Get subscribed to our newsletter
Get interesting updates to your email inbox.
The Jyotirlinga is a devotional representation of Lord Shiva, and is considered to be a holy site for Hindus. In India, there are 12 Jyotirlinga Temples in total which are visited by millions of devotees from all over the world.
It must be noted that each of this Jyotirlinga Temple has a significant folklore attached to them which adds a distinct character to each one of them.
Being strategically placed in beautiful parts of India, these 12 Jyotirlinga Temples attract a lot of tourists from all over the world, which in turn increases the tourism of India and adds up to the GDP of the country.
Read below to know all about the 12 Jyotirlinga Temples of India!
The Somnath Jyotirlinga Temple, Gujarat
It must be noted that the Somnath Lingam is considered as the first of the 12 Jyotirlingas in India, and is considered to be one of the most sacred pilgrimages in the Sanatan religion. There exists an interesting story behind the origin of this Lingam. It is believed that when the moon was cursed by his father-in-law because of being negligent towards his other wife, he lost all of his radiance. Then the moon prayed to Lord Shiva and regained all the lost radiance and beauty.
Somnath Temple.Photo by Suketu Solanki; Unsplash.
Mallika Arjun Lingam, Andra Pradesh
This Lingam is situated on the top of Shri Shaila Mountain, which is also called the "Kailash of South". This temple is considered to be one of the greatest shrines of Lord Shiva. The name of the temple comes from “Mallika" which means “Goddess Parvati", who is the wife of Lord Shiva, and “Arjun" which is another name of Lord Shiva. It is also believed that Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati decided to live on this mountain after their elder son, Kartikey, left home in anger.
Mahakaleshvar Temple, Madhya Pradesh
This Lingam is considered to be another important pilgrimage site in India. As per the text of Puranas, it is believed that once there was a five-year-old boy named Shrikar, who took a stone and started worshipping it as Lord Shiva. Seeing this, many people made fun of him and tried to divert him, but his faith kept on growing. Then, when Lord Shiva saw this devotion in Shrikar, Lord Shiva took the form of a Jyotirlinga and decided to stayin the Mahakal forest.
Mahakaleshvar Temple.Photo by Wikimedia Commons.
Omkareshvar Jyotirlinga, Madhya Pradesh
This Lingam is situated on a riverine island in the Narmada River. According to the text of Vedic scriptures, it is believed that once upon a time, a great war broke between the Devas (angels) and Asuras (demons), and in this war, the asuras won. Seeing this, the Devas then prayed to Lord Shiva, and highly pleased with their devotion, Lord Shiva transformed into the form of Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga and defeated the Asuras (demons). Since then, Omkareshvar Jyotirlinga is considered to be one of the holiest site for Hindus.
Bhimashankar Jyotirlinga, Maharashtra
This Jyotirlinga is situated in the Sahyadri region of Pune, on the banks of Bhima River. The story behind the origin of this Jyotirlinga is very interesting. After a long penance, Lord Brahma granted Bhima Kumbhkaran's son some powers after which he started creating havoc on Earth. Seeing this, all the gods plead before Lord Shiva for help. Seeing how helpless the gods are, Lord Shiva then fought a battle and killed the demon, and on the request of the gods, Lord Shiva stayed at this very place.
Bhimashankar Jyotirlinga.Photo by Wikimedia Commons.
Rameshwaram Temple, Tamil Nadu
This temple is situated on the southern most tip of India, in the state of Tamil Nadu. The reason why this Lingam is named as “Rameshwaram" is because it was placed by Lord Ram himself. The story behind this temple is that once in the quest of Goddess Sita, Lord Ram reached the southern most tip of India and saw a vast ocean between him and his love, Goddess Sita, when Ravana abducted her. Lord Ram then made a Shiva Lingam with sand and started worshiping it. Seeing this, Lord Shiva became pleased and helped him in winning the war against Ravana. It is said that since then, Lord Shiva resides there.
Nageshwar Temple, Gujarat
This lingam is also known as Nagnath, and is situated in the Saurashtra area of Gujarat. According to Shiva Purana, a devotee of Lord Shivanamed Supriya was captured by the Asur Daaruka. The demon kept her as a prisoner with several others in his capital Daarukavana. Supriya told all the prisoners to chant "Om Namah Shivay" which made Daaruka furious who ran to kill Supriya. Lord Shiva emerged in front of the demon and killed him. Then Nageshwar Temple came into being.
Nageshwar Temple.Photo by Flickr.
Kashi Vishwanath Temple, Varanasi
It is believed that Lord Shiva was first manifested here when a fight broke between Lord Vishnu and Lord Brahma. This temple is said to be Lord Shiva's favourite as it is considered as the true abode of Shiva.
It is believed that river Godavari has its source in this temple. The story goes likes, once Lord Shiva decided to reside here as a lingam after many earnest requests of Gautam Rishi and Godavari who are known to be big devotees of Lord Shiva.
Trayambkeshwar Temple.Photo by Wikimedia Commons.
Girishneshwar Jyotirlinga, Aurangabad
This Lingam is situated near the famous Ajanta-Ellora caves, and has many legends associated with it. It is interesting to note that no one really knows about the true origins of this lingam.
This Lingam is situated Located in the Rudra Himalayan ranges, and is one of the holiest pilgrimages in India. This place opens up for its devotees for only six months in a year. It is believed that after a hard penance of Nar and Narayan, Lord Shiva decided to stay in Kedarnath till eternity.
Kedarnath Temple.Photo by Wikimedia Commons.
Baidyanath Jyotirlinga, Jharkhand
This Lingam is considered as one of the most powerful lingams in the world. It is believed that the worshippers of this lingam attain salvation. It is also believed that this lingam was given to Ravana after his long meditation but on one condition that if it gets placed somewhere it will stay there forever. To this, all the gods conspired against Ravana and made him place the lingam in Jharkhand, where it stayed forever.
Keywords: temples, india, indian temples, travel, tourism, hinduism, spirituality
Children exposed to high levels of air pollution are up to 50 per cent more likely to self-harm later in life, suggested a study that adds to evidence of link between air pollution and mental health problems. Researchers from the University of Manchester in England and Aarhus University examined 1.4million kids under 10 in Denmark and found that those exposed to a high level of nitrogen dioxide were more likely to self harm in adulthood than their peers, the Daily Mail reported.
And people in the same age group exposed to above average levels of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) were 48 per cent more likely to subsequently self-harm, revealed the study published in the journal Preventive Medicine. Nitrogen dioxide is mainly produced by cars, while PM2.5 is mainly emitted by burning diesel and petrol, which is most commonly used for shipping and heating. These two pollutants are among those most commonly linked with causing harm to physical health, such as heart and lung diseases, by getting into the bloodstream and causing inflammation.
"Our findings add to the growing evidence-base indicating that higher levels of air pollution exposure are linked with poor mental health outcomes," lead author Dr Pearl Mok, a research fellow at Manchester University was quoted as saying. "Although air pollution is widespread, it is a modifiable risk factor and we therefore hope our study findings will inform policymakers who are devising strategies to combat this problem," Mok added.
"Our findings add to the growing evidence-base indicating that higher levels of air pollution exposure are linked with poor mental health outcomes," lead author Dr Pearl Mok | Photo by Caroline Hernandez on Unsplash
While the researchers have not explained the mechanism for how these pollutants can cause mental health problems, they say high pollution levels could trigger inflammation in the brain, leading to mental health conditions, the report said. Childhood is a 'sensitive time for brain development', so youngsters may be 'particularly susceptible' to negative effects from toxic particles in the air, they added.
Further, the team found that some 32,984 people (2.3 per cent) harmed themselves in the study period, with cases higher among women, those whose parents had mental illness and individuals from poorer families. Exposure to an average of 19 microgram/m3 or more of particulate matter each day was associated with a 48 per cent higher chance of self-harming later in life, compared to children exposed to an average of 13 microgram/m3 per day or less. And for every 5 microgram/m3 increase in exposure above 19 microgram/m3, the risk of self harm rose by 42 per cent. (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: pollution, kids, exposure, pollution, self-harm, development
By- Tejas Maheta
When attempting to summarise the current performance and future portents for the South Asia economy, it's arguable that most of the region's nations are doing relatively well.
Malaysia offers a relevant case in point, as despite combatting Covid-19 whilst also dealing with a global oil price crash and political instability, the nation is poised to record economic growth of 0.5% by the end of 2020.
Sure, this is noticeably down on the initial 2002 forecast of 4.8% growth, but it needs to be considered against the backdrop of an unprecedented combination of socio-economic and geopolitical challenges.
Follow NewsGram on Facebook to stay updated.
Similar trends have been reported in Vietnam and Hong Kong, the former of which has recorded no coronavirus deaths at all and remains one of the few nations on course to achieve economic growth this year. But which nations are really leading the recovery in this region, and what should we expect going forward?
Surviving Covid - Currencies and Stimulus Packages
Of course, one thing that unites these nations is the proactive rollout of generous stimulus and quantitative easing packages, with Malaysia having provided an RM295 billion injection into the economy.
Of this, an estimated 15% (approximately RM45 billion) is a direct fiscal injection in the government, with the remaining capital introduced in the form of slashing base interest rates and managing inflation.
Hong Kong has also introduced several rounds of quantitative easing measures since February, with April's iteration providing an HKD120 billion relief package and taking the total government stimulus investment to HKD290 (which equates to 9.5% of Hong Kong's gross domestic product).
In the case of both Malaysia and Hong Kong, these measures have also helped to boost the value of domestic currencies. The Hong Kong dollar rose for the fifth consecutive day last week, for example, while the HK Monetary Authority sold a further HK£3.72 billion of local currency and continued to boost their capital inflows as a result.
The Malaysian Ringgit has also performed relatively well against major currencies of late, although it faces additional challenges in the form of the recent global oil price decline.
So, although crude oil prices have recently rebounded slightly, Malaysia's currency value has been impacted by rising capital outflows and forced to trade within an increasingly narrowing range.
Common Ringgit notes Image source: wikimedia commons
A Look Ahead - What Can we Expect?
Asia was the region first affected by Covid-19, and therefore it stands to reason that its nations should have commenced their recovery quicker than those in Europe and the US.
Interestingly, the shoots of recovery may be green in more ways than one, with the Export-Import Bank of Korea leading the return of Asian green bonds in the primary financial market.
Also Read: Zimbabwe Ends Its Interim Currency
Of course, the idea of sustainable finance and investment has been a hot-button topic in Asia for a while now, while we've also seen a significant increase in demand for Green, Social and Sustainability (GSS) bonds in recent times.
This followed the introduction of a 700 million Euro green bond and Korea's pledge to achieve net zero carbon emissions by 2050 (following hot on the footsteps of the UK).
With these points in mind, there's clearly the potential for Asia to build on its relative strength and initial Covid-19 recovery by investing in sustainable assets and building a considerably greener future.
(Disclaimer: This article is sponsored and contains commercial links)
How Can A Person Create His Cryptocurrency, And What Are The Benefits Of Creating His Cryptocurrency?
By- Jean Nichols
Bitcoin is the first cryptocurrency, and many people have been inspired by bitcoin, and they started to create their cryptocurrency. Even many people are creating their cryptocurrency. Daily there is a new cryptocurrency that is created daily. In this further, we will discuss the factors required to make our cryptocurrencies are.
What are the benefits of cryptocurrency?
There are many benefits of investing in cryptocurrency on https://bitcoin-loophole.live/ . Because of this reason; there are many people who have shifted from the share market to cryptocurrency for investment purposes and for earning huge profits.
●The primary advantage of cryptocurrency is that the market of cryptocurrency is very volatile and rises and falls very quickly. So just by getting the knowledge, one can very quickly invest in cryptocurrencies.
●The second main advantage of investing in bitcoin is that it is a universal currency. One can easily invest in cryptocurrencies and use Them in any part of the world.
●This is a universal currency, so it is straightforward to make international transactions through it. International transactions take very little time on this platform.
There are some of the other primary advantages too, like less time-consuming, low transaction charges, etc.
Follow NewsGram on Facebook to stay updated.
A chart depicting crypsocurrency rates and prices Image source: wikimedia commons
Are factors necessary for creating your own cryptocurrency?
While creating your own cryptocurrency, there are some factors that need to be taken care of before starting work on them.
●The major thing which is required in this is that we require a professional coder who has essential experience. He can help us create our own cryptocurrency by doing satisfactory coding.
●Another thing we need is the blockchain. In the case of the blockchain, we can create our own blockchain, which would cost very high and which would be very time consuming; instead of that, we can use the blockchain of some other cryptocurrency. Now there comes the difference, if we are creating our own blockchain, then it will be known as the coin, and if we are using the blockchain of some other crypto, then it will be known as a token.
●Another major thing required for creating our own cryptocurrency is that we need full-time customer care support, which can handle customers easily.
●Another thing is that we require a proper payment gateway so that we can make the money transfers very conveniently.
●The last factor which controls all the above factors is that we need a considerable investment amount and along with that the investors.
What are the advantages of new cryptocurrency?
There are many advantages of creating own cryptocurrencies:
●The owner of the cryptocurrency can hold a large proportion of the bitcoin on his own, and when the prices of the crypto rise, then he can easily sell the crypto in proportions and can live a luxurious life.
●The prices of the new cryptocurrencies rise; there are no chances of falling down of the bitcoin prices as the new crypto price rises continually as anyone invests in it.
Bitcoin is well on its way to replacing or globalising currency Image source: wikimedia commons
As with the time, a new cryptocurrency should give some benefits to the users:
●It should provide fewer transaction charges as much as possible; this is also the main thing that matters in cryptocurrency.
●The payment gateway should be the best, and there should not be the payments on hold in it; the user hates these types of things.
●Customer service should be the best one and deal with the customers in the best way possible. Because polite customer service can impress the customer and he will recommend others to invest in the cryptocurrency.
Here we have discussed the factors which are very necessary for a new cryptocurrency. There are benefits both to the users as well as to the people who are investing in cryptocurrency. The owner of the cryptocurrency will earn money by keeping the central part of the holdings and sales in it in the future.
The users can earn profits by investing in it initially and sell it in early times as there will be the price of the crypto in the skies. So, this was all about creating your own cryptocurrency; the only problem which arises is that there comes the problem of the funds' collection.
(Disclaimer: This article is sponsored and contains some commercial links)