tract, stimulates the lymphatic system removing toxins from the body, and ensures the optimal functioning of your organs. Here are a few asanas that can improve your immune system- Paschimottanasana, Halasana, Dhanurasana, Chakrasana, and Padmasana.
The rule of social distancing which has been enforced is also a great opportunity to build your mental strength. Through the practices of Pranayama and Meditation, you can increase your mental and spiritual strength. Practice Anulom Vilom, Kapal Bhati, Khand, and Brahmari pranayama. Include dairy products, orange juice, soy milk, cereals and daily exposure to sunlight before 10AM for your quota of Vitamin D.
How to handle depression and anxiety?
Through social distancing, we are spending more time with our families, and also have time for ourselves. With a pause on our lives, we now have to readjust, refocus and reinvent our schedules. Keep yourself occupied with productive activities, and involve your family too. Practice Surya Namaskar, yoga asanas, pranayama and meditation techniques. Be as helpful as you can at home lending a hand wherever possible with chores. Keep an open mind, be a good listener, practice kindness, and understanding with those who are with you, or around you. Indulge in collective activities with your family members such as playing board games, singing, listening to music, talking, sharing your thoughts etc. Do not overdo news consumption, as this causes paranoia and unnecessary panic. Try to maintain a calm and balanced outlook as you look forward with optimism.
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Now is the time when you can go deep in your meditation, and in your pranayama practice. Here is a technique that will help you build on your mental health, and resilience. Health is everything, and this time can be used to work on building your mental, and physical health.
Aakaash Ganga Dhyan: (Galaxy Meditation)
Aakash Gange Dhyan is a type of meditation or visualization where you are required to imagine yourself to be an earthen pot. As you meditate, picture yourself to be a container that is allowing the entire universe to flow into you. Accept these energies as feel them flowing into you.
Makes you one with nature/existence
Get the power of the galaxy
Mind becomes strong
Builds memory power
Sit in any comfortable pose (such as Sukhasan, Ardhapadmasan or Padmasana)
Straighten your back and close your eyes
Place your palms on your knees facing up (in Prapthi Mudra)
Place your thumbs on the ‘Tragus’, the external flap outside on your ear.
Place your index finger on your forehead; your middle finger on the Medial Canthus and ring finger on the corner of your nostril
Inhale and fill your lungs with air
As you exhale, slowly make a buzzing sound like that of a bee, i.e., “mmmmmmmï¿½.”
Keep your mouth closed the entire time and feel the vibration of the sound disseminate throughout your body
Duration: you may begin by practicing this breathing technique for five minutes a day and gradually increase it with time.
Calms the mind and rejuvenates the body
Increases sensitivity to tastes and fragrances
Relieves stress and anxiety
Makes the voice pleasant and melodious and strengthens the vocal cords
Treats throat uneasiness
Balances blood pressure
What precautions should be taken in this critical situation, along with social isolation and distancing?
Diet: Along with your yoga, and meditation practice you can modify your diet to add healthier, and natural foods. Work on your immune system by consuming fruits and vegetables that provide you with Vitamin C. Choose fruits such as orange, kiwi, lemon, guava, grapefruit, and vegetables such as broccoli, cauliflower, Brussel sprouts and capsicums for your dose of Vitamin C.
Include dairy products, orange juice, soy milk, and cereals for your quota of Vitamin D. Brown rice, millets dark leafy vegetables are a great source for Vitamin B. Sunlight is also extremely beneficial for you, try to wake up early and get your daily dose of the morning sun to soak up all those numerous health benefits.
Control your news consumption
Avoid going overboard on how often you check the news updates. While it is useful to have awareness, and be in the know, frequent news watching, sharing forwards relating to the pandemic, watching videos, reading social media opinions could cause an imbalance in your emotional state.
Mindfulness tips to cope up with Coronavirus Panic
Pause and celebrate all the positive changes that have already occurred on an unprecedented scale. Calamitous events such as natural disasters and accidents work as a trigger to cause unexpected positive events. They turn our attention toward the things that really matter, but which we usually take for granted. Through social distancing, we are spending more time with our families. The collective process of sharing and caring for each other is what helps us as humans to adapt, survive and thrive despite all odds. The Coronavirus has slowed down life for us, giving us all the much-needed pause. Let our thoughts and prayers go to those who are kept away from their loved ones now.
Easy ways to stay active at work from home during Corona
Regulate your sleeping hours and avoid oversleeping and overeating. Start your day early and put in at least 1 or 2 hours of practice every morning. Surya Namaskar, Chandra Namaskar, and other flows can be done for as many cycles as per your capability. Do not spend long hours sitting in front of the television. Move your body with light stretches once every 2-3 hours, drink plenty of water and follow a disciplined routine.
How to exercise at home if you don’t have a home gym
Yoga can be practiced anywhere and at any time. Because Yoga does not need any equipment such as weights, or machines etc., it is an ideal choice for those who do not prefer working out at a gym. When you begin the day with Yoga, it keeps you active and energetic.
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Formation of the posture
Lie on your stomach
Place your palms under your shoulders and lift your upper body, pelvis and knees up
Grip the floor with toes and keep the knees straight
Ensure that your knees, pelvis and spine are aligned
Your wrists must be exactly below your shoulders with your arms straight
Hold the final posture for a while
Formation of the posture
Begin with Santholanasan (Plank)
With your left palm firmly on the ground, remove your right hand off the floor
Turn your entire body to face the right side and lift your right leg off the floor and place
it over your left leg
Raise your right arm above and keep your fingers pointing to the sky
Ensure that both your knees, heels and feet are in contact with each other
Ensure that both arms and shoulders are in one straight line