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Facts which will amaze you. Wikimedia Commons

Human beings are the most complex species of all and the place we live is much more complicated than we can ever think of. In day to day life, we come across many such phenomena and events that are way beyond our imagination.

With the unprecedented leap in science and technology, we are able to decode the very mysterious subjects which were well beyond our imagination.

Take a look at such a list of such facts and details that will definitely leave you to spellbound.

1. Almost every one of us has played Mario in our childhood and it was one of the buzzes of the nineties. But not everyone knows that the bushes and clouds in Mario game are the same, just they are coloured differently.

Mario is more surprising than you might think. Wikimedia Commons

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2. The human body is really a great gift to us but with that, we do contain very unusual things it. Like, an adult human contains two to nine pounds of bacteria in it.

The number of bacteria in your body will surprise you. Wikimedia Commons

3. Whales are the biggest mammal present on this earth, so does their organs. A Blue whales heart is almost the same size of a Volkswagen Beetle and one can swim through some of its arteries.

An image of a whale’s heart. Wikimedia Commons

4. Half of all humans who have ever lived died from malaria. There are various reasons for our death but malaria remains at the top of it. Almost half of all the humans have ever have died of malaria.

More people die of malaria than anything else in the world. Wikimedia Commons

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5. Charlie Chaplin is one of the best ever comedian in the history of mankind. Interestingly, once Charlie Chaplin stood third in a contest for “Charlie Chaplin look-alike”.

It might sound strange but Charlie Chaplin did lose a ‘Charlie Chaplin look-alike contest. Wikimedia Commons

6. Ageing is a part of our body and with every passing day, we are not the same that we were yesterday. Yet, we replace every particle in our body every seven years. Thus virtually, we are not the same person
you were 7 years ago.

The human body is not as simple as you may think. Wikimedia Commons

7. Turtles can breathe out of their butts. Turtles are reptiles that last for many years and have said to be on the earth for more than 200 million years. One of their reasons for such a long survival can be that they can breathe out of their butts. Can be?

Is breathing through their butts the reason for turtle’s long life? Wikimedia Commons

8. Is there anyone, who wants to die or age early? We don’t think so. But there is a species of jellyfish known as Turritopsis Nutricula that is said to be immortal. Now, this is something we can learn from Jellyfish.

Jellyfishes are virtually immortal. Wikimedia Commons

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9. The average sperm count of healthy human can range from 40 million to 300 million. It is the normal range for the number of sperm per millilitre. But did you know that each sperm has 37.5MB of DNA information in it? That means a normal ejaculation by a human represents a data transfer of 1587GB in about 3 seconds. Now, does it sounds like a supercomputer?

Each sperm has 37.5MB of DNA information in it. Wikimedia Commons

10. We all know that every human has different fingerprints and retinal structure. Therefore, these features are used for security purposes also. But do you know that a human tongue print is also absolutely unique? Now you know it, so you can boast about it.

Tongue prints can be used to identify a person too. Wikimedia Commons

11. Human blood remains to be a very complex fluid and makes up around 7% of the weight of a human body. Over the period of just twenty-four hours, our blood can run the distance of 19,312 kilometres. The said distance is more than between India and America. Remember, just twenty-four odd hours.

Blood makes up 7% of our body weight. Wikimedia Commons

12. Human blood contains red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. With that, we have four types of blood groups. That’s what almost many of us think. But in fact, we have twenty-nine types of blood groups that are been discovered by the scientists till now. The rarest of them belong to the Bombay subtype. But this blood group is common for a small group of families in Japan.

There are 29 types of blood groups in reality. Wikimedia Commons

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13. We all know that light is the fastest electromagnetic wave and can travel at 299 792 458 m/s. But, do you know what speed a normal human being sneezes. The answer is 160 km/h. So, from next time, try to sneeze away from the person sitting next to you. You might blow him up.

This 2009 photograph is dramatically illustrating the reason one needs to cover his/her mouth when coughing, or sneezing, in order to protect others from germ exposure. Wikimedia Commons

14. Bhutan is a landlocked country on the Himalayas’ eastern edge and is known for splendid Buddhist monasteries. But as of now, no one knows how many people live in that country because, after 1975, no census has ever been taken by the government.

There has been no census in Bhutan since 1975.

15. Space is indeed a very magnificent place to explore. Many countries have come up to dig more into the outer space and are trying to know more about our universe. The only way a person can go out of the atmosphere is by getting trained as an Astronaut. But they also do have some limitations and one of them remains to be very quirky.

Astronauts are not allowed to eat beans before setting out for space. Wikimedia Commons

An Astronaut is not allowed to eat beans before they go into space because passing wind by any chance can damage their spacesuits. And we all know that a spacesuit costs millions of rupee. So, now you know that beans can cause gas and it’s really not good to have any gastric problem is any public gathering.



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If humanity is hurt, God is hurt.

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Photo by Flickr

Milky Way galaxy as seen from Chitkul Valley

NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory has for the first time spotted signs of a planet transiting a star outside of the Milky Way galaxy, opening up a new avenue to search for exoplanets at greater distances than ever before.

The possible exoplanet -- or planets outside of our Solar System -- candidate is located in the spiral galaxy Messier 51 (M51), also called the Whirlpool Galaxy because of its distinctive profile, NASA said in a statement.

Astronomers have, so far, found all other known exoplanets and exoplanet candidates in the Milky Way galaxy, almost all of them less than about 3,000 light-years from Earth.

An exoplanet in M51 would be about 28 million light-years away, meaning it would be thousands of times farther away than those in the Milky Way, NASA said.

"We are trying to open up a whole new arena for finding other worlds by searching for planet candidates at X-ray wavelengths, a strategy that makes it possible to discover them in other galaxies," said Rosanne Di Stefano of the Center for Astrophysics at Harvard and Smithsonian (CfA) in Cambridge, Massachusetts, who led the study.

The findings are published in the journal Nature Astronomy.

The exoplanet candidate was spotted in a binary system called M51-ULS-1, located in M51. This binary system contains a black hole or neutron star orbiting a companion star with a mass about 20 times that of the Sun. The X-ray transit they found using Chandra data lasted about three hours, during which the X-ray emission decreased to zero.

Based on this and other information, the team estimates the exoplanet candidate in M51-ULS-1 would be roughly the size of Saturn and orbit the neutron star or black hole at about twice the distance of Saturn from the Sun.

The team looked for X-ray transits in three galaxies beyond the Milky Way galaxy, using both Chandra and the European Space Agency's XMM-Newton. Their search covered 55 systems in M51, 64 systems in Messier 101 (the "Pinwheel" galaxy), and 119 systems in Messier 104 (the "Sombrero" galaxy).

However, more data would be needed to verify the interpretation as an extragalactic exoplanet. One challenge is that the planet candidate's large orbit means it would not cross in front of its binary partner again for about 70 years, thwarting any attempts for a confirming observation for decades, NASA said.

Named in honor of the late Indian-American Nobel laureate, Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, the Chandra X-ray Observatory is the world's most powerful X-ray telescope. It has eight times greater resolution and is able to detect sources more than 20-times fainter than any previous X-ray telescope.

Known to the world as Chandra (which means "moon" or "luminous" in Sanskrit), Chandrasekhar was widely regarded as one of the foremost astrophysicists of the twentieth century. (IANS/JB)

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