The government, may soon, consider bringing a legislation to restrict the usage of river water and ground water for drinking purpose only, according to Union Minister Uma Bharati.
While river water and ground water could be used for drinking, the treated and rainwater could be used for other purposes.
The water resources minister who is also responsible for river development and Ganga rejuvenation, made the disclosure while inspecting 12 major drains falling into the Ganga river near Haridwar and Rishikesh in Uttarakhand.
“I will visit drains falling into Ganga, Yamuna and their tributaries four days in a week to expedite the Ganga conservation plan,” Bharti told media persons here.
The minister also highlighted that the State governments would be consulted before bringing the legislation.
“It is my endeavour to complete most of the major tasks related to Ganga conservation in the next four years”, said Bharti.
Researchers at the University of Waterloo in Canada have developed a “computer kidney” that can help shed light on impacts of medicines taken by those who don’t drink enough water.
The ability of the kidney to maintain water balance is vital to our health. It controls water balance, and when we are dehydrated, it produces highly concentrated urine to get rid of waste using as little water as possible.
The older population, those with kidney diseases, and those on blood pressure medication sometimes have a problem with water balance.
The researchers found that the elderly people with impaired kidney function and those taking a combination of certain drugs need to be extra mindful of their water intake.
“People who have high blood pressure are typically given a water pill, so they pee a lot to lower their blood volume and in so doing lower their blood pressure,” said Anita Layton, professor of Applied Mathematics, Pharmacy and Biology at Waterloo.
These patients are frequently also given another drug that targets a hormonal system which will affect the kidney as well.
“A lot of people are on these two drugs, and they will be fine. But one day they might have a headache and take an aspirin, and the three of these drugs together can hurt your kidneys,” Layton added in a paper published in the the American Journal of Physiology – Renal Physiology.
Layton built the first computational model that simulates the muscle contractions that move urine from the kidney to the bladder.
It found that unless a patient is properly hydrated, taking the two blood pressure drugs and an aspirin concurrently could cause acute kidney injury.