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Fires have been breaking out at an unusual pace in Brazil this year, causing global alarm over deforestation in the Amazon region. The world’s largest rainforest is often called the “lungs of the earth.” Here’s a look at what’s happening:
Brazil’s National Space Research Institute, which monitors deforestation, has recorded 76,720 wildfires across the country this year, as of Thursday. That’s an 85% rise over last year’s figure. And a little over half of those, 40,341, have been spotted in the Amazon region.
The agency says it doesn’t have figures for the area burned, but deforestation as a whole has accelerated in the Amazon this year. The institute’s preliminary figures show 3,571 square miles (9,250 square kilometers) of forest — an area about the size of Yellowstone National Park — were lost between Jan. 1 and Aug. 1. That already outstrips the full-year figure for 2018 of 2,910 square miles (7,537 square kilometers).
Stricter enforcement of environmental laws between 2004 and 2014 had sharply curbed the rate of deforestation, which peaked in the early 2000s at 9,650 square miles a year (25,000 square kilometers).
Meanwhile, large fires also have been burning in neighboring countries such as Bolivia, Paraguay and Argentina.
What’s causing the fires?
Paulo Moutinho, co-founder of the Amazon Environmental Research Institute, said this week that “it is very difficult to have natural fires in the Amazon; it happens, but the majority come from the hand of humans.”
Moutinho, who has been working in the Amazon forests for nearly 30 years, said fires are mostly set to clear land for farming, ranching or logging, and they can easily get out of control, especially during the July-November dry season. Moutinho says this year hasn’t been especially dry. “We’re lucky. If we had had droughts like in the past four years, this would be even worse.”
Critics of Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro say ranching and mining interests eager to expand their holdings have been emboldened by his oft-stated desire to increase development in the region.
How important is the Amazon?
The world’s largest rainforest, 10 times the size of Texas, is often called the “lungs of the earth,” and 60% of it lies within Brazil.
Trees store carbon absorbed from the atmosphere, and the Amazon each year takes in as much as 2 billion tons of carbon dioxide — a greenhouse gas that contributes to global warming.
The Amazon’s billions of trees also release water vapor that forms a thick mist over the rainforest canopy. It rises into clouds and produces rain, affecting weather patterns across South America and far beyond.
It’s also home to an estimated 20% of Earth’s plant species, many of which are found nowhere else.
“With each hectare burned we could be losing a plant or animal species that we didn’t even know about,” said Andre Guimaraes, director of the Amazon Environmental Research Institute.
What is the ‘tipping point’?
Climate scientist Carlos Nobre of the University of Sao Paulo and Thomas Lovejoy, an environmental scientist at George Mason University, have estimated that the “tipping point for the Amazon system” is 20% to 25% deforestation. Without enough trees to create the rainfall needed by the forest, the longer and more pronounced dry season could turn more than half of the rainforest into a tropical savannah, they wrote last year in the journal Science Advances.
If the rainfall cycle collapses, winter droughts in parts of Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay and Argentina could devastate agriculture, they wrote. The impacts may even be felt as far away as the American Midwest, according to Bill Laurance, a tropical ecologist at James Cook University in Cairns, Australia.
Lovejoy said Friday that close to 20% of the Amazon already has been deforested.
“I worry that the current deforestation will push past the tipping point, leading to massive loss of forest and biodiversity,” he said.
Lovejoy also said the government has proposed infrastructure projects that “would push yet further beyond and accelerate the dieback. It will add to the climate change challenge, massive loss of biodiversity and all that means in foregone human health and economic benefit.”
Bolsonaro took office on Jan. 1 after campaigning on promises to loosen protections for indigenous lands and nature reserves, arguing that they were helping choke Brazil’s now-struggling economy by stifling its major agricultural and mining sectors.
He has expressed a desire to protect the environment, “but without creating difficulties for our progress.”
Bolsonaro has also feuded with nongovernmental groups and foreign governments, including Germany and France, which have demanded that Brazil do more to protect the Amazon. Bolsonaro calls it meddling by people who should improve the environment in their own countries. This week he even suggested, without evidence, that a nongovernmental organization or activists could be setting fires to make him look bad.
He has disputed figures released by the space research institute, and the agency’s head recently was forced out after defending the figures. (VOA)
BY DEVIKANANDA JI
ॐ पितृदेवार्चितभूम्यै नमः
(Piṫa: Father; Archiṫa: One who is honored or worshipped)
In Sanskrit, the word pita means- one who protects. The Taiṫṫirīya Upanishad declares that the father is only next to the mother and should be honored like a god; without the father, you don't exist. This is proper since he gives birth, education and culture to his offspring. According to the smrutis, it is the father who performs the upanayana sacrament and imparts the sacred Gāyatrī mantra to his sons. According to some dharma śhāstra works, the following are pitās or fathers:- anna dāta (one who gives food); bhayatrāta (one who protects from dangers); śvaśura (father-in-law); janita (father) upaneta (one who performs upanayana).
Only in the Vedic tradition do we equate the father with god and honor and respect him. He is responsible for your birth and without his dhāṫu (sperm) you don't exist. He also provides food, shelter, and a roof over your head. He provides worldly knowledge for you to survive in the world. Without a father, you don't have a wife or mother because without him, they also don't exist. Every human being according to Hinduism, is said to be born under three ruṇas or debts. Among these is pitruruṇam. This ruṇa can be paid by marrying according to dharma and having a son who will perform śrāddhas to the pitrus or departed ancestors, thereby appeasing them. For Hindus, the father is honored and worshipped as a god and his children serve him in his old age.
From Vedic times to the beginning of Kaliyuga, and even today there are children who follow the father's occupation and keep the family business or tradition. From the father we inherit some traits, gotram, and family name. A father also has the burden and responsibility to maintain his life style according to dharmaśhāstrās because his children are going to look up to him and imitate him. In the great epic Mahābhārata, Yakṣha (a semi-divine being) asks Yudhishṭara, the eldest of the Pāndavās what the ātman (soul) is for the father. Yudhishṭara replies that 'putra ātmā manushyaśya' meaning- the son is the ātman for the father. He adds that -father is higher than the sky.
Our mother land has the culture of honoring and worshiping the father and is 'Pitrudevārchita Bhūmi'.
(Key Words: Father, God, Family, Vedas, Vedic, Tradition, Hinduism)
Bollywood actor Arjun Kapoor was never really keen on exploring horror comedy but the story of 'Bhoot Police' pushed him to try his hand at the genre. The actor said, "It's not a genre that I was looking for, script-wise. When I heard it, when I read it, what worked for me was the camaraderie between the brothers, the friction and the banter between them. So I quite liked the friction, the brotherhood and at the same time the love-hate relationship and the witty tone."
The film is set for its world TV premiere on Star Gold.Unsplash
He further said, "There was a certain canvas and a certain color created in the script itself, so my decision to say yes to the film came from the director's vision, and thankfully it came at a point where I knew the passion Saif had, also because everybody knew in the industry he is so bullish on the script." On his camaraderie with Arjun in the film, Saif mentioned, "Arjun and I have a relationship off-camera too; he is a family friend and we have known each other for ages! On camera, we don't take each other for granted and bring out the best we can. We had a good time working together and that shows in the movie."
The film is set for its world TV premiere on Star Gold, sharing his excitement for the premiere, Arjun said, "I cannot wait for the audiences to enjoy the World TV Premiere of our movie, 'Bhoot Police' on 23 January, Sunday at 8 PM on Star Gold." The 'Ishaqzaade' actor added, "'Bhoot Police' is an ideal family watch. Usually, horror-comedies are not children-friendly. But Bhoot Police is the kind of film the whole family can watch together over dinner. It is not often that you get a film that is mildly frightening and can be watched with the whole family. The kids will definitely enjoy watching the movie with their family!"
The actor said, "It's not a genre that I was looking for, script-wise."Unsplash
Speaking about her role in 'Bhoot Police', Yami Gautam said, "The character Maya that I play in 'Bhoot Police' was physically challenging. We had to shoot under tough weather conditions because the cold was bitter. There were a lot of outdoor sequences and keeping the light and weather in mind, we had to pack a lot within a day, every day." She continued, "Whenever I am in Himachal, I feel a sense of belonging; when I see the sunrise, those snow-capped mountains despite long tiring night shoots. It is my birthplace and shall always have a special place in my heart." (IANS/SP)
(Keywords : Arjun Kapoor, Yami Gautam, Saif Ali Khan, Bhoot Police, horror comedy, challenging, weather, mountains, genre, script, director, camera, movie.)
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Are you still doing things the incorrect way when it comes to working out? Whether you realise it or not, the correct sports bra or leggings can help you achieve your fitness objectives faster or perhaps exceed them. This is something that a high-performance athlete sincerely believes in. Because it's critical to choose clothing that suits your needs in order to achieve the desired result.
This is the era of flexible work schedules and rapid acceptance of a healthy way of living. Everyone is becoming more aware of the importance of keeping good mental and physical fitness, and the sportswear business is now helping to make their lives easier. When you feel good about yourself while working out, it motivates you to go above and beyond. Fitness aficionados today not only exercise at home, but also go to the gym or participate in sports on a regular basis. Comfortable, performance-oriented clothing underpinned by the latest advancements has become a need.
Also Read : How to choose a workout that fits your needs
Consumers nowadays seek out sports equipment, wearables, and accessories that will keep them ahead of the game and provide them with the feeling of a high-performance athlete. Adaptable gear like leggings, sweatpants, and activewear have fast become integral components of everyone's professional wardrobes as business is conducted in a hybrid arrangement, i.e. both from home and from the workplace.
Clothing must develop to assist clients effortlessly move throughout their day as fitness evolves and becomes more accessible. Apparel with cleverly designed pockets, mesh ventilation in crucial areas, binding apparel for no-ride-up yoga sessions, and other types of enclosures and supports to assist you work out without discomfort are all becoming more common. These garments have been tried and tested by thousands of customers, who have liked and used them. It has now become a way of life for them. For runners and gym goers all over the world, products like shorts with phone pockets have become standard.
Comfort is style, independence.Unsplash
Comfort is confidence
Comfort is style, independence, and the self-assurance we project, all of which contribute to our ability to grow and adapt. The most basic requirements a buyer looks for when investing in comfortable clothing and athleisure are maneuverability, fit, and fabric quality. Varied people have different definitions of comfort. While some high-intensity users prefer lighter, thinner, and faster drying materials so that they may exercise without smelling or sweating, others prefer non-clingy, heavier fabrics that give them the courage to exercise without fear of being seen. Stretch has also become a must in sportswear to ensure that users are not restricted in their movements. Our full stretch dry fit pants, stretch daily shorts, and high stretch power leggings are among the most popular.
Activewear - All day wear
Times and lifestyles have evolved since the pandemic, and this hybrid environment need adaptable attire. Dry-fit cotton or cotton-like clothes with good stretch, a casual look but a very functional appeal has become the norm in recent years. Leggings have evolved into an all-day, all-time wear for women, and goods like our leggings with phone pockets have been a big popular with active-wear clients. Similarly, for men, stretch daily pants and cotton joggers with basic yet elegant designs, as well as a comfortable form and utilitarian appeal, have become commonplace.
Stretch daily shorts, and high stretch power leggings are among the most popular.Unsplash
In this new period, times have changed, requirements have changed, and the entire community's perspective has altered. The acceptability and demand for clothes that fits in all life situations and makes you feel confident while wearing it will result in a worldwide and domestic market revolution. The activity and sportswear market is on the verge of a revolution, and firms that understand client needs and provide gear that meets them will thrive. Some firms are already concentrating on tackling this issue and bringing about a true market revolution. As a result, people now have the option of purchasing apparel that effortlessly fits with their lifestyle and provides not only exceptional performance but also excellent comfort during their busy hobbies. (IANS/SP)
(Keywords : innovation, apparel, fitness, goal, clothing, requirement, community, perspective, athleisure, healthy.)