Wednesday December 12, 2018

Know about the largest Hindu temple in Indonesia: Prambanan Temple

Prambanan Temple is the largest temple compound devoted to Lord Shiva in Indonesia. It is UNESCO World Heritage site.

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Representational Image. Image: Wikimedia Commons
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By Pragya Jha

Name of the temple: Prambanan Temple

Other names: Loro Jonggrang, Sewu Temple, Bubrah Temple, Lumbung Temple,

Candi Prambanan (Candi = temple)

Location: Central Java, Indonesia

Built in: 10th century

Dedicated to: Trimurti (Hinduism)

Temples are places of worship. In India temples are an integral part of Hindus faith. But are these structures only confined to India? Not really! Faith and religions don’t have any boundaries. Prambanan Temple also known as Roro Jonggrang in Indonesia is one of the most beautiful temple in the world. It is the biggest structure in java which has three main temples dedicated to Hindu deities namely Shiva, Vishnu and Brahma who are considered as a symbol of Trimurti according to Hindu belief.

History

Image Source: Wikimedia Commons
Image Source: Wikimedia Commons

The construction of Prambanan Temple commenced with Rakai Pikatan of Mataram Kingdom. Initially, the temple was dedicated to Hindu deity Shiva which was further expanded by the successive kings. At its bloom, there were 240 temples which were eventually abandoned by either by the eruption of nearby Mt. Merapi or by political struggle. In 6th century, an earthquake led to the collapse of Prambanan Temple.

The temple was rediscovered by the Dutch. Surveys and excavation were done but formal restoration began in the year 1930. Much of the original work was stolen therefore the temple was rebuilt with only 75% of the original material that was available. Restoration work is still going on at the Prambanan Temple.

Story

As per the locals,  belief, there is a story associated with the temple, a man named  Bandung Bondowoso wanted to marry a beautiful princess named Loro Djonggrang. The king agreed to his request but the princess did not want to marry him. To avoid his marriage proposal she cleverly put a condition in front of him. She told him that she would marry him only if he builds 1000 temples before sunlight. With the help of genies and some magical powers, Bandung completed 999th and was about to win the princess. With time running out, the princess asked the villagers to pound rice and light a fire in order to wake the roosters. Nandung felt cheated and he decided to turn the princess into stone. A statue of her graces the main temple, which explains the Javanese name for the temple – Rara Jonggrang, meaning “slender maiden.” In addition, a nearby temple is named Candi Sewu – “a thousand temples.”

Related Article: 5 most famous Hindu Temples in South East Asia

Worship of Gods

Image Source: Wikimedia Commons
Image Source: Wikimedia Commons

Prambanan Temple is dedicated to the Trimurti. The biggest temple which is 47 meters high is devoted to Lord Shiva- the destroyer and the other two temples which are placed left and right side of the big temple are devoted to Brahma-the creator and Vishnu-the sustainer. In 1991, Prambanan was declared as World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

Activities

Image Source: Wikimedia Commons
Image Source: Wikimedia Commons

There is an open theater which hosts the performance of Ramayana Ballet. In the rainy season, the shows are shifted indoor to the Trimurti Theater. At full moon, during May to October Ramayana Ballet is performed in classic Javanese style. Over 250 dancers perform dance drama on outdoor stage.

Prambanan Temple is an example of Indian culture that is prevalent abroad. The temple is an icon of Indonesia’s cultural heritage.

Pragya Jha is a student of Journalism and Mass Communication, New DelhiTwitter:@pragya1527

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  • Pragya Jha

    Prambanan Temple is the largest temple of South East Asia. It is composed of 8 main shrines called ‘gopuras.’

  • Pashchiema Bhatia

    Glad to see that Hindu mythology and Heritage is preserved so beautifully in Indonesia

Next Story

Hindus In Delhi Push For A Temple On The Ruins Of a Mosque

The Supreme Court has delayed hearings into the disputed site but hardliners have vowed to lay a foundation stone next year regardless.

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Hindu
Supporters of Vishwa Hindu Parishad gather during a rally in New Delhi, Dec. 9, 2018. The group gathered thousands of supporters to demand the construction of a Hindu temple on a site where a mosque was attacked, demolished in 1992. VOA

Tens of thousands of hardline Hindu protesters marched in New Delhi on Sunday, calling for a grand temple to be built on the ruins of a destroyed mosque in a flashpoint Indian city.

Trident-waving devotees clad in saffron filled a huge parade ground in the Indian capital under tight security, where speakers warned Prime Minister Narendra Modi they would not let up until the temple was sanctioned.

Some of Modi’s supporters feel the Hindu nationalist leader has not done enough to raise a shrine at a site in Ayodhya, a city believed by many to be the birthplace of the deity Ram.

The site was home to a medieval mosque for 460 years until Hindu zealots tore it down in 1992, kicking off riots across India that left thousands dead, most of them Muslims.

Its future has been tied up in courts for decades but some hardliners want Modi, who is seeking reelection in 2019, to push parliament to guarantee the temple by law.

World Hindu Congress, Hindu
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“The gathering here is telling you that Hindus won’t sit back until the temple is built, and our wishes are respected,” said Champat Rai, the leader of the Vishva Hindu Parishad (VHP) group that organized the protest.

Demonstrators chanting “Praise be to Ram” packed the Ramlila Maidan, a vast ground capable of holding more than 50,000 people, and filled the surrounding streets.

Some carried maces and tridents — weapons traditionally wielded by Hindu gods — and traveled great distances by train and bus to reach the rally.

“We have come here to protect our religion and Hindu pride. We want a temple for our Lord Ram,” Hitesh Bharadwaj, a teacher from Delhi’s satellite city Noida, told AFP.

The hardline VHP has applied pressure on Modi in recent weeks, staging a huge show of force in Ayodhya itself last month.

Hindu, Mosque
Photo credit: theguardian.com

A close ally of Modi’s Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), the group is spearheading a push to raise the Ram temple, and is calling for more protests as the premier prepares to go to the polls by May.

The BJP was on the margins until the 1980s when its top leaders, including Modi, backed a growing movement for the construction of the Ram temple.

Its advocates want parliament to introduce a law bypassing legal hurdles blocking the temple before Modi’s term ends.

Also Read: Delhi’s Air Quality Leads To Ban On Trucks And Construction

The Supreme Court has delayed hearings into the disputed site but hardliners have vowed to lay a foundation stone next year regardless.

“We don’t care about the courts. A grand temple will be constructed in 2019,” Sushil Chawdhary, a VHP leader, told AFP. (VOA)