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The Court noted that educated younger boys and girls are picking their life partners.

The Supreme Court issued five significant judgements and orders in 2020-2021, according to the Bar & Bench. Here are some which are relevant to the public as well.
Family consent is not required if two adults decide to marry: The State of Karnataka v. Laxmibai Chandaragi

The Court noted that educated younger boys and girls are picking their life partners, which is contrary to societal standards. When two mature people decide to marry, their consent must take precedence over the approval of their family, community, or tribe.

Devilal v. State of Madhya Pradesh - Juvenile offenders under the age of 18 and those beyond the age of 16 must be sent to the jurisdictional Juvenile Justice Board.


In this case, the Court evaluated whether the benefit under the Juvenile Justice Act might be extended to offenders who were older than 16 but less than 18 at the time of the offence.

Even if the accused were convicted, the Court determined that the case should be remanded to the jurisdictional Juvenile Justice Board.

Press freedom in relation to court proceedings: Mr. Vijayabhaskar v. India's Chief Election Commissioner

The Supreme Court ruled that freedom of speech and expression includes reporting on court proceedings, including oral observations made by justices.

"Article 19(1)(a) protects the freedom of the press". The right to free speech and expression extends to court proceedings as well... People are becoming more digitally oriented, and they increasingly rely on the internet for information. As a result, preventing a new means for reporting proceedings would be futile. This is something that constitutional bodies will do better than complain about " according to the Court.

The court also stated that freedom of press is "somewhat related" to privacy concerns, and that it is "compelled to take up the cause to ascertain the truth and get to the bottom of the claims" made in the petitions about the use of the Pegasus programme in this light.

According to the petitioners in the lawsuit, the Israeli-origin spyware predominantly targeted those who are perceived as outspoken opponents of the central government or its policies.

This is the first time that the Supreme Court has recognised the importance of sources in journalism. Individuals or citizens who come forward and offer information to the media regarding misconduct or unlawful acts within a state or non-state institution are examples of sources. In some cases, such individuals may also be whistleblowers.

Protest by Maratha Community The Supreme Court's Constitution Bench overturned the Maratha reservation quota.OneIndia/wikipedia

Also read: Supreme Court: Custody Of Accused

Reservation for the Maratha community: The Chief Minister v. Dr. Jaishri Laxmanrao Patil

The Supreme Court's Constitution Bench overturned the Maratha reservation quota, ruling that there were no exceptional circumstances supporting the provision of reservation to the Maratha group in excess of the 50 percent ceiling limit set by the Indra Sawhney decision.

Despite political supremacy over the years, consecutive agricultural crises have created a large gap between them, resulting in a deterioration in financial security among the lower and middle classes. It resulted in a desire for work as well as educational concerns.

The bill was introduced after the community organised massive silent marches across the state in 2017 and 2018 requesting reserve. It wasn't a new demand; it had been in the works since the 1980s.. Several community agitations were held over the years, but none were as well-organised as the ones that forced the political class to go forward and take solid moves in those years.

On the freedom to dissent in Amit Sahni v. Commissioner of Police

The Supreme Court ruled in a case brought against the Shaheen Bagh demonstrations in Delhi against the Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019, that public areas cannot be occupied continuously.

The Court made a number of observations about the scope of the right to protest. Democracy and dissent go hand in hand, but dissenting protests must take place in authorised areas only, according to the Court. The Court went on to say that opposition against colonial authority cannot be compared to dissent in a self-governing democracy.

In the case of Amish Devgan v. Union of India, the question of what constituted "hate speech" was raised:

When refusing to dismiss FIRs against TV anchor Amish Devgan for allegedly hurting religious sensibilities after he used the phrase 'Lootera Chishti' while referring to Sufi saint Moinuddin Chishti in one of his TV discussions, the Court made some significant observations on what constitutes hate speech.

The Court stated that just alluding to the sentiments of one community or group without mentioning any other community or group does not constitute "hate speech." The Court stated, among other things, that freedom and rights cannot be used to cause public unrest or instigate violence.


(keywords: Supreme court, judgements, hate speech, freedom to dissent)


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