Tuesday August 20, 2019

Is Mammography Test to Spot Breast Cancer Necessary At All? Find out Here

The experts also recommended MRI, ultrasonography or a biopsy in which breast tissue or fluid is removed for laboratory testing, for younger women

0
//
Breast Cancer
Nano technology offers hope for better cancer testing. Pixabay

A woman under 40, with no known breast cancer risk or visible symptoms of the deadly disease, need not take regular mammography tests, say health experts.

Accordingto the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), a mammogram is an X-ray picture of the breast, used as a screening tool for the detection of early breast cancer in asymptomatic women.

“If a woman doesn’t have symptoms of breast cancer then regular mammography tests before the age of 40 are not recommended,” Ramesh Sarin, Senior Consultant (Surgical Oncology) at Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, New Delhi, told IANS.

If there is any lump in the breast, then mammography should be done.

“Those with increased risk (which is decided by clinician analysing multiple parameters) can begin screening at a younger age around 25-30 years,” added Upasna Saxena, Consultant (Radiation Oncology) from HCG Cancer Centre in Mumbai.

Cancer survivor, Flickr

In mammography, each breast is examined separately and compressed against the film to obtain maximum visualisation of masses or calcifications.

“This helps identify masses or lumps that are smaller than the size that can be felt on examination. Hence, they help in early detection of breast cancers. But at the same time all masses seen on mammography are not cancerous,” Saxena informed.

However, there are various concerns that mammography can be risky due to radiation. But experts noted that mammography uses low energy to take X-Ray of the breast.

“There are no risks which are associated with mammography, even if a woman gets 20-30 mammograms done in her lifetime,” Sarin said.

At the same time, “mammography is to be avoided in pregnant women as the foetus will be at risk even with minimal doses”.

Cancer
Cancer Ribbon. Pixabay

“If at all required in a pregnant woman, it can be done using a lead shield over the abdomen,” Saxena stressed.

Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer which affects women in India and, by 2026 the country will witness rise in the breast cancer incidence to 35 per 100,000 women as compared to the present rate of 25.8 per cent, says a Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) 2018 report titled “Breast Cancer Landscape in India”.

The cancer burden in India has more than doubled over the last 26 years, the highest increase among all therapy areas, with breast cancer being the most common among Indian women.

However, the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4) data shows only 9.8 per cent women between the age of 15 and 49 in India have ever undergone breast examination.

Also Read- Researchers Discover Novel Drug to Delay Ageing

“Mammogram should be supplemented with monthly breast self-examination or breast awareness,” Saxena said, adding that breast self-examination once a month should start by the age of 20 onwards.

The experts also recommended MRI, ultrasonography or a biopsy in which breast tissue or fluid is removed for laboratory testing, for younger women.

“However, these alternatives are not as sensitive as mammography, wherein physical examinations can detect breast cancer only in 60-70 percent of the cases. But mammography can detect breast cancer with 85 per cent accuracy,” Sarin noted. (IANS)

Next Story

Red Meat Consumption may Increase Breast Cancer Risk

Red meat has been identified as a probable carcinogen

0
Red Meat, Breast Cancer, Risk
Researchers have found that red meat consumption may increase breast cancer risk while poultry consumption may prove to be protective against the disease. Pixabay

Red meat may be alluring to the taste buds but one cannot ignore the health risks associated with it. Researchers have found that red meat consumption may increase breast cancer risk while poultry consumption may prove to be protective against the disease.

“Red meat has been identified as a probable carcinogen. Our study adds further evidence that red meat consumption may be associated with increased risk of breast cancer whereas poultry was associated with decreased risk,” said Dale P. Sandler from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences in the US.

For the study published in the International Journal of Cancer, researchers analysed information on consumption of different types of meat and meat cooking practices of 42,012 women who were followed for an average of 7.6 years.

During follow-up, 1,536 invasive breast cancers were diagnosed. It was found that increasing consumption of red meat was associated with increased risk of invasive breast cancer – women who consumed the highest amount of red meat had a 23 per cent higher risk compared with women who consumed the lowest amount.

Red Meat, Breast Cancer, Risk
Red meat may be alluring to the taste buds but one cannot ignore the health risks associated with it. Pixabay

Conversely, increasing consumption of poultry was associated with decreased invasive breast cancer risk – women with the highest consumption had a 15 per cent lower risk than those with the lowest consumption.

Breast cancer was reduced even further for women who substituted poultry for meat.

“Processed meat is usually made up of red meat but it also contains nitrates and nitrites which further break down to form carcinogen. It is recommended that not more than 455 gram of cooked red meat should be consumed in a week,” Parag Kumar, Consultant, Surgical Oncology, Indraprastha Apollo Hospital in New Delhi, told IANS.

However, according to Rashmi Sharma, Senior Consultant, Surgical Oncology (breast services) at Narayanan Superspeciality Hospital in Gurugram, red meat is an important source of good quality protein and micro-nutrients such as iron and zinc.

Also Read- Android Operating System Rolls Out Sixth and Final Beta Version of Android Q

“Women of childbearing age need this good quality protein for foetal development. But red meat also increases the chances of getting breast cancer so women should substitute this with poultry to get proteins and at the same time prevent getting breast cancer,” Sharma told IANS.

According to Nitin Leekha, Senior Consultant, Surgical Oncology at Jaypee Hospital in Noida, apart from reducing the consumption of red meat, there are a number of precautions and other lifestyle improvements which reduce the risk of cancer. (IANS)