Tuesday March 31, 2020

Find Out why Kids Who Blame Themselves for Mother’s Sadness Face Depression

Although mothers with higher levels of depressive symptoms face increased risk that their children will also experience symptoms of depression and anxiety

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Researchers have found that kids who blame themselves for mom's sadness are more likely to face depression and anxiety. Pixabay

Dear parents, please take note. Researchers have found that kids who blame themselves for mom’s sadness are more likely to face depression and anxiety. This is a health news.

“Although mothers with higher levels of depressive symptoms face increased risk that their children will also experience symptoms of anxiety, our study showed that this was not the case for all children,” said study lead author Chrystyna Kouros from Southern Methodist University in the US. “Rather, it was those children who felt they were to blame for their mother’s sadness …that had higher levels of internalizing symptoms,” Kouros added.

The study, published in the Journal of Family Psychology is based on surveys taken by 129 mothers and their children, who were recruited from the Dallas-Fort Worth community through schools, flyers and online advertisements. On average, children included in the study were 13 years old.

According to the researchers, moms were asked to agree or disagree to 20 statements like “I could not shake off the blues” and “I lost interest in my usual activities” to assess if they had depressive symptoms, even if they had not actually been diagnosed with depression.

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The internalizing symptoms in kids can lead to depression. Pixabay

Nearly 12 per cent of the women surveyed were found to have potential clinical levels of depressive symptoms, the study said. The moms were also asked to assess whether they felt their children had symptoms of depression and anxiety.

Kids, meanwhile, were asked to complete a total of four surveys to see if they were dealing with any anxiety or depression and whether they blamed themselves for any signs of depression in their mothers. According to the researchers, there are two likely explanations for the linkage between mothers’ depressive symptoms and kids’ own mental health issues.

“If children blame themselves for their mothers’ depressive symptoms, then they may be more likely to brood about their mother’s symptoms. And we know from an extensive body of research that rumination over stressors – especially ones that are uncontrollable – is linked with depression and anxiety,” Kouros said. “Also, if children feel personally responsible for their mothers’ symptoms, they may try to ‘make it better’ and use ineffective coping strategies,” Kouros added.

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This could lead to a sense of helplessness, failure, and low self-worth in the child, since ultimately the child was misattributing the cause of their mothers’ depressive symptoms, the researchers said. (IANS)

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Here’s Why Women with Psychiatric Disorders Are Less Likely to Have Second Child

This contrasts with 82 per cent of mothers who did not experience psychiatric problems.

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psychiatric disorders
Researchers have claimed that women who suffer from psychiatric disorders are less likely to go on to have more children. Pixabay

Researchers have claimed that women who suffer from psychiatric disorders such as depression, anxiety and schizophrenia following the live birth of their first child are less likely to go on to have more children.

The study, published in the journal Human Reproduction, found that 69 per cent of women who experienced postpartum psychiatric disorders within the first six months after the birth of their first baby went on to have further children. This contrasts with 82 per cent of mothers who did not experience psychiatric problems.

“We wanted to explore whether women with postpartum psychiatric disorders had a reduced possibility of having a second child. Furthermore, we considered whether a reduction in the live birth rate was due to personal choices or decreased fertility, as these are important issues to consider,” said study lead author Xiaoqin Liu from Aarhus University in Denmark.

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For the findings, the research team analysed data from Danish registries for 414,571 women who had their first live birth between 1997 and 2015 in Denmark. They followed the women for a maximum of 19.5 years until the next live birth, emigration, death, their 45th birthday or June 2016, whichever occurred first.

They identified women with postpartum psychiatric disorders by seeing if they were given prescriptions for psychotropic medications or had hospital contact for psychiatric disorders during the first six months after the live birth of their first child.

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The study, published in the journal Human Reproduction, found that 69 per cent of women who experienced postpartum psychiatric disorders within the first six months after the birth of their first baby went on to have further children. Pixabay

A total of 4,327 (one per cent) of women experienced psychiatric disorders following the birth of their first child, according to the study. These women were a third less likely to have a second live birth compared to women who did not experience psychiatric disorders. If the first child died, the difference in subsequent live birth rates disappeared.

However, if the psychiatric problem required hospitalisation, the likelihood of a woman having a second child nearly halved and this remained the case irrespective of whether the first child survived or not.

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“Although fewer women with postpartum psychiatric disorders had subsequent children, it is noteworthy that about 69 per cent of these women still chose to have a second child,” Dr Liu said.

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“For the remaining 31 per cent of women, we need to differentiate the reasons why they did not have another child. If they avoided another pregnancy due to fear of relapse, an important clinical message to them is that prevention of relapse is possible,” Liu added.

The researchers said that other possible explanations for the reduction in the subsequent live birth rate may be that women with postpartum psychiatric disorders are less able to conceive or have more problematic relationships with partners. (IANS)