Sunday, October 25, 2020
Home Life Style Health & Fitness Machine Learning Can Help Doctors to Improve End-Of-Life Conversation with Patients

Machine Learning Can Help Doctors to Improve End-Of-Life Conversation with Patients

A deeper understanding of these conversations, which are often freighted with emotion and uncertainty, will also help reveal what aspects or behaviors associated with these conversations are more valuable for patients and families

Researchers at University of Vermont have used Machine Learning and natural language processing (NLP) to better understand conversations about death, which could eventually help doctors improve their end-of-life communication.

Some of the most important, and difficult, conversations in healthcare are the ones that happen amid serious and life-threatening illnesses.

Discussions of the treatment options and prognoses in these settings are a delicate balance for doctors and nurses who are dealing with people at their most vulnerable point and may not fully understand what the future holds.

“We want to understand this complex thing called a conversation. Our major goal is to scale up the measurement of conversations so we can re-engineer the healthcare system to communicate better,” said Robert Gramling, director of the Vermont Conversation Lab in the study published in the journal Patient Education and Counselling.

Gramling and his colleagues used machine learning algorithms to analyze 354 transcripts of palliative care conversations collected by the Palliative Care Communication Research Initiative, involving 231 patients.

They broke each conversation into 10 parts with an equal number of words in each, and examined how the frequency and distribution of words referring to time, illness terminology, sentiment and words indicating possibility and desirability changed between each decile.

“We picked up some strong signals,” said Gramling.

Conversations tended to progress from talking about the past to talking about the future, and from sadder to happier sentiments. “There was quite a range, they went from pretty sad to pretty happy,” Gramling added.

Machine Learning
Researchers at University of Vermont have used Machine Learning and natural language processing (NLP) to better understand conversations about death, which could eventually help doctors improve their end-of-life communication. Pixabay

The consistent results across multiple conversations show just how much people make meaning out of stories in healthcare.

“What we found supports the importance of narrative in medicine,” he said.

That knowledge could eventually help healthcare practitioners understand what makes a “good” conversation about palliative care, and how different kinds of conversations might require different responses.
That could help create interventions that are matched to what the conversation indicates the patient needs the most.

ALSO READ: Light Alcohol Consumption Might Also Increase Cancer Risk: Study

A deeper understanding of these conversations, which are often freighted with emotion and uncertainty, will also help reveal what aspects or behaviors associated with these conversations are more valuable for patients and families. (IANS)

STAY CONNECTED

19,120FansLike
362FollowersFollow
1,778FollowersFollow

Most Popular

Dussehra 2020: India Celebrates The Victory Of Good Over Evil With Vijaya Dashami

India is known as the land of festivals, and the festive season starts as soon as the calendar reaches October. One of the most...

Stars and Planets Grow Up Together, says Study

In a unique study, astronomers have found compelling evidence that the planets begin forming while stars are still infants and they grow up together...

Diana Penty Talks About Digitalizing Fashion Shows

In a day and age where most things are digital and everything has moved online, one would imagine the same to be the case...

New AI Predicts Risks of Developing Acute Kidney Injury

A new artificial-intelligence-based tool can help clinicians predict which hospitalized patients face a high risk of developing acute kidney injury (AKI), say, researchers, including...

Artificial Limbs to Differently-Abled by Charitable Body

Narayan Seva Sansthan, which runs charitable hospitals in the country for the differently-abled, particularly polio-affected and those affected by birth, has launched a campaign...

Need for Continuing the Polio Immunization During Pandemic

As World Polio Day is observed around the globe amid the COVID-19 pandemic on Saturday, experts underlined the need for continuing the polio immunization...

Patients with NCD More Vulnerable to COVID in India

Researchers have revealed that the COVID-19 pandemic came as a double blow for people with non-communicable diseases (NCDs) such as diabetes, cancer, respiratory problems,...

How to Check if Something is an Online Scam

While there’s no failsafe way to recognize a scam, it never hurts to be vigilant. You can protect yourself when you know what to...

Recent Comments