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Here’s the list of all the important awards you need to know at one place

Here we have compiled a list of all important awards, saving you a part of your time that you would have wasted sweeping through webpages to know about one of these

List of all the important awards
List of Awards. Pixabay

New Delhi, August 14, 2017: Be it for Competitive Exams, or simply General Knowledge, it’s always good to let your brain know things that matter. Awards, indeed are recognition given to people for their achievements, accomplishments, or contributions in a particular field, therefore it becomes important to know which award holds what purpose, when was it instituted, and when is it given. Here we have compiled a list of all important awards, saving you a part of your time that you would have otherwise wasted sweeping through webpages, searching for the awards one by one.

A must read articleEight Kannada authors who have won ‘Jnanpith Award’


1. Nobel Prize: The most coveted international award was named after Alfred Bernard Nobel, the inventor of dynamite. The award is given every year on December 10th, which marks the death anniversary of Alfred Bernard Nobel. The Nobel Prize is given to those renowned persons who have made pioneering achievements in the fields of Physics, Chemistry, Medicine, Peace, Literature, and Economics. Awards for all categories have been given since 1901, except Economics which was instituted in 1967 and first given in 1969.

2. Magsaysay Awards: Named after the former president of Philippines, Ramon Magasaysay, this award was Instituted in 1957. The award is presented every year on August 31, for excellent contributions in journalism, literature, arts, international understanding, community leadership and public service. It is also regarded as the Nobel prize of Asia.

3. Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding: The Government of India Instituted this award in in 1965 to honor the work of persons for outstanding contributions to goodwill and international understanding among people around the world.

4. Oscar Awards: The most prestigious award in the world of cinema was instituted in 1929. The Academy of Motion Pictures in USA confers the award annually. Bhanu Athaiya was the first Indian to get an Oscar for his movie ‘Gandhi’, while Satyajit Ray, the first Indian to be awarded with an Oscar for lifetime achievements in Cinema in 1992.


5. UNESCO Peace Prize: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) presents this award for remarkable contributions for international peace.

6. Pulitzer Prize: Instituted in 1997, this award is conferred annually in the USA, for extraordinary accomplishments in journalism, music and literature. The award is named after the US publisher, Joseph Pulitzer.

7. Right Livelihood Award: Instituted in 1980 by the Right Livelihood Society, London, also known as alternate Nobel Award, is given to persons for contributing in the areas of environment and social justice.

8. Mahatma Gandhi Peace Prize: Instituted in 1995 by Government of India, following the lines of Nobel prize, It is presented for contributions in maintaining or promoting international peace.

9. UNESCO Human Rights Award: Another award presented by UNESCO every alternate year, for work in the field of Human Rights and its awareness.


10. Man Booker Prize: Man Booker makes for the highest literary honor to authors of British, Irish and Commonwealth countries. It was instituted in 1968 by the Booker Company and the British Publishers Association following the lines of Pulitzer Prize of US.

11. UN Human Rights Award: This award is presented every sixth year by UN for personal contribution for the cause of human rights.

12. World Food Prize: The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) presents the award for contributions in the field of agriculture and food development.

Also read: Southern Film Industry bags 18 National Film Awards. 

13. Indira Gandhi Award For International Peace, Disarmament and Development: This award is presented by Indira Gandhi Memorial Fund in India for specialized contribution in the field of international disarmament and development.

14. Bharat Ratna: Bharat Ratna or the highest civilian award of India is presented by the Government of India for rarest achievements in the field of art, literature and science, and extraordinary public service. It was instituted in 1954, with C. Rajagopalchari as its first recipient.

15. Padma Vibhushan: The second highest civilian award, coming right after Padma Vibhushan is presented for distinguished services in any field including Government service. The other important civilian awards include, Padma Bhushan and Padma Shree.


16. Bhartiya Jnanpeeth Awards: Instituted in 1965, these awards are given to scholars for their distinguished works in any of the recognized languages.

17. Sahitya Akademy Awards: Instituted in 1955, these awards are presented to writers for any exclusive writing in any of the 22 languages including English literature.

18. Saraswati Samman: Instituted in 1991 by the K.K. Birla Foundation, the honor is given for any distinguished literary work made during last 10 years in any of the Indian language.

19. Vyas Samman: Instituted in 1992 by the K.K. Birla Foundation, the honor is given to people for outstanding contribution to Hindi literature.

20.  Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Awards: They are presented to the Indian scientists for their exceptionally brilliant performance.


21. R.D. Birla Award: This award is given in the field of medical sciences.

22. Dhanvantri Award: These awards are given for exceptional performance in medical sciences.

23. Arjuna Awards: The prestigious Arjuna awards, instituted in 1961, are presented by the Youth affairs and Sports Ministry, Government of India, for achievements of players in National Sports.

24. Dronacharya Awards: Instituted in 1985, the award is given by the Sports Ministry, government of India, for excellent coaching in sports and games. It is named after Drona, also known as guru Dronacharya, a character from the Sanskrit epic Mahabharata.

Also read: Nari Shakti Awards on the Occasion of International Women’s Day

25. Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna: It is the highest sporting honor of India, awarded for excellent performance in sports and games. The award is named after Rajiv Gandhi, former prime minister of India. It was instituted in 1992.

26. Gallantry Awards
* Param Vir Chakra: It is the highest award for bravery in India, awarded for displaying valor during wartime.
* Mahavir Chakra: It is the second highest gallantry award after Param Vir Chakra, awarded for acts of gallantry in the presence of the enemy.
* Vir Chakra: It is the third highest gallantry award, presented for exhibiting bravery in the battlefield.
* Ashok Chakra: It is the highest peace-time gallantry award, presented for courageous action away from the battlefield.

-prepared by Samiksha Goel of NewsGram. Twitter @goel_Samiksha

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Copyright 2017 NewsGram

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Trump views 50 years out of date, may trigger disruptive trade war: Paul Krugman

According to him, immediate issue is going to be confrontation not with China, but with Europe as the "steel tariffs" will hit Europe

human rights
Trump is not taking his responsibilities seriously: Paul Krugman. Wikimedia Commons
  • Paul Krugman criticises U.S. President Donald Trump
  • Paul Krugman is a Nobel Prize winner
  • Paul says Trump’ actions can cause a war

Criticising the US President Donald Trump for his protectionists policies, Nobel Laureate Paul Krugman on Saturday accused President Trump of not taking his jobs seriously. Following the protectisists measures taken by the US President, there could be “risks of disruptive trade war”, he said.

President Donald Trump has pledged to avoid any new foreign business deals during his term in office.
President Donald Trump is heavily criticised. Wikimedia Commons

“He does not take the job seriously. He doesn’t say to himself that I am the most important official in the world; I have better do my homework for understanding the issue. ..He just goes that these are my gut feeling and hires people who make him feel good…that is a frightening prospect,” Krugman said responding to a query on his perception on Trump. On the economic issues President Trump’s gut feelings are “protectionist” and his views of America were “50 years out of date”.

“He wants America a heavy industrial country in the way it was when he was a young man. That is not just going to happen but he attempts to make it happen, which is extremely disruptive to America and to the global as a whole,” Nobel Laureate said. Krugman said he was until recently optimistic that Trump’s protectionist policies would not see the light of the day.

“Until about two weeks ago, I was quite optimistic that it would not happen. The reason was not because the President would get good economic advice but because the US businesses are invested in a globalised economy. All the investments the businesses have made is based upon the assumptions that the open trading system would continue. There is an enormous amount of fiscal capital and a large number of jobs are dependent on these value chains,” he said at the News18 Rising India Summit here.

Also Read: Trump Not Backing Down on Steel, Aluminum Tariffs

Krugman further said: “I had assumed the influence of these business communities would be sufficient… that it would not happen. I am less optimistic now…we have seen reasonably sensible Economic Council Head was fired, completely irrational tariff (was) imposed on steel and aluminium.”

The President also called for more mental institutions and hospitals in addition to the idea of arming teachers.
Krugman says these actions of President can cause a trade war. Wikimedia Commons

According to him, immediate issue is going to be confrontation not with China, but with Europe as the “steel tariffs” will hit Europe. He said there are possible risks of “disruptive global trade war”.

Speaking on Chinese economy he said, “China is a financial crisis waiting to happen. China is a widely unbalanced economy…the country is sustaining itself with a credit bubble that is waiting to burst…There is a significant risk of Chinese bubble burst.”