Monday August 20, 2018
Home India Literary Revi...

Literary Review:Ports of the Ancient Indian Ocean

The book dives into past and present finds regarding the importance of the ports between the Indian Ocean and the Mediterranean Societies

1
//
323
Madras Port in 1996. Image Source: Wikipedia.org
Republish
Reprint

 

  • The Red Sea was used as a trade route from 3rd century B.C. to 6th century C.E.
  • The trades that happened were not strictly goods, but knowledge and ideas as well
  • Researchers are constantly finding new information on life during this period

‘Ports of the Ancient Indian Ocean’ edited by ed Marie-Francoise Boousasac, Jean Francois Salles and Jean-Baptiste Yon, dives into the important role that ports played. Their importance is established by the fact that their function went beyond sending and receiving goods. Information was spread through the ports between the Indian Ocean and the Mediterranean Societies. The sources of reference range from the Greek Periplus to the 16th century Portuguese and the French in the colonial period.

The Red Sea was a trade route from 3rd century B.C to roughly 6th Century C.E. The ports studied here offer much information about life during this time period.

The first chapter introduces readers to recent discoveries that were found during excavations of the Red Sea ports. These discoveries further credited the previously known facts.

Rightfully so, this first chapter does an excellent job of setting the tone for the new information that has been discovered.

Follow NewsGram on Facebook: @NewsGram2

The second chapter goes deep into findings regarding storage facilities which were shipment requirements. It also discusses ship-related equipment, such as old oar blades. Recent geographical finds have proved that there was a navigable lagoon at Gawasis in ancient times.

Ports of the Ancient Indian Ocean. Wikimedia Commons.
Ports of the Ancient Indian Ocean. Image Source: Wikimedia Commons.

According to an article in The Hindu,‘Living in the Egyptian Ports’ is a chapter that discusses ports that were important to the early Roman period. It also describes what life at the ports was like. Limitations in these harbors were found during an excavation done by The University of Southhampton in 1999-2003; this chapter confirms these finds.

The part of the book dealing with the inscriptions of the Hoc cave in Socotra are said to be of high interest to Indian readers. In 2001, discoveries were made, which claimed that over 100 Indian inscriptions were made with charcoal, chalk, or mud were scratched into the surfaces of the rocks. These inscriptions were written in Brahmi and appears to be similar to inscriptions of the 2nd to 4th Century C.E. of West India. Newly discovered inscriptions validate these later findings. The new findings mention the city of Bharukaccha, which was one of the most significant ports at the point in time.

Follow NewsGram on Twitter: @newsgram1

The chapter on Emmanuelle Vagnon’s Latin Cartographic sources of 1200-1500 C.E., is also quite intriguing. Looking at the changes that cartography has undergone since the 1990s, the author points the readers to consider something else. She comments on medieval nautical charts and references of Fra Mauro’s mappaemundi and Ptolemy’s Geography.

Gaur and Sundaresh add to already known information regarding the ancient technology of jetties and and anchorage system on the Saurashtra Coast. Since Satyabhama Badreenath, has been a superintendent archaeologist on site in Chennai, he discusses the revelations that were found after the tsunami in 2004.

This book is abundant in knowledge and is said to be a gem to university libraries and research centres.

Abigail Andrea is an intern at NewsGram. Twitter @abby_kono

ALSO READ:

Click here for reuse options!
Copyright 2016 NewsGram

  • Aparna Gupta

    This is really an evidence of our rich history between ports of ancient India and Mediterranean societies.

Next Story

8 Steps Help You to Secure Your Work Creativity

If you are concerned about having somebody steal your idea or work, follow these steps to protect it and ensure your peace of mind.

0
Work
Creativity begins with a foundation of knowledge, learning a discipline, and mastering a way of thinking. Pixabay

When you decide to venture or license your idea, it’s important that you secure it. The value of your business lies in what makes it different. Naturally, you may fear that somebody might steal your ingenuity. Fortunately, there are several ways you can secure your work creativity. But, this might seem challenging especially when you have to engage in online services like Assignment Geek. Nevertheless, you can still do that when you know the steps to follow. After all, it’s almost impossible to turn a vision into a reality without seeking help from others. So, how do you secure your work creativity? Here are the steps to follow:

  1. Protect Your Ideas

This may seem obvious, but it is not easy when you are excited about your new ideas. You will feel the urge to share your ideas with family and friends. You can even be tempted to discuss your ideas in bars, elevators, and conferences. Unfortunately, this is not wise because other people can steal your ideas. Therefore, resist the temptation to share your ideas with other people. Keep them to yourself because other people can learn about your ideas and start working on them.

Even when disclosing your ideas to associates and workers, use a non-disclosure agreement. Perhaps, you already know that most investors balk at signing a non-disclosure agreement before they talk about their ideas. But, because the power balance favors them, you may have to give up this when dealing with investors. This is also the case for potential clients. Rather than ask for a signature, print a confidentiality statement in your business plan.

2. Document Your Work

You should have an extensive paper trail to prove that you own the ideas and your work creativity. This will serve as a proof that you own the concept in case you move to court. Anytime you disclose your business, have a log of your discussion. This includes when you attend meetings where you share your ideas with investors. The log can be very important in case the conversations leak. An extensive paper trail will also come in handy in the event that you are involved in a litigation case.

3. Conduct an Extensive Research

Whether you reveal your ideas to possible clients, contractors, or potential investors, take the time to conduct some research. Know about the company or people that you will be revealing your ideas to before the appointment. Information is readily available, and you can easily determine the reputation of a person or company before you decide to do business with them. Take time to find out whether the person that you are about to meet had disputes in the past. Disclose ideas to people that have established positive a reputation in their field.

What’s more, reach out to the contacts in your network for referrals instead of approaching individuals or companies. If there is a company or individual that you are curious about, identify other persons or company they have worked with in the past. These will tell you whether you should work with them or not. Getting referrals may be easy. Therefore, make sure that you ask for several referrals.

Work
Creativity requires an absorbed mind, a relaxed state of focus and attention. Pixabay

4. Familiarize with Trademark and Patent Tools

A patent is expensive, and a startup may not afford it. However, you can use a provisional patent at first and get the final patent after a year. A trademark is also important because it provides additional protection to your idea. It is particularly very important in the event of a legal issue. You need to provide written proof to register the trademark to show that your for idea was effective at a certain time. The dates on the documents that you provide show the exact date when you started working on the idea in case somebody else attempts to dispute the fact.

Trademark, patent, and copyright are also very powerful and strategic when used as part of a targeted and specific business strategy. If this is the first time you are handling work that you want to secure, seek the help of an attorney.

5. Come up with a Solid Contract

A contract is as important as the parties that are involved in it. When signing the contract for your work, seek legal advice. Look for an attorney with extensive experience in this field to get comprehensive guidance. Preferably, work with an attorney with litigation experience. Don’t make the mistake of cutting corners when signing contracts that keep your work secure.

6. Go to the Market First

Establishing a product, business, or idea as original is a sure way to protect it. Owning a space in the minds of consumers or a shelf space is a great way to protect your business or product. It will show that you owned the idea, product, or business in the first place in case of litigation.

Work
Be curious and follow your nose. Get interested in something and it will later provide you with a goldmine of ideas. Pixabay

7. Talk to Industry Experts

If unsure about the best way to approach the market, talk to industry experts. Seek the opinions of reliable people in your industry. You can even use trade magazines or talk to people in the sales departments. These will provide more useful information than you might think. The information you get will enable you to make a more informed decision regarding the best way to approach the market without putting your work creativity at risk.

8. Pay attention to Your Instinct

In most cases, it’s wise to rely on your guts or first impression. What kind of a treat have you received before you establish an official relationship? How responsive is the person that you have met or intend to work with? Any official relationship that starts off badly will most likely not improve. Essentially, pay attention to what your instincts tell you about any relationship that you establish as long as it touches on your work.

If you are concerned about having somebody steal your idea or work, follow these steps to protect it and ensure your peace of mind. Nevertheless, your work will be safe as long as you deal with reputable professionals. Even when you engage reputable experts to write a custom essay online in relation to your work or idea, you don’t have to worry. That’s because the experts are professionals that are guided by a code of ethics.