Never miss a story

Get subscribed to our newsletter

wikimedia commons

The Kotagiri hills where the tribes reside

Other than the Todas, the Nilgiri hills are also home to the Kota tribe. This tribe populates the hills in nearly seven separate villages, and are much more private compared to the Toda tribe. They are not known for any particular craft, but certainly share linguistic traits with their tribal contemporaries.

The Kotas are believed to be a society that emerged from the Tamils and the Malayalis. They also share ancestry with the Kannadigas. They speak a dialect of Tamil which places more emphasis on the sound produced from the tongue touching the palate. Their words are structured similar to the Tamil form, but have an added click sound from the way it is pronounced. Their language is officially called Kov-M-ant.

The Kotas worship a trinity which they believe founded their tribe. Of the three deities, each one represents one of the hill tribes. So, they live in harmony with each other based on this supposed lineage.

Archived images of Kota women Image source: wikimedia commons

The Kota people wear white garments draped around their body. The men wear a single piece whereas women wear two drapes. They also wear a unique type of earring. They engage in terracotta crafts, and cultivation of potatoes and grain. Their houses are like apartment settlements. There is a room for each activity, and the village is divided into streets.

Artisans from the tribe who create indigenous craft do so for the tribe's benefit. They are a musical tribe and often have gatherings where they sing and dance. Drums, horns, and other instruments are made from reeds and animal hide. Dancing involves the men preceding the women, and it always ends with the women singing. They do this at every ceremony.

Archived imaged of Kota men, and their instruments made from animal horns Image source: wikimedia commons

The women of Kota are treated well. They are given the choice to marry whomever they want, and are also eligible to divorce. Marriage happens within the village, and according to streets. Since the street distribution is the largest form of distinction they have, their caste is dependent on the street they belong to. At the same time, the members of the same street are considered one family, and cannot intermarry.

Among the many villages in the hills, a group of people are chosen as the governing heads. They made decisions for the people when they cannot resolve issues themselves. This tribe functions at the basic level of all larger communities, and was ascribes the status of scheduled caste in the early nineteenth century. They are one group of people who availed educational benefits from the British. They are slowly moving towards development, and even work in rural and lower urban areas in various capacities.

Keywords: Kota, Nilgiri Hills, Women, Caste, Indigenous


Wikimedia Commons

"Malgudi is where we all belong, and where we wish we lived."

Malgudi, a small fictional town in South India has been part of the childhood of most Indians. It is an old, shabby, and peaceful town that is unruffled by politics. The stories set in this small town ring the sense of belongingness in the hearts of its readers. The familiar feeling that feels like home resonates with their soul. And teaches important life lessons to the readers through simple tales. Malgudi Days is one of the books that every Indian child should read. The book is a compilation of 32 short stories that paint a beautiful picture of small-town in India around the '60s and '70s

R. K. Narayan, one of the most well-known and popular writers within India and outside India is the creator of this town and the occurrences of this town. The stories follow the characters Swami and his friends through their everyday lives. Be it the story of fake astrologers who scam and loot the people by his cleverness, or the story of a blind beggar and his dog where the money blinded the man with greed; each story has a lesson to learn, morals and values hidden in it. As the stories are simple, easy to understand yet heart-touching it makes it easy for the kids to connect with each character and imagine the story as if the reader themselves were the protagonist of the story. In simple words, we can say that R.K. Narayan simply told stories of ordinary people trying to live their simple lives in a changing world.

Keep Reading Show less
Photo by Flickr

It is believed that when a woman goes through her menstrual cycle, she goes through the different lunar energies.

Well, if you'll notice then the moon takes twenty-nine days to complete its lunar cycle, whereas women's menstrual cycle is generally 28 days! Coincidence? I think, not.

It is believed that when a woman goes through her menstrual cycle, she goes through the different lunar energies. In fact, in ancient times it was said that the natural rhythm of women was to menstruate under a new moon and ovulate under a full moon.

Keep Reading Show less
Photo by Wikimedia Commons

Hugs, caress scenes, extramarital affairs, vulgar and bold dressing, bed scenes and intimacy of married couples are being glamourised in utter disregard to Islamic teachings and culture of Pakistani society," PEMRA stated

The Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority (PEMRA) has directed Pak TV channels to stop airing what it calls indecency and intimacy in dramas, Samaa TV reported.

A notification issued by the authority states that it has been receiving numerous complaints from viewers who believe that the content being depicted in dramas does not represent the "true picture of Pakistani society".

"PEMRA finally got something right: Intimacy and affection between married couples isn't 'true depiction of Pakistani society and must not be 'glamourized'. Our 'culture' is control, abuse, and violence, which we must jealously guard against the imposition of such alien values," said Reema Omer, Legal Advisor, South Asia, International Commission of Jurists.

"Hugs, caress scenes, extramarital affairs, vulgar and bold dressing, bed scenes and intimacy of married couples are being glamourized in utter disregard to Islamic teachings and culture of Pakistani society," PEMRA stated, as per the report.

The authority added that it has directed channels time and again to review content with "indecent dressing, controversial and objectionable plots, bed scenes and unnecessary detailing of events".

Most complaints received by the PEMRA Call Centre during September concern drama serial "Juda Huay Kuch is Tarah", which created quite a storm on social media for showing an unwitting married couple as foster siblings in a teaser for an upcoming episode. However, it only turned out to be a family scheme after the full episode aired, but by that time criticism had mounted on HUM TV for using the themes of incest to drive the plot, the report said. (IANS/JB)

Keywords: Pakistan, Islam, Serials, Dramas, Culture, Teachings.