Thursday, May 13, 2021
Home Lead Story Malaysia Provides Access to Toilets and Safe Sanitation Everywhere in the Country:...

Malaysia Provides Access to Toilets and Safe Sanitation Everywhere in the Country: Study

Malaysia's Rise, From Buckets and Hanging Toilets, to Universal Sanitation

What can Malaysia teach Southeast Asia about water resources? A new study shows that Malaysia has been able to spread access to toilets and safe  sanitation to nearly 100% of the partial island nation. After some trial and error, its experience offers some lessons for others around the world, particularly at a time when places from California to South Africa are increasingly worried about how well they will be able to manage their water resources in the long run.

Water access improves

malaysia-water-sanitation
The ocean is seen in Penang, Malaysia, a nation that improved sanitation faster than most. VOA

In recent decades Malaysia has increased citizens’ access to water thanks to a mix of top-down determination from the government, partial privatization, and clearly defined roles and rules for all stakeholders, author Dorai Narayana writes in a new book chapter. As a British colony until 1957, Malaysia used to see most urban inhabitants commonly use buckets or open defecation, which contributed to waterborne diseases. However after independence local authorities
started to pay more attention to sanitation, introducing septic tanks and piped water supplies.

National Government Leadership

Then the national government took over responsibilities in 1993. As the nation started to urbanize and develop quickly, it regulated the sector but allowed more private companies to deliver services, according to Narayana.

“Guidelines and standards were established, and a system to check and approve all new sewerage built by private developers was introduced,” he writes. “This resulted in a vast improvement in the quality of developer-built systems.”

A consultant in the sanitation and wastewater sector, Narayana analyzed Malaysia for the book Water Insecurity and Sanitation in Asia, published last month by the Asian Development Bank Institute and the National University of Singapore’s Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy.

Investment in infrastructure

Malaysia has made a fast transition from a developing nation to an upper middle-income economy, using its new wealth to invest in infrastructure like sanitation.

Malaysia
A new study shows that Malaysia has been able to spread access to toilets and safe sanitation to nearly 100% of the partial island nation. Pixabay

Narayana writes that it was a “drastic move” and “largely a top-down approach” for the national government to take over from local governments, but it mostly worked. At the same time Malaysia has been ruled largely by the same party since independence, making it easier for the national government to concentrate and wield power.

Private Companies became involved

It has loosened some of that power to allow private companies into sanitation.

“With the federalization and privatization, the country saw spectacular improvements in sewerage management,” Narayana, who is based in the capital city of Kuala Lumpur, writes. “Unprecedented amounts of funds were invested for the repair, refurbishment, and upgrading of the dilapidated sewage treatment plants.”

However the government makes sure to include strict regulations to go along with private investment. When it allowed Indah Water to sell services for instance, it required the company to empty septic tanks on a regular schedule and renovate all related infrastructure to the point of operating condition. Also when companies build new real estate developments the law requires them to build internal sewerage infrastructure as well.

This matters to the government because it wants to promote sustainable use of resources, from water to energy to recycling, according to Malaysia’s deputy secretary general at the Ministry of International Trade and Industry, Hairil Yahri Yaacob. He argued that this issue has been overlooked amid the world’s focus on the economy, even though resource sustainability is also an economic issue.

Also Read- US Firm To Provide High-resolution Weather Forecasting in India

“What we have to realize is that there is opportunity directly linked to sustainability,” said Yaacob in a statement.

As with the economy, sanitation is a day to day concern that affects everyone. It is not something people love to talk about but in this tropical nation, public and private sector work on sanitation has led to measurable improvements in the lives and well-being of most Malaysians. (VOA)

STAY CONNECTED

19,511FansLike
362FollowersFollow
1,773FollowersFollow

Most Popular

France, UK Concerned About Resurgence In Jihadist Threat

By Jamie Dettmer Nearly 200 jihadists imprisoned in France are due to be released over the next two years and French security officials are pressing French...

What You Need To Know About The Bombings In Gaza By Israeli

BY- JAYA CHOUDHARY Israeli bombings on the Gaza Strip have killed at least 21 people including 16 Palestinians. Among the diseased was a 32-year-old Indian...

Instagram Lets Users Add Pronouns To Their Profiles

Facebook-owned Instagram has announced to let users add up to four pronouns to their profiles, which they can then display publicly or only to...

Queen Elizabeth II Of The UK Presents The Government Agenda

Britain's Queen Elizabeth delivered the official Opening of Parliament speech Tuesday, her first ceremonial appearance since the death of her husband, Prince Philip. The speech,...

How To Recover Nikon Camera Photos

By Hasan Raza Introduction DSLR cameras have long been utilized in the white-collared photography business sector. DSLR’s notoriety in the global marketplace has also increased significantly...

Working On A Cremation Ground During The COVID Period

The shades of dusk are falling -- it is time to exit this space. But people continue to come in with their dead. The...

Healthy India: Encouraging Nursing Education In Schools

The Covid-19 pandemic has not just rattled the lives of millions but has put Indian healthcare machinery under tremendous pressure. From doctors to nurses to...

International Nurses Day: History And Significance

By- Khushi Bisht The International Nurses Day is observed on May 12th every year worldwide to honor the contributions of nurses. The International Council of...

Recent Comments