Friday February 21, 2020

Loneliness as Dangerous as Smoking or Obesity: Researchers

To reach this conclusion, researchers conducted individual interviews of 30 adults of ages 67-92, part of an overall study evaluating the physical, mental and cognitive functions of 100 older adults living in the independent living sector of a senior housing community in San Diego

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Loneliness Can Worsen Mental Health And Can Double The Risk Of Dying
The research team also found that wisdom, including compassion, seemed to be a factor that prevented loneliness. Pixabay

Loneliness rivals smoking and obesity in its impact on shortening longevity and has become a public health concern, especially for older adults, say researchers.

With older adults increasingly moving into senior living or retirement communities, researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine sought to identify the common characteristics of residents who feel lonely in these environments.

The new study, published in the journal ‘Aging and Mental Health’, found that people’s experience of living with loneliness is shaped by a number of personal and environmental factors.

Age-associated losses and inadequate social skills were considered primary risk factors for loneliness.

“Some residents talked about the loss of spouses, siblings and friends as the cause of their loneliness. Others mentioned how making new friends in a senior community cannot replace deceased friends they grew up with,” said Alejandra Paredes, a research fellow in the Department of Psychiatry at University of California San Diego School of Medicine.

The feeling of loneliness was frequently associated with a lack of purpose in life.

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Two women converse in New York, June 26, 2012. The nation’s obesity epidemic continues to grow, led by an alarming increase among women. Obesity is one of the risk factors of heart failure. VOA

Others expressed a sense of “not being attached, not having very much meaning and not feeling very hopeful” or “being lost and not having control”.

The research team also found that wisdom, including compassion, seemed to be a factor that prevented loneliness.

Other protective factors were acceptance of aging and comfort with being alone.

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To reach this conclusion, researchers conducted individual interviews of 30 adults of ages 67-92, part of an overall study evaluating the physical, mental and cognitive functions of 100 older adults living in the independent living sector of a senior housing community in San Diego.

“It is important that we identify the underlying causes of loneliness from the seniors’ own perspectives so we can help resolve it and improve the overall health, well-being and longevity of our aging population,” suggested senior author Dilip V. Jeste, senior Distinguished Professor of Psychiatry and Neurosciences at UC San Diego School of Medicine. (IANS)

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Heavy Breakfast and Light Dinner Can Prevent Obesity

Want to lose weight? Have big breakfast, light dinner

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Eating a big breakfast rather than a large dinner may prevent obesity and high blood sugar. Pixabay

Eating a big breakfast rather than a large dinner may prevent obesity and high blood sugar, a new study suggests. This is a new health advice.

The findings, published in the The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, researchers at the University of Lubeck in Germany, found that the body appears to be better at processing food in the morning.

According to the researchers, our body expends energy when we digest food for the absorption, digestion, transport and storage of nutrients.

This process, known as diet-induced thermogenesis (DIT), is a measure of how well our metabolism is working, and can differ depending on mealtime.

“Our results show that a meal eaten for breakfast, regardless of the amount of calories it contains, creates twice as high diet-induced thermogenesis as the same meal consumed for dinner,” said the study corresponding author, Juliane Richter, from University of Lübeck in Germany.

breakfast dinner
A meal eaten for breakfast, regardless of the amount of calories it contains, creates twice as high diet-induced thermogenesis as the same meal consumed for dinner. Pixabay

“This finding is significant for all people as it underlines the value of eating enough at breakfast,” Richter added.

For the results, the researchers conducted a three-day laboratory study of 16 men who consumed a low-calorie breakfast and high-calorie dinner, and vice versa in a second round.

They found identical calorie consumption led to 2.5 times higher DIT in the morning than in the evening after high-calorie and low-calorie meals.

The food-induced increase of blood sugar and insulin concentrations was diminished after breakfast compared with dinner, the study said.

The results also show eating a low-calorie breakfast increased appetite, specifically for sweets.

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“We recommend that patients with obesity as well as healthy people eat a large breakfast rather than a large dinner to reduce body weight and prevent metabolic diseases,” Richter said.

The study conducted at University of Lubeck in Northern Germany, is a research Institute, focuses almost entirely on medicine and sciences. (IANS)