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Mandala, the term simply means a circle in Sanskrit.

Art is not considered a necessity in schools nowadays. It is as important as academics because it will teach students not just creativity but about culture and community as well. For instance, Mandala as an art form may help in learning Hindu and Buddhist beliefs. Mandala can be understood in two ways, the external one which is symbolism and internal which is used as a guide for practices like meditation.

Mandala, the term simply means a circle in Sanskrit. The first time it was ever produced was in the first century before the Christ era as a Buddhist art form. In Buddhism, the mandala represents the ideal universe and the path to enlightenment.


Mandala In Buddhism, the mandala represents the ideal universe and the path to enlightenment. Photo by Amisha Nakhwa on Unsplash


Siddhartha Gautama, as it is known, is the father of Buddhism. He is said to be born in the Lumbini Province, Nepal. The date of his birth is not confirmed but the historians say it to be around 560 B.C. The known facts are that after being aware of the human sufferings and to attain enlightenment he left his kingdom. He sought to attain enlightenment through meditation and thoughtful action. He traveled across parts of India to spread his philosophy and eventually gained followers. The first sangha, a Buddhist community of monks, was formed thereafter.


Statue Mandalas are now used for modern context, religious practices and meditation. Photo by Jan Kopřiva on Unsplash


These Buddhist monks started traveling across Asia carrying the mandalas through the Silk Route, an ancient trade route which connected the East and West. They helped in spreading Buddhism and these art forms. Though initially it all started with Buddhism it came to Hinduism and other religious practices too. The painters of such spiritual crafts were usually sacred laymen. They worked sitting on the floor.

Mandalas are now used for modern context, religious practices and meditation. The traditional mandala of Tibet represents the enlightened state of Buddha through sand art. The creation of which can take up to weeks but after it is completed it is destroyed in a few hours to depict the Buddhist ideology that nothing is permanent.

They are also used as photo frames at the places of meditation as a sacred belief. Dream catchers also have Mandalas to protect the person sleeping. Most dream catchers can be identified as having the shape and patterns of Mandalas.The creating and keeping of Mandalas can transform and help one in attaining inner peace and wisdom.



Keywords: India, Tibet, Buddhism, Hindu, mandala art, meditation, silk route


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