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University of Pennsylvania researchers say that for the first time they have linked social media use to increases in depression and loneliness.
The idea that social media is anything but social when it comes to mental health has been talked about for years, but not many studies have managed to actually link the two.
To do that, Penn researchers, led by psychologist Melissa Hunt, designed a study that focused on Facebook, Snapchat and Instagram.
The results were published in the November issue of the Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology.
How study worked
The study was conducted with 143 participants, who before they began, completed a mood survey and sent along photos of their battery screens, showing how often they were using their phones to access social media.
“We set out to do a much more comprehensive, rigorous study that was also more ecologically valid,” Hunt said. That term, ecologically valid, means that the research attempts to mimic real life.
The study divided the participants into two groups: The first group was allowed to maintain their normal social media habits. The other, the control group, was restricted to 10 minutes per day on each of the three platforms: Facebook, Snapchat and Instagram.
The restrictions were put in place for three weeks and then the participants returned and were tested for outcomes such as fear of missing out (FOMO), anxiety, depression and loneliness.
Results of study
The results showed a very clear link between social media use and increased levels of depression and loneliness.
“Using less social media than you normally would leads to significant decreases in both depression and loneliness,” Hunt said. “These effects are particularly pronounced for folks who were more depressed when they came into the study.”
She calls her findings the “grand irony” of social media.
What is it about social media that’s just so depressing?
Hunt says that it’s two major things. The first is that social media invites what Hunt calls “downward social comparison.” When you’re online, it can sometimes seem that “everyone else is cooler and having more fun and included in more things and you’re left out,” she said. And that’s just generally demoralizing.
The second factor is a bit more nuanced.
“Time is a zero-sum game,” Hunt told VOA. “Every minute you spend online is a minute you are not doing your work or not meeting a friend for dinner or having a deep conversation with your roommate.”
And these real life activities are the ones that can bolster self-esteem and self worth, Hunt said.
What to learn
So what’s the takeaway?
People are on their devices, and that’s not going to change, she said. But as in life, a bit of moderation goes a long way.
“In general, I would say, put your phone down and be with the people in your life,” she added.
Hunt pointed out a few caveats to the study. First, it was done exclusively with 18- to 22-year-olds, and it is unclear if the depressing effects of social media will cross generational lines to older or younger people, Hunt said. But she expects her results should generalize at least for people through the age of 30.
Hunt says she is now beginning a study to gauge the emotional impact of dating apps. (VOA)
Hollywood actor Dave Bautista is set to star in 'Knock at the Cabin', the upcoming movie from Pondicherry-born Indian American Oscar-nominated filmmaker M. Night Shyamalan.
The 'Dune' actor is reportedly in negotiations to appear in Shyamalan's upcoming movie, which the secretive filmmaker will both write and direct, as well as produce with Ashwin Rajan under his Blinding Edge Pictures banner alongside Marc Bienstock and Steven Schneider, according to Deadline, reports femalefirst.co.uk.
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Details of the movie -- which is scheduled for release in February 2023 -- are being kept under wraps.
Bautista is currently going through a busy period, having starred in 'Dune' and Netflix's 'Army of the Dead' and recently finished production on 'Knives Out 2'.
He is currently working on the third 'Guardians of the Galaxy' movie, and as well as 'Knock at the Cabin', he's also expected to shoot 'Dune 2' and is attached to star in and produce an action movie with Jason Momoa.
The 52-year-old star recently admitted he "almost broke down" when he was cast in 'Dune' because he was so keen to work with director Denis Villeneuve but didn't want to "capitalise" on his friendship with the filmmaker to land his role of Glossu Rabban.
Asked what attracted him to the project, he said: "For me, it was Denis. I really pursued this, because I was tracking 'Dune'. I kept asking my agent, "When auditions would become available? When are they going to release these roles?"
Shyamalan recently explained he has needed to put more "thought"Unsplash
Also read: Six Things You Don’t Know About Dave Bautista
"But I never hit up Denis personally, because I didn't want to be that guy. I didn't want to try to capitalise on our friendship, so I just waited and waited and waited - and finally, I got a phone call from him, and he offered me the role. I almost broke down; I was so emotional about it.
"Still, it's like, 'Wow, this is crazy that I'm even here'."
Meanwhile, Shyamalan recently explained he has needed to put more "thought" into keeping his stories secret as his career has progressed.
Keywords: Dune, Dane Bautista, M. Night Shyamalan
BitMart just experienced one of the biggest hacks in cryptocurrency history, with losses estimated at a whopping $196 million. Withdrawals have been frozen until further notice as the company undergoes security checks, but CEO Sheldon Xia has promised to compensate affected users out of pocket. By stealing a private key opening two hot wallets, hackers achieved one of the biggest centralized exchange hacks to date by swapping stolen tokens for ether and then depositing the funds to Tornado Cash.
The hack has again raised concerns regarding crypto theft. Investors fall victim to attacks as simple as clicking on a link, giving hackers unfettered access to their wallets. So, it’s no surprise that investing in crypto is considered such a high-risk activity. There are ways to mediate risk and one of such ways is to have a bug bounty, which HUH Token, a new cryptocurrency does have. According to an analysis by Deloitte, more than 25% of all bitcoin could be stolen in one attack. This is perhaps why cyber criminals get so creative in coming up with crafty ways to take your bitcoin. Unfortunately, as crypto is decentralized, stolen crypto is extremely hard to recover. In light of the prediction that 10% of global GDP is to be held in crypto by 2025, it needs to become unassailable. To avoid becoming the next hacking victim, use these expert-based tips to maximize your wallet’s security:
1.Keep your most confidential information offline
Never store passwords and mnemonics onto digital devices, as once hackers gain access to those your crypto is gone. HackerNoon recommends users to write that information down on paper and divide it into two halves. Rather than placing them in your desk drawer, you should hide several copies across various locations and with specific entrusted individuals. Remember to check up on these sites at least twice a year to ensure the information is still readable.
2.Store most of your assets in a cold wallet
Although hot storage wallets are preferred for their convenience, those that rely solely on passwords such as Metamask have experienced significant losses due to ongoing attacks. Ensure you only store limited amounts on there while keeping the bulk of your tokens in a cold wallet. Ledger and Trazor are solid choices.
3.Invest in coins that have undergone bug bounties
A bug bounty is a programme used in crypto to report problems and vulnerabilities as well as to check whether their systems can be hacked. Hackers are invited to attempt to decipher the smart contract coding. The reward increases in value with the size of the bug. With bug bounties, developers can improve their security using real hackers and strengthen their software and contracts. For this reason, it’s useful to consider switching from bigger names like bitcoin and ether to newer, lesser-known crypto with their own bug bounties. HUH Token, for instance, has recently announced one in which different attack vectors can be freely explored on the condition that there’s no major drawbacks for the HUH community. Additionally, HUH websites or infrastructure don’t generally form a part of the bounty programme. HUH can reward up to 50,000 points (1 point being equivalent to $1) to those who manage to penetrate it.
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Disclaimer: (This article is sponsored and includes some commercial links)
XRP's price is forming a reversal pattern as bulls defend a critical support level. Meanwhile, HUH Token has rocketed over 400% on its first day of trading and looks set for further gains.
Ripple (XRP) reached a low of $0.76 over the weekend, followed by a brief 10% run-up. This upswing was brief, and it resulted in the formation of another swing low near $0.76, resulting in a double bottom.
This bottom reversal pattern indicates that the downswing has reached its conclusion. As a result, investors can anticipate a noticeable increase in buying pressure, pushing XRP price back to the $0.96 resistance level following a 15% upswing.
Clearing this hurdle will pave the way for liquidity to be collected above the $1.03 swing high. In total, this rise from $0.76 to $1.03 represents a 30% increase.
XRP is also currently trading well below all of its moving averages on a 4-hour and daily chart.
4-Hour Chart According to TradingView
While XRP's price is improving, a break below the $0.76 support level will signal increased selling pressure. If buyers are unable to maintain this level, the cryptocurrency may retrace to the immediate support floor at $0.68.
If Ripple forms a lower low below this level, it will invalidate any bullish outlook and may trigger a crash to the next level at $0.61. Here, buyers have another opportunity to recoup their losses before Ripple falls further.
New cryptocurrency HUH Token (HUH) has rocketed over 400% on its first day of trading and looks set for further gains. HUH's initial coin offering (ICO) started at $0.00000564 but within just a few hours it surged to over $0.00003000.
Traders can still expect plenty of volatility as the new crypto finds its feet but looking at the 15-minute chart indicates that buyers have formed a base at $0.00002720.
15-Minute Chart According to TradingView
As long as this support floor holds the price is expected to continue its upward momentum.
Solid fundamentals and recent media attention are some of the main reasons for HUH Token's successful launch.
As stated in the White Paper, "The dream of HUH Token is a decentralised metaverse in which everyone benefits from the data they generate. The data generated through engagement, whether it is information, opinion, images, sound, or another form of self-expression, generated value for influencers and individuals, because all data generates influence, and HUH believes that influence is a currency that should be shared for the greater good "'.
This concept of "tokenising" influence is unheard of in the cryptocurrency space and has the potential to resonate with the creative and influencer communities. Musicians, artists, and influencers can use this cryptocurrency and its associated social network, "MetHUH," to monetise their works or "influence" by exchanging HUH Tokens.
HUH Token intends to be listed on over 100 exchanges within 12 months. This will mean HUH's price will become more bullish with each exchange listing, as access to the token becomes more accessible.
HUH's creators have also locked in $1 million of liquidity for two years to bolster long-term sentiment.
Disclaimer: (This article is sponsored and includes some commercial links)