Tuesday November 19, 2019
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Ladies, Here’s How to Get Ready for Monsoon

Drinking water throughout the day will keep your body feeling healthy and your skin looking fresh

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Ladies, Monsoon, Season
No matter which season, you ought to drink loads of water. Pixabay

 The monsoon season brings relief from the scorching sun, but it also brings along allergies, infections, frizzy hair, germs and more. Take care of your body from head to toe, suggest experts.

Dermatologist Nivedita Dadu, Founder, Chairman from Dr. Nivedita Dadu’s Dermatology Clinic, said: “No matter which season, you ought to drink loads of water. Drinking water throughout the day will keep your body feeling healthy and your skin looking fresh. Also try consuming fruits and vegetables with high-water content. Staying hydrated will also help to prevent any headaches or infections which you might normally have during monsoon.”

Cleansing is a must for skin: In order to keep your face dirt-free, wipe off the excess oil or dirt before going to bed with a good cleanser. You can also apply good quality cleansing milk.

Sunscreen: If you think that you don’t need sunscreen in monsoon, you are wrong. Even on rainy days, you need to be protected from harmful UV rays.

Ladies, Monsoon, Season
The monsoon season brings relief from the scorching sun, but it also brings along allergies, infections, frizzy hair, germs. Pixabay

Your hair tends to become frizzy in monsoon. It’s important to wash your hair at least thrice a week and to use a conditioner as it moisturises your locks and minimizes frizz. Using a hair mask once or twice a week can also help to keep your hair smooth and healthy.

Oil massage is a great option any time. To reinvigorate and moisturise your dry scalp, oil massage is a must. But also, do not use the oil much otherwise you will end up doing over shampooing which will damage your hair.

The gloomy and humid weather conditions in monsoon can be a tad uncomfortable for expectant mothers. Be extra cautious with your diet and lifestyle as risk of infections can be high in this weather, says Anubha Singh, Gynaecologist and IVF Expert from Shantah IVF Centre.

* Wear very comfortable and light clothes which can easily suck your sweat. Do wear comfortable flat slippers or shoes whichever you prefer.

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* Avoid eating pre-cut fruits or veggies as it can attract bacteria. Don’t eat street food. There are high chances of contamination.

* Humidity during monsoon can be a reason for dehydration. One should consume lots of fluids. You may opt for coconut water, lemonade, fresh fruit juices, vegetable juices, soups and sorbets. Also do not drink packaged juices, sodas, carbonated beverages or street-side juices.

* Remember to drink water before you become thirsty

Ladies, Monsoon, Season
Take care of your body from head to toe. Pixabay

* Pregnant women should consume water-based foods as it helps to hydrate and repair damaged skin.

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* Listen to your body. If you are feeling exhausted, take a nap and sleep early. Sleep is important for anyone’s mental health and it also supports a healthy pregnancy. (IANS)

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IIT-Mandi Predicts Indian Monsoon Rainfall Density for 2100

IIT-Mandi predict a weakening of monsoon by 2100

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monsoon in india
100 years of data of the Indian monsoon rainfall reveals that downfall of monsoon is near. Pixabay

Researchers from the Indian Institute of Technology-Mandi (IIT-Mandi) have developed an algorithm to process 100 years of data of the Indian monsoon rainfall and have predicted a weakening strength of the phenomenon by 2100.

The algorithm will also factor in information about global climate phenomena such as the El Nino Southern Oscillation, and can access periodicity of switching between strong and weak monsoon years.

The research was undertaken by Sarita Azad, Assistant Professor, School of Basic Sciences, along with her research scholars Pravat Jena, Sourabh Garg and Nikhil Ragha.

They studied the changes in the periodicity of monsoon rainfall and used the data to predict periodicity in future.

Their work has recently been published in the reputed American Geophysical Union peer-review international journal Earth and Space Science.

The Indian summer monsoon, the annual cycle of winds coupled with a strong cycle of rains, is undoubtedly India’s lifeline.

While the monsoon itself is a stable phenomenon, arriving almost like clockwork every year, the short-term fluctuations in annual rainfall are unpredictable and pose a great challenge.

Azad and her team developed algorithms that can accurately detect intense rainfall events, taking into consideration the triennial oscillation period and other factors such as the El Nino Southern Oscillation.

For this purpose, Jena has developed an algorithm to analyse the changes in periodicity of the monsoon. It predicts a decreasing intensity of rainfall in most parts of the country.

The team examined the spatial distribution of the triennial oscillations using rainfall data of 1,260 months between 1901 and 2005.

They analysed the power spectrum of the observed data and showed that the 2.85-year periodicity was present at 95 per cent confidence level over more than half of the 354 grids across India.

Indian monsoon downfall
Research reveals that changes in the periodicity of monsoon rainfall can result in the downfall of Indian monsoon by 2100. Pixabay

“We found that Indian summer monsoon rainfall has a periodicity of 2.85 years during which the monsoon tends to switch between strong and weak years. This 2.85 year period is called triennial oscillation,” Azad said.

In addition to the triennial oscillation, the quantum of rains that occurs during the monsoon is also connected to global climate phenomena such as the El Nino Southern Oscillation that recurs in a three to five-year period.

Understanding the relationship between triennial oscillation, its spatial distribution, and how it is likely to change in future is important for reliable monsoon prediction.

monsoon
Even after complex interactions both in temporal and spatial scales, monsoon showed a stable pattern till now. Pexel

Explaining the phenomenon, Jena said: “The monsoon involves complex interactions both in temporal and spatial scales. Despite complexity, the monsoon rainfall seems to show a well-defined pattern.”

The research team has projected the data into a collaborative framework-based simulation called the Coupled Model Inter Comparison Project to ascertain the future pattern of the 2.85-year period oscillation.

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The projections showed a weakening of this oscillation by the year 2100.

Azad added: “The triennial oscillation of the monsoon depends on global phenomena such as El Nino Southern Oscillation and the current triennial periodicity of 2.85 years may not hold good in future years, depending on the occurrence and periodicity of El Nino.”

Studies have shown that the periodicity of the El Nino Southern Oscillation itself is reducing, most likely linked to global warming, and this would have a direct impact on the strong-weak periodicity of the monsoon.

“A weakened triennial monsoon cycle will have a severe impact on agriculture and water resource management, particularly over the southwest coastal, northern, northeast, and central parts of India,” said Jena on the significance of their findings. (IANS)